Now showing items 859-878 of 882

    • Who are the least advantaged? 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Vallentyne, Peter (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-01)
      The difference principle, introduced by Rawls (1971, 1993), is generally interpreted as leximin, but this is not how he intended it. Rawls explicitly states that the difference principle requires that aggregate benefits ...
    • Why 1990 international Geary-Khamis dollars cannot be a foundation for reliable long run comparisons of GDP 

      Liam, Brunt; Antonio Fidalgo (DP SAM;25/2018, Working paper, 2018-11)
      Using a large, new dataset of agricultural prices and quantities for many countries and regions, we create five new international Geary-Khamis pounds – for 1870, 1845, 1775, 1705, and a superior chained series. We show ...
    • Why children of college graduates outperform their schoolmates : a study of cousins and adoptees 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Hægeland, Torbjørn; Raaum, Oddbjørn; Kirkebøen, Lars Johannessen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-09)
      There is massive cross-sectional evidence that children of more educated parents outperform their schoolmates on tests, grade repetition and in educational attainment. However, evidence for causal interpretation of this ...
    • Why corporate taxes may rise : the case of economic integration 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-05)
      Almost all the literature on tax competition in the presence of multinationals (MNCs) ignores the combined effect of profit shifting and economic integration (i.e., a reduction in trade costs) on equilibrium capital ...
    • Why do committees work? 

      Breitmoser, Yves; Valasek, Justin (DP SAM;18/2023, Working paper, 2023-11-21)
      We report on the results of an experiment designed to disentangle behavioral biases in information aggregation of committees. Subjects get private signals about the state of world, send binary messages, and finally vote ...
    • Why Europe should love tax competition - and the U.S. even more so 

      Schjelderup, Guttorm; Janeba, Eckhard (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-04)
      Is global competition for mobile capital harmful (less public goods) or beneficial (less government waste)? This paper combines both aspects within a generalized version of the comparative public finance model (Persson, ...
    • Why the apple doesn't fall far: Understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2005)
      Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. Why is this? There are a number of possible explanations. One is a pure selection story: the type of parent who has more education and earns ...
    • Why the apple doesn’t fall far : understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-10)
      Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. However, is this because parental education actually changes the outcomes of children, suggesting an important spillover of education ...
    • Why was the Great Depression not so great in the Nordic countries? : economic policy and unemployment 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-08)
      The present paper seeks to examine why the Nordic countries performed better than most other Western countries during the 1930s, when they at the same time experienced high unemployment levels. The conclusions drawn here ...
    • Will Artificial Intelligence Get in the Way of Achieving Gender Equality? 

      Carvajal, Daniel; Franco, Catalina; Isaksson, Siri (DP SAM;03/2024, Working paper, 2024-03-14)
      The promise of generative AI to increase human productivity relies on developing skills to become proficient at it. There is reason to suspect that women and men use AI tools differently, which could result in productivity ...
    • Willingness to compete : family matters 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion Papers;03/2014, Working paper, 2014-01)
      This paper studies the role of family background in explaining differences in the willingness to compete. By combining data from a lab experiment conducted with a representative sample of adolescents in Norway and high ...
    • Willingness to compete in a gender equal society 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;24/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
    • Winners and losers from an international investment agreement 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Eckel, Carsten (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-08)
      Recent attempts at reaching an international investment agreement have been met with considerable opposition and failed. An important reason for this failure is the diverging interests between the parties involved. The ...
    • Women Helping Women? Evidence from Private Sector Data on Workplace Hierarchies 

      Kunze, Astrid; Miller, Amalia R. (Discussion paper;14/15, Working paper, 2015-06)
      This paper studies gender spillovers in career advancement using 11 years of employer-employee matched data on the population of white-collar workers at over 4,000 private-sector establishments in Norway. Our data include ...
    • Women’s Wages and Empowerment: Pre-industrial Japan, 1600-1890 

      Kumon, Yuzuru; Sakai, Kazuho (SAM DP;18/2022, Working paper, 2022-11-16)
      Using new evidence from servant contracts, 1600-1890, we estimate women’s wages in Japan. Women’s wages could only sustain 1.5-2 people up to 1900, the lowest recorded in the pre-industrial world. We then show the gender ...
    • Work and wage dynamics around childbirth 

      Ejrnæs, Mette; Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper;4/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      This study investigates how the first childbirth affects the wage processes of women who are well-established in the labour market. We estimate a flexible fixed-effects wage regression model extended by post-childbirth ...
    • Work requirements and long term poverty 

      Schroyen, Fred; Torsvik, Gaute (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999)
      We study how work requirements can be used to target transfers to the long term poor. Without commitment, time consistency requires all screening measures to be concentrated in the first phase of the program. We show ...
    • Worker Power, Immigrant Sorting, and Firm Dynamics 

      Silliman, Mikko; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;13/2024, Working paper, 2024-07-05)
      This paper examines how worker power shapes the allocation of immigrants across firms, and the subsequent consequences of such sorting on firm performance and the careers of incumbent workers. Our analysis highlights several ...
    • Workforce or workfare? 

      Jacquet, Laurence; Brett, Craig (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-04)
    • Young unemployed, single mothers and their children 

      Reiso, Katrine Holm (Doctoral thesis, 2014-12)
      Young unemployed and single mothers are natural target groups for labour market policy interventions. At young age, people are particularly prone to unemployment. Figure 1 depicts unemployment rates for the OECD countries ...