• Local autonomy and interregional equality 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Working paper, Working paper, 2004-11)
      This paper shows how two important interregional transfer schemes, the foundation grant and the power equalization grant, can be seen as two different interpretations of equal opportunity ethics. It provides characterizations ...
    • Local autonomy and interregional equality 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Working paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
      This paper shows how two important interregional transfer schemes, the foundation grant and the power equalization grant scheme, can be seen as two different interpretations of equal opportunity ethics. It provides ...
    • Local autonomy and interregional equality : fiscal equalization with balanced budgets 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      This paper contributes to the literature on fiscal equalization in three ways. First, it shows how two important types of transfer schemes, the foundation grant and the power equalization grant, can be seen as two ...
    • Local Bank Competition, Loan Rates and Risk 

      Sæthre, Morten (Working paper, 2017-12)
      This paper investigates the effect of competition on the relation between borrowers’ risk and interest rates in the market for business loans. I estimate the relationship between the loan rates and risk of closure conditional ...
    • Local community relations (LCR) strategies in Norwegian professional football 

      Gammelsæter, Hallgeir; Jakobsen, Stig-Erik (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-12)
      In this paper we study local community relations (LCR) strategies of four professional Norwegian football clubs in the light of what is taken to be an organization field that is identified as being increasingly more ...
    • Local content development : experiences from oil and gas activities in Norway 

      Heum, Per (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-02)
      In the paper industrial development connected to upstream oil and gas activities in Norway is discussed. Several factors explain the success of Norway in this respect. Some of these factors are of a kind that only rarely ...
    • Local currencies : the context of their emergence : an explanatory model on the number of local currencies launched in France from 2007 to 2017 

      Simon, Manon (Master thesis, 2018)
      The aim of this thesis was to identify the contextual factors that influence the creation of local currencies. To pinpoint these factors, two multiple linear regression models were developed in which the choice of the ...
    • Local investor attention and stock returns 

      Kumar, Lavesh (Master thesis, 2017)
      In this thesis, we analyze the effect of local investor attention on stock returns. The study is carried out on a sample of 653 S&P 500 stocks in the period 2004-2016. Specifically, the paper constructs a variable that ...
    • “The local taste champion” Rieber & Søn ASA 

      Gooderham, Paul N.; Rønning, Rune (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-06)
      Rieber & Søn is a Norwegian multinational food company that currently has fully-owned production units in seven European countries and sales and market offices in a further six countries. The purpose of this rich case study ...
    • Localization and foreign direct investment : exemplified by Norwegian shipping in Singapore 

      Akselsen, Christine C. (Report, Research report, 2000-11)
      This thesis seeks to explore the determinants of localization. Dunning’ eclectic paradigm explains foreign direct investment (FDI) by the profitability of combining the ownership and internalization advantages of companies ...
    • Localization: On its nature, virtues and dangers 

      Pym, Anthony (Journal article, 2005)
      Discourse on the localization of software and websites now underlies one of the major language industries of our time. Its basic concepts also address issues that are of interest to sociolinguistics, text linguistics, ...
    • Location and knowledge interaction between head office and KIBS in city areas 

      Jakobsen, Stig-Erik; Aslesen, Heidi Wiig (Working paper, Working paper, 2003)
      The literature argues for a mutual dependency between head office location and the location of KIBS (knowledge-intensive business services) in major cities or capital regions. The locations of KIBS are presumed to be ...
    • Location decisions of multinational enterprises : the experiences of Poland, Bulgaria and Romania 

      Faggio, Giulia (Working Paper, Working paper, 2001-04)
      In this paper, we present a simple theoretical framework in order to analyze the decision of a multinational firm to locate either in Poland, Bulgaria, or Romania, conditional on entering the Eastern European market. We ...
    • Location of engineering and designer services in the information economy 

      Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik (Working Paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      This paper presents a case study of a naval architecture firm in Western Norway, which trades its services electronically. The paper goes on to analyze the market entry and location decision of such entrepreneurs by means ...
    • The location of European industry 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Overman, Henry G.; Redding, S. J.; Venables, Anthony J. (Report, Research report, 2000-02)
      Det er nærliggende å tro at tettere europeiske integrasjon vil føre til betydelige endringer i næringslokaliseringen i Europa. Tettere integrasjon gjør bedriftene mer internasjonalt mobile, og gir dem bedre muligheter til ...
    • The location of Norwegian manufacturing industry 

      Kolstad, Julie Riise (Report, Research report, 2005-12)
      Norway has, particularly in the last decade, experienced a trend of relatively rapid deindustrialisation; according to Statistics Norway, as many as 32,000 jobs in manufacturing have been lost between 2000 and 2004. In ...
    • Log-normal creaming and the likelihood of discovering additional giant petroleum fields 

      Lillestøl, Jostein; Sinding-Larsen, Richard (Discussion paper;3/16, Working paper, 2016-01-27)
      This paper considers sampling proportional to expected size from a partly unknown distribution. The applied context is the exploration for undiscovered resources, like oil accumulations in different deposits, where the ...
    • Lojalitetsprogram som et strategisk verktøy : en eksplorativ casestudie av NSB 

      Bjørnerem, Andreas; Vågnes, Arild (Master thesis, 2015)
      Motivasjonen bak utredningen tar for seg en interesse i hvordan strategiske virkemidler kan bidra til å styrke bedrifters posisjon i utfordrende omgivelser. Spesielt synes vi det er spennende å studere bedrifter som står ...
    • Lokal lagring : lokal energilagring i distribusjonsnettet, en del av mastergradprosjektet «Fremtidens nett» 

      Miftari, Valdrin; Schiøtz, Stian (Master thesis, 2018)
      Lokal lagring er et sentralt tema i diskusjonen om fremtidens kraftsystem, særlig bruken av batterier i strømnettet. Ny teknologi og fallende priser gjør det mer attraktivt å ta i bruk lokal lagring i stadig flere ...
    • Lokal og nasjonal prising i norske dagligvarekjeder 

      Bertelsen, Hanne Ehlers; Einung Dahl, Camilla (Master thesis, 2012)
      Prising er et strategisk virkemiddel i kampen om markedsandeler blant norske dagligvarekjeder. Lokal og nasjonal prising er ulike tilnærminger. Ved lokal prising avhenger pris av etterspørsel og konkurranse i det enkelte ...