Now showing items 464-483 of 833

    • Markup cyclicality and input factor adjustments 

      Askildsen, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Øivind Anti (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-04)
      This paper investigates the existence of markups and their cyclical behaviour at industry sector level. Markups are given as a price-cost relation that is estimated from a dynamic, structural model of the firm. The firms ...
    • Markup cyclicality and input factor adjustments 

      Askildsen, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Øivind Anti (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper investigates the existence of markups and their cyclical behaviour at the industry sector level. Markups are given as a price-cost relation that is estimated from a dynamic, structural model of the firm. The ...
    • Matched trade at the firm level and the micro origins of international business-cycle comovement 

      Friberg, Richard; Sanctuary, Mark (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      This article uses firm × national market export and import data for all Swedish private sector firms for 1997–2014 to examine the firm-level contribution of trade and foreign ownership to the correlation between Swedish ...
    • Material resources and well-being – Evidence from an Ethiopian housing lottery 

      Andersen, Asbjørn G; Kotsadam, Andreas; Somville, Vincent (DP SAM;11/2021, Working paper, 2021-04-26)
      Do better material conditions improve well-being and mental health? Or does any positive relationship merely reflect that psychological well-being promotes economic success? We supply new responses to these questions by ...
    • Måling og prioriteringer i konkurransepolitikken 

      Sørgard, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      I denne artikkelen vises det hvordan måling av effekter av konkurransepolitikken kan gi uheldige utslag på konkurransemyndighetenes prioriteringer. Hvis en måler effekten av hver enkelt beslutning (direkte effekt), kan det ...
    • Measuring heterogeneity in the returns to education in Norway using educational reforms 

      Aakvik, Arild; Vaage, Kjell; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      The decision to take more education is complex, and is influenced by individual ability, financial constraints, family background, preferences, etc. Such factors, normally unobserved by the researcher, introduce endogeneity ...
    • Measuring Market Power in Gasoline Retailing: A Market- or Station Phenomenon? 

      Nguyen-Ones, Mai; Steen, Frode (DP SAM;6/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
      Applying detailed consecutive daily micro data at the gasoline station level from Sweden we estimate a structural model to uncover the degree of competition in the gasoline retail market. We find that retailers do exercise ...
    • Measuring the consumption value of higher education 

      Alstadsæter, Annette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-02)
      The consumption value of education is an important, but rather ignored factor behind the individual’s educational choice. This paper suggests a method for measuring the consumption value of education in a compensating ...
    • Media competition on the Internet 

      Barros, Pedro P.; Kind, Hans Jarle; Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-08)
      This paper presents a model of competition between two advertisingfinanced media firms, and we apply the model to analyze competition between portals on the Internet. First, we show that equilibrium prices of advertising ...
    • Media market concentration, advertising levels, and ad prices 

      Anderson, Simon P.; Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Peitz, Martin (Discussion Papers;24/2011, Working paper, 2011-12)
      Standard media economics models imply that increased platform com- petition decreases ad levels and that mergers reduce per-viewer ad prices. The empirical evidence, however, is mixed. We attribute the theoretical predictions ...
    • Merger profitability in unionized oligopoly 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Straume, Odd Rune; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-05)
      We examine how a merger affects wages of unionized labour and, in turn, the profitability of a merger under both Cournot and Bertrand competition. If unions are plant-specific, we find that a merger is more profitable ...
    • Merger simulations with observed diversion ratios 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      One approach to merger simulations used in antitrust cases is to calibrate demand from market shares and a few additional parameters. When the products involved in the merger case are differentiated along several dimensions, ...
    • Merger simulations with observed diversion ratios 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-10)
      A common approach to merger simulations used in antitrust cases is to calibrate demand from market shares and a few additional parameters. When the products involved in the merger case are differentiated along several ...
    • Mergers and partial ownership 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Shaffer, Greg (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-01)
      In this paper we compare the profitability of a merger to the profitability of a partial ownership arrangement and find that partial ownership arrangements can be more profitable for the acquiring and acquired firm because ...
    • Missing Work is a Pain: The Effect of Cox-2 Inhibitors on Sickness Absence and Disability Pension Receipt 

      Buetikofer, Aline; Skira, Meghan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      How does medical innovation affect labor supply? We analyze how the availability of Cox-2 inhibitors, pharmaceuticals used for treating pain and inflammation, affected the sickness absence and disability pension receipt ...
    • Modeling individual choices in experiments : reply to Conte and Moffatt 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hole, Astri Drange; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-07)
      In a comment to Cappelen, Hole, Sørensen, and Tungodden (2007b), Conte and Moffatt (2009) challenge our use of a random utility model when studying individual choices in a fairness experiment. They propose an alternative ...
    • Moral motivation in dictator games 

      Halvorsen, Trond (Doctoral thesis, 2013-05)
    • The more the merrier? : the effect of family composition on children’s education 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-08)
      Among the perceived inputs in the “production” of child quality is family size; there is an extensive theoretical literature that postulates a tradeoff between child quantity and quality within a family. However, there is ...
    • Motivating Low-Achievers—Relative Performance Feedback in Primary Schools 

      Hermes, Henning; Huschens, Martin; Rothlauf, Franz; Schunk, Daniel (DP SAM;14/2019, Working paper, 2019-11)
      Relative performance feedback (RPF) has often been shown to improve effort and performance in the workplace and educational settings. Yet, many studies also document substantial negative effects of RPF, in particular for ...
    • Multidimensional screening in a monopolistic insurance market 

      Olivella, Pau; Schroyen, Fred (Discussion Papers;19/2011, Working paper, 2011-11)
      In this paper, we consider a population of individuals who differ in two dimensions: their risk type (expected loss) and their risk aversion. We solve for the profit maximizing menu of contracts that a monopolistic insurer ...