Now showing items 321-340 of 833

    • Going Fast or Going Green? Evidence from Environmental Speed Limits in Norway 

      Folgerø, Ingrid Kristine; Harding, Torfinn; Westby, Benjamin S. (DP SAM;12/2017, Working paper, 2017-08)
      This paper studies the impact of speed limits on local air pollution, using a series of datespecific speed limit reductions in Oslo over the 2004-2015 period. We find that lowering the speed limit from 80 to 60 km/h reduces ...
    • Good skills in bad times : cyclical skill mismatch and the long-term effects of graduating in a recession 

      Liu, Kai; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Ø. (Discussion paper;16/2012, Working paper, 2012-08)
      We show that cyclical skill mismatch, defined as mismatch between the skills supplied by college graduates and skills demanded by hiring industries, is an important mechanism behind persistent career loss from graduating ...
    • Growth in public finances as tool for control : Norwegian development 1850-1950 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper;15/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      By drawing on information from public accounts from the nineteenth and twentieth century the present paper aims at mapping the development of key financial indicators for the Norwegian central government sector. It ...
    • Guided through the "Red tape"? : information sharing and foreign direct investment 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Skaldebø, Line Tøndel (Discussion paper;3/2013, Working paper, 2013-02)
      What drives the observed tendency of new FDI, other things equal, to be attracted to locations where many other foreign investors are located? One explanation in the literature on FDI location is that expected bene ts ...
    • Habit formation, strategic extremism and debt policy 

      Thøgersen, Øystein; Matsen, Egil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-12)
      We suggest a probabilistic voting model where voters’ preferences for alternative public goods display habit formation. Current policies determine habit levels and in turn the future preferences of the voters. This allows ...
    • Har kvaliteten på lærere falt over tid? 

      Møen, Jarle; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Thorsen, Helge Sandvig (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Bekymringer om opptakskravene til lærerstudiet er et tilbakevendende tema i offentlig debatt, og myndighetene har også forsøkt ulike tiltak for å bedre rekrutteringen. Det er derfor interessant å studere de lange linjene ...
    • Has job stability decreased in Norway? 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Bratberg, Espen; Vaage, Kjell (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-08)
      A widespread belief in the popular press is that job stability has declined across Western economies over the last 15 years. However, little support for this is found in the empirical literature. We use an extensive ...
    • Having a Daughter Reduces Male Violence Against a Partner 

      Somville, Vincent (DP SAM;24/2019, Working paper, 2019-12-28)
      In a global sample of around 310,000 couples, men whose firstborn child is a girl (instead of a boy) are 10 percent less likely to strangle their partner each year. The probability that they kick, punch, or slap her also ...
    • Health insurance coverage for low-income households : consumption smoothing and investment 

      Liu, Kai (Discussion Papers;16/2013, Working paper, 2013-10)
      I estimate the e ects of public health insurance on consumption smoothing and investigate the extent to which the public insurance interacts with private arrangements of self-insurance. Exploiting a dramatic expansion ...
    • Healthy(?), Wealthy, and Wise Birth Order and Adult Health. 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (SAM;03/2016, Working paper, 2016-02-12)
      While recent research finds strong evidence that birth order affects children’s outcomes such as education, IQ scores, and earnings, the evidence for effects on health is more limited. This paper uses a large dataset on ...
    • Heterogeneity in fairness views - a challenge to the mutualistic approach? 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;7/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      This commentary argues that the observed heterogeneity in fairness views, documented in many economic experiments, poses a challenge to the partner choice theory developed by Baumard, André and Sperber. It also discusses ...
    • The historical relation between banking, insurance and economic 

      Adams, Mike; Andersson, Jonas; Andersson, Lars-Fredrik; Lindmark, Magnus (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005)
      We examine empirically the dynamic historical relation between banking, insurance economic (income) growth in Sweden using time-series data from 1830 to 1998. We examine long-run historical trends in the data using ...
    • Horizontal mergers and product quality 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;4/2014, Working paper, 2014-02)
      Using a spatial competition framework with three ex ante identical firms, we study the effects of a horizontal merger on quality, price and welfare. The merging firms always reduce quality. They also increase prices if ...
    • Hospital competition and quality with regulated prices 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Straume, Odd Rune; Siciliani, Luigi (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-02)
      We analyse the effect of competition on quality in hospital markets with regulated prices, considering both the effect of free patient choice (monopoly versus competition) and increased competition through lower transportation ...
    • Hospital Competition in the National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Chiara, Canta; Luigi, Siciliani; Straume, Odd Rune (DP SAM;28/2018, Working paper, 2018-12)
      We study the impact of exposing hospitals in a National Health Service (NHS) to non-price competition by exploiting a patient choice reform in Norway in 2001. The reform facilitates a difference-in-difference research ...
    • Hospital competition with soft budgets 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;6/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      We study the incentives for hospitals to provide quality and expend cost-reducing effort when their budgets are soft, i.e., the payer may cover deficits or confiscate surpluses. The basic set up is a Hotelling model with ...
    • Hospital mergers : a spatial competition approach 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;8/2013, Working paper, 2013-04)
      Using a spatial competition framework with three ex ante identical hospitals, we study the effects of a hospital merger on quality, price and welfare. The merging hospitals always reduce quality, but the non-merging hospital ...
    • Hospital mergers with regulated prices 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;21/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      We study the effects of a hospital merger using a spatial competition framework with semialtruistic hospitals that invest in quality and expend cost-containment effort facing regulated prices. We find that the merging ...
    • Household Bargaining and Spending on Children: Experimental Evidence from Tanzania 

      Ringdal, Charlotte; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This paper studies whether an increase in women’s intrahousehold bargaining power causes couples to allocate more resources to their child’s education, and, if so, what the underlying mechanisms for this might be. We ...
    • Household bargaining and spending on children: Experimental evidence from Tanzania. 

      Ringdal, Charlotte; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (DP SAM;19/2017, Working paper, 2017-10)
      It is frequently assumed that money in the hands of women leads to better out-comes for their children than money in the hands of men. However, empirical and theoretical evidence are mixed. We conduct a novel between-subject ...