Now showing items 21-40 of 1991

    • A Meritocratic Origin of Egalitarian Behavior 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Mollestrom, Johanna; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;09/2019, Working paper, 2019-04-29)
      The meritocratic fairness ideal implies that inequalities in earnings are regarded as fair only when they reflect differences in performance. Consequently, implementation of the meritocratic fairness ideal requires complete ...
    • A new Lagrangean Approach for the Travelling Salesman Problem 

      Jörnsten, Kurt; Kalcsics, Jörg (Discussion paper;04/15, Working paper, 2015-01-19)
      In this paper, we use a reformulation of the symmetric and the asymmetric travelling salesman problem more suitable for Lagrangean relaxation and analyse the new approach on examples from TSP Lib. Furthermore the Lagrangean ...
    • A New Semi-Lagrangean Relaxation for the K-Cardinality Assignment Problem 

      Belik, Ivan; Jörnsten, Kurt (Discussion paper;01/14, Working paper, 2014-01)
      Recently Beltrán-Royo, Vial & Alonso-Ayuso (2012) presented a semi-Lagrangean relaxation for the classical p-median location problem and for the incapacitated facility location problem. The results, obtained using the ...
    • A new Semi-Lagrangean Relaxation for the p-median problem 

      Butsch, Alex; Jörnsten, Kurt; Kalcsics, Jörg (Discussion paper;01/15, Working paper, 2015-01-09)
      Recently Beltran-Royo et.al presented a Semi-Lagrangean relaxation for the classical p-median location problem. The results obtained using the Semi-Lagrangean relaxation approach were quite impressive. In this paper we use ...
    • A Nodal Pricing Model for the Nordic Electricity Market 

      Bjørndal, Endre; Bjørndal, Mette; Gribkovskaia, Victoria (Discussion paper;43/14, Working paper, 2014-12)
      In the Nordic day-ahead electricity market zonal pricing or market splitting is used for relieving congestion between a predetermined set of bidding areas. This congestion management method represents an aggregation of ...
    • A note on upward pricing pressure : the possibility of false positives 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper;11/2012, Working paper, 2012-05)
      Farrell and Shapiro proposed a simple test of the possible upward pricing pressure (UPP) following a merger. They showed that the test may give false negatives, that is, indicate that a merger may not give an UPP, while ...
    • A partner in crime : assortative matching and bias in the crime market 

      Gavrilova, Evelina (Discussion papers;25/14, Working paper, 2014-06)
      I identify a discriminatory bias in partnership formation within the property crime mar- ket in the United States. Theoretically, the prisoner's dilemma creates an incentive for a criminal to form a partnership with a ...
    • A review of mobile services research: Research gaps and suggestions for future research on mobile apps 

      Nysveen, Herbjørn; Pedersen, Per E.; Skard, Siv E. R. (Working paper;01/15, Working paper, 2015-01)
      The working paper starts with an overview of the growth in research on mobile services. Based on the increase in the research on mobile services the last few years, the fact that the last general review article on mobile ...
    • A simple wavelet-based test for serial correlation in panel data models 

      Li, Yushu; Andersson, Fredrik N.G. (Discussion paper;11/14, Working paper, 2014-03)
      Hong and Kao (2004) proposed a panel data test for serial correlation of unknown form. However, their test is computationally difficult to implement, and simulation studies show the test to have bad small-sample properties. ...
    • Abusive transfer pricing and economic activity 

      Nielsen, Søren Bo; Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion papers;21/14, Working paper, 2014-05)
      This paper investigates how concealment costs of transfer pricing and the prob- ability of detection affect transfer pricing and firm behavior. We find that transfer pricing in intermediate production factors does not ...
    • Acceptance of inequality between children: Large-Scale Experimental Evidence from China and Norway 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Falch, Ranveig; Huang, Zhongjing; Tungodden, Bertil (SAM DP;10/2022, Working paper, 2022-07)
      In a novel experimental design with nearly 10,000 adults and children, we study how adults in two societies characterized by very different levels of income inequality, Shanghai (China) and Norway, make real distributive ...
    • Access price regulation facilitates strategic transfer pricing 

      Fjell, Kenneth; Foros, Øystein (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-10)
      Access price regulation is used in telecommunications to prevent that a vertically integrated firm, that controls an essential input, raises the rivals` costs. When the authorities remove the access price as a strategic ...
    • Access pricing, quality degradation and foreclosure in the internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Working paper, Working paper, 2000-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • Access pricing, quality degradation, and foreclosure in the Internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • Access regulation and cross-border mergers : is international coordination beneficial? 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Olsen, Trond E.; Straume, Odd Rune (Working paper, Working paper, 2005-06)
      The international integration of regulated markets poses new challenges for regulatory policy. One question is the implications that the overall international regulatory regime will have for cross-border and/or domestic ...
    • Access regulation and cross-border mergers : is international coordination beneficial? 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Olsen, Trond E.; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-04)
      The international integration of regulated markets poses new challenges for regulatory policy. One question is the implications that the overall international regulatory regime will have for cross-border and/or domestic ...
    • Accountability and taxation: Experimental evidence 

      Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (DP SAM;24/2018, Working paper, 2018-11)
      The Rentier State Hypothesis states that taxation promotes government accountability. The argument is that citizens demand more accountability for spending of tax revenue than for spending of windfall revenue (e.g., natural ...
    • An acquisition in the Nordic ferry market: rivalry or coordination on capacity? 

      Steen, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Working paper, Working paper, 2000-12)
      The purpose of this article is to test the effect of Color Line’s acquisition of Larvik Line in September 1996. We formulate theoretical predictions for the changes in sales, capacity and capacity utilisation following an ...
    • Acquisitions in the electricity sector : active vs. passive owners 

      Nese, Gjermund (Working Paper, Working paper, 2002-06)
      The starting point of this paper is a mixed oligopoly market consisting of n privately owned profit maximizing firm. Motivated by the trend of mergers and acquisitions in the liberalized electricity markets, and by the ...
    • Ad-avoidance technology : who should welcome It? 

      Bergh, Harald Nygård (Working paper;17/12, Working paper, 2012-06)
      The business model of many commercial TV-networks is to interrupt TV programs with advertising breaks. In this paper we investigate consequences of the fact that ad-averse viewers today can adopt technology which enables ...