Now showing items 603-622 of 833

    • Regulation of pollution in a Cournot equilibrium 

      Mathiesen, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-06)
      In the traditional Cournot model producers influence each other’s decisions through revenue earned in the product market. Rosen (1965) introduced the notion of a coupled constraints equilibrium which allowed players to ...
    • Regulation, generic competition and pharmaceutical prices : theory and evidence from a natural experiment 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Holmås, Tor Helge; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-12)
      We study the impact of regulatory regimes on generic competition and pharmaceutical pricing using a unique policy experiment in Norway, where reference pricing (RP) replaced price cap regulation in 2003 for a sub-sample ...
    • Relational Incentive Contracts and Performance Measurement. 

      Chi, Chang Koo; Olsen, Trond E. (DP SAM;7/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
      This paper analyzes relational contracts under moral hazard. We first show that if the available information (signal) about effort satisfies a generalized monotone likelihood ratio property, then irrespective of whether ...
    • Relationship learning with key customers 

      Sallis, James (Doctoral thesis, 2002)
    • Relative purchasing power parity and the European monetary union: Evidence from eastern Europe 

      Findreng, Jon Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      This paper examine whether relative purchasing power parity holds for Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Romania and Turkey versus Germany over the period January 1999 to May 2013. We investigate the real ...
    • Relative wages and trade-induced changes in technology 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Ekholm, Karolina (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      We develop a model where trade liberalization leads to skill-biased technological change, which in turn raises the relative return to skilled labor. When firms get access to a larger market, the relative profitability of ...
    • Relocating the responsibility cut : should more responsibility imply less redistribution? 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      Liberal egalitarian theories of justice argue that inequalities arising from non-responsibility factors should be eliminated, but that inequalities arising from responsibility factors should be accepted. The paper discusses ...
    • Rent Sharing with Footloose Production. Foreign Ownership and Wages Revisited 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Sæthre, Morten (Discussion paper;30/14, Working paper, 2014-09)
      We present a bargaining model of wage and employment determina- tion, where we show that foreign acquisitions might hurt the bargaining outcome of powerful unions by giving the firm a credible threat to move production ...
    • A repeat sailings index of ocean freight rates for the 1850s 

      Klovland, Jan Tore (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      The middle of the nineteenth century has long been a challenge to researchers of ocean freight rates. The data originating from the circulars of the London shipbroker firm of Angier Brothers have been the basis of much ...
    • Resale price maintenance and restrictions on dominant firm and industry-wide adoption 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Shaffer, Greg (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-06)
      This paper examines the use of market-share thresholds (safe harbors) in evaluating whether a given vertical practice should be challenged. Such thresholds are typically found in vertical restraints guidelines (e.g., the ...
    • Resolving distributional conflicts between generations 

      Asheim, Geir B.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-05)
      We describe a new approach to the problem of resolving distributional conflicts between an infinite and countable number of generations. We impose conditions on the social preferences that capture the following idea: ...
    • Responsibility and reward 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      It is not straightforward to define the ethics of responsibility in cases where the consequences of factors under our control are partly affected by factors outside our control. One way to approach this issue is to ask ...
    • Responsibility for what? Fairness and individual responsibility 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      What should individuals be held responsible for? This is a fundamental question in much of the contemporary debate on distributive justice. Different fairness ideals, such as strict egalitarianism, and different versions ...
    • Rettferdig ulikhet 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Haaland, Ingar Kyrkjebø; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Hvilke ulikheter oppfattes som rettferdige? Vi presenterer resultatet fra en surveyundersøkelse med et nasjonalt representativt utvalg av den norske befolkningen. Hovedfunnet er at nordmenn synes ulikheter kan være både ...
    • Rettferdighet på hjernen 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Hjernen har lenge vært en sort boks for økonomer, men i økende grad har økonomer begynt å studere hvilke mentale prosesser som ligger bak folks valg. Ikke minst forsøker man å forstå hvorfor folk noen ganger velger å gjøre ...
    • Revisiting 'mothers and sons' preference formation and the female labor force in Switzerland 

      Bütikofer, Aline (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-01)
      This paper analyzes the interrelation between men's gender role attitudes and female labor supply decision. Following Fernández, Fogli, and Olivetti (2004), I argue that the recent increases in the female labor market ...
    • Revisiting the Boston data set (Harrison and Rubinfeld, 1978): a case study in the challenges of system articulation. 

      Bivand, Roger (SAM;30/2015, Working paper, 2015-12-18)
      In the extended topical sphere of Regional Science, more scholars are addressing empirical questions using spatial and spatio-temoral data. An emerging challenge is to alert “new arrivals” to existing bodies of knowledge ...
    • Revisiting the Boston data set. Changing the units of observation affects estimated willingness to pay for clean air 

      Bivand, Roger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Harrison, Rubinfeld (1978c) used a hedonic model to find out how house values were affected by air pollution in Boston, when other variables were taken into consideration. Their primary interest was in estimating willingness ...
    • Rewarding effort 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      According to liberal egalitarian ethics, individuals should be rewarded for factors under their control, but not for factors outside their control. A fundamental challenge to liberal egalitarian theories of justice is ...
    • Rich meets poor : an international fairness experiment 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Moene, Karl Ove; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-10)
      Why do people in rich countries not transfer more of their income to people in the world's poorest countries? To study this question and the relative importance of needs, entitlements, and nationality in people's social ...