Now showing items 643-662 of 833

    • Sharing and cooperation in an experiment with heterogeneous groups 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Coniglio, Nicola D. (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      We investigate the impact of inequality on sharing and cooperation using a dictator game and a linear public good game where some participants work for their endowment (“workers”) while others do not (“non-workers”). ...
    • Sharing Mare Nostrum: An analysis of Mediterranean maritime history articles in English-language journals 

      Ojala, Jari; Tenold, Stig (Discussion paper;07/15, Working paper, 2015-04)
      This discussion paper is a follow-up to a previous bibliometric analysis of articles published in The International Journal of Maritime History and maritime-themed articles published in other economic and business history ...
    • Shipping and Globalization in the Post-War Era: Contexts, Companies, Connections 

      Petersson, Niels P.; Tenold, Stig; White, Nicholas J. (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2019)
    • Shipping in dire straits: New evidence on trends and cycles in coal freights from Britain, 1919-1939 

      Klovland, Jan Tore (SAM;5/2016, Working paper, 2016-04-07)
      New monthly freight rate indices for 13 coal trade routes from Britain 1919-1939 are presented. The new indices form the basis of a review of the interwar freight markets and their relationship to the timing and severity ...
    • Should governments help winners or losers? 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      One central result in the strategic trade literature is that governments should not support domestic ”losers” but domestic ”winners”. We show that when first-mover advantages are taken into account, the reverse holds, ...
    • Should the marginal tax rate be negative? Ragnar Frisch on the socially optimal amount of work. 

      Sandmo, Agnar (DP SAM;1/2017, Working paper, 2017-01-26)
      In the late 1940s, Ragnar Frisch published two articles in Norwegian that constitute a pioneering attempt to apply welfare economics to a problem of economic policy. The main contention of the articles is that there exists ...
    • Single-product versus uniform SSNIPs 

      Daljord, Øystein Børnes; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-01)
      It is common to apply a SSNIP test with a uniform price increase on all products in the candidate market. We show that in situations with asymmetries – for example one product having a limited sale – a uniform SSNIP test ...
    • Single-product versus uniform SSNIPs 

      Sørgard, Lars; Daljord, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      It is common to apply a SSNIP test with a uniform price increase on all products in the candidate market. We show that in situations with asymmetries – for example variations in revenues – a uniform SSNIP test may suggest ...
    • Size-based input price discrimination under endogenous inside options 

      Evensen, Charlotte B.; Foros, Øystein; Haugen, Atle; Kind, Hans Jarle (DP SAM;06/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
      Individual retailers may choose to invest in a substitute to a dominant supplier’s products (inside option) as a way of improving its position towards the supplier. Given that a large retailer has stronger investment ...
    • Skill composition : exploring a wage-based skill measure 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Rybalka, Marina; Skjerpen, Terje (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-04)
      This study explores a wage-based skill measure using information from a wage equation. Evidence from matched employer-employee data show that skill is attributable to variables other than educational length, for instance ...
    • Skulekvalitet og segregasjon : ein analyse av bustadmønster i Stor-Oslo 

      Schei, Christine Olsen (Master thesis, 2015)
      I denne mastergradsavhandlinga er det gjort rede for utvikling i bustadmønster i Stor-Oslo og Oslo kommune. Gjennom resultat frå segregasjonsindeksar konkluderast det med at Stor-Oslo er moderat segregert, og at det har ...
    • Small family, smart family? : family size and the IQ scores of young men 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-08)
      How do families influence the ability of children? Cognitive skills have been shown to be a strong predictor of educational attainment and future labor market success; as a result, understanding the determinants of ...
    • Small family, smart family? Family size and the IQ scores of young men 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper uses Norwegian data to estimate the effect of family size on IQ scores of men. Instrumental variables (IV) estimates using sex composition as an instrument show no significant negative effect of family size; ...
    • Social origins of a work ethic : norms, mobility and urban unemployment 

      Kolstad, Ivar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-03)
      Neighbourhood effects and worker mobility have been proposed as explanations for the pattern of employment in cities. This paper presents a the oretical framework within which the joint impact of these two factors can ...
    • Social security and future generations 

      Thøgersen, Øystein; Fehr, Hans (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-12)
      We survey the effects of social security in the form of mandatory public pension programs on the intergenerational distribution of tax burdens, income, various risks and welfare. The first part considers basic theoretical ...
    • Social security reforms and early retirement 

      Fehr, Hans; Sterkeby, Wenche Irén; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-09)
      In order to stimulate labor market participation and improve the financial viability of the social security systems, many recent reform proposals in various OECD economies suggest to scale down the non-actuarial parts ...
    • Socioeconomic Status and Physicians’ Treatment Decisions 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Holmås, Tor Helge; Monstad, Karin; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;12/15, Working paper, 2015-06)
      This paper aims at shedding light on the social gradient by studying the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and provision of health care. Using administrative data on services provided by General Practitioners ...
    • Software for Spatial Statistics 

      Bivand, Roger; Pebesma, Edzer; Ribeiro, Paulo Justiano (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      We give an overview of the papers published in this special issue on spatial statistics, of the Journal of Statistical Software. 21 papers address issues covering visualization (micromaps, links to Google Maps or Google ...
    • Solidarity and Fairness in Times of Crisis 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Falch, Ranveig; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;06/2020, Working paper, 2020-05-14)
      In a large-scale pre-registered survey experiment with a representative sample of more than 8,000 Americans, we examine how the COVID-19 pandemic causally affects people’s solidarity and fairness. We randomly manipulate ...