Now showing items 430-449 of 833

    • The liberal egalitarian paradox 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      A liberal egalitarian theory of justice seeks to combine the values of equality, personal freedom and personal responsibility. It is considered a much more promising position than strict egalitarianism, because it supposedly ...
    • Liberal Resourcism: Problems and Possibilities 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Vallentyne, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      A basic question for egalitarians is the “equality of what?” question. This is an instance of the more general “distribution of what?” question for distributive justice. The question is of great importance both for ...
    • Licensing and Innovation with Imperfect Contract Enforcement 

      Gilbert, Richard; Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard (Discussion paper;05/15, Working paper, 2015-03)
      Licensing promotes technology transfer and innovation, but enforcement of licensing contracts is often imperfect. We explore the implications of weak enforcement of contractual commitments on the licensing conduct of ...
    • Licensing technology and foreclosure 

      Clark, Derek J.; Foros, Øystein; Sand, Jan Yngve (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      We consider an industry where one firm with a superior technology competes for market shares with several rivals. The owner of the superior technology (the dominant firm) can license or transfer the source of its ...
    • Life cycle earnings, education premiums and internal rates of return 

      Bhuller, Manudeep; Mogstad, Magne; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;24/2014, Working paper, 2014-06)
      What do the education premiums look like over the life cycle? What is the impact of schooling on lifetime earnings? How does the internal rate of return compare with opportunity cost of funds? To what extent do progressive ...
    • Life-cycle and intergenerational effects of child care reforms 

      Chan, Marc K; Liu, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Life-cycle bias and the returns to schooling in current and lifetime earnings 

      Bhuller, Manudeep; Mogstad, Magne; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-02)
    • Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search 

      Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-01)
      We investigate whether women search longer for a job than men and whether these differences change over the life cycle. Our empirical analysis exploits German register data on highly attached displaced workers. We apply ...
    • Like father, like son? : a note on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      More able parents tend to have more able children. While few would question the validity of this statement, there is little large-scale evidence on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores. Using a larger and more ...
    • Local autonomy and interregional equality : fiscal equalization with balanced budgets 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      This paper contributes to the literature on fiscal equalization in three ways. First, it shows how two important types of transfer schemes, the foundation grant and the power equalization grant, can be seen as two ...
    • Long-Term Consequences of Access to Well-child Visits. 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Løken, Katrine V.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (SAM;29/2015, Working paper, 2015-12-02)
      A growing literature documents the positive long-term effects of policy-induced improvements in early-life health and nutrition. However, there is still scarce evidence on early-life health programs targeting a large share ...
    • Losers, winners and prisoner's dilemma in international subsidy wars 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      Two central results in the strategic trade literature are that governments shall support winners and that there is a policy prisoner dilemma in international subsidy wars (i.e.: countries have incentives to support local ...
    • Losing heart? : the effect of job displacement on health 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;26/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
      Job reallocation is considered to be a key characteristic of well-functioning labor markets, as more productive firms grow and less productive ones contract or close. However, despite its potential benefits for the ...
    • Losing in a Boom: Long-term Consequences of a Local Economic Shock for Female Labour Market Outcomes 

      Bennett, Patrick; Ravetti, Chiara; Wong, Po Yin (DP SAM;03/2020, Working paper, 2020-02)
      This paper examines the long-term labour market consequences of a positive economic shock, the first discovery of oil and gas in Norway. Existing studies focus on the short-term and men, while less is known about women and ...
    • Luck, choice and responsibility 

      Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Mollerstrom, Johanna (Discussion paper;6/2014, Working paper, 2014-03)
      We conduct a laboratory experiment where third-party spectators can redistribute resources between two agents, thereby offsetting the consequences of controllable and uncontrollable luck. Some spectators go to the limits ...
    • Luck, choice and responsibility - An experimental study of fairness views 

      Mollerstrom, Johanna; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Weconduct laboratory experimentswhere third-party spectators have the opportunity to redistribute Resources between two agents, thereby eliminating inequality and offsetting the consequences of controllable and uncontrollable ...
    • Lumpy investments, factor adjustments and productivity 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Rybalka, Marina; Skjerpen, Terje (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
      This paper describes firms’ output and factor demands before, during and after episodes of lumpy investment. By using a rich employer–employee panel data set for two manufacturing industries and one service industry, we ...
    • Made in China, sold in Norway : local labor market effects of an import shock 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Jensen, Sissel; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;25/2014, Working paper, 2014-06)
      We analyze whether regional labor markets are affected by exposure to import competition from China. We find negative employment effects for low-skilled workers, and observe that low-skilled workers tend to be pushed ...
    • The Making of Social Democracy: The Economic and Electoral Consequences of Norway’s 1936 Folk School Reform 

      Acemoglu, Daron; Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Sarvimäki, Matti (SAM DP;14/2021, Working paper, 2021-08)
      Upon assuming power for the first time in 1935, the Norwegian Labour Party delivered on its promise for a major schooling reform. The reform raised minimum instruction time in less developed rural areas and boosted the ...
    • Making sense of market delineation with the aggregate diversion ratio 

      Daljord, Øystein Børnes; Sørgard, Lars; Thomassen, Øyvind (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-08)
      The US Merger Guidelines leave it an open question if the SSNIP test requires an increase in one, some or all prices in the candidate market. We argue that the characteristics of the candidate market in question should be ...