Now showing items 51-70 of 812

    • Baby booming inequality? Demographic change and earnings inequality in Norway, 1967–2000 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      In this paper, we demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are due to changes in the age-structure. To this end, we use administrative data on ...
    • Baby booming inequality?: demographic change and inequality in Norway, 1967-2004 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      We demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are because of changes in the age structure. In particular, we explore the hypothesis that the substantial ...
    • A balanced view of development as freedom 

      Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      Amartya Sen, in his most recent book Development as Freedom, argues that expansion of human freedom should both be viewed as the primary end and the principle means of development. This paper provides an overview and a ...
    • Basic analytics of multilateral lending and surveillance 

      Hagen, Rune Jansen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-09)
      I analyse whether multilateral lending may be justified in a world of global capital markets if multilaterals have an informational advantage over lenders in the market for sovereign debt. I show that the adverse selection ...
    • Behavioral Barriers and the Socioeconomic Gap in Child Care Enrollment 

      Hermes, Henning; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peter, Frauke; Wiederhold, Simon (SAM DP;16/2021, Working paper, 2021-09-01)
      Children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to benefit more from early child care, but are substantially less likely to be enrolled. We study whether reducing behavioral barriers in the application process increases ...
    • Beliefs About Racial Discrimination and Support for Pro-Black Policies 

      Haaland, Ingar; Roth, Christopher (DP SAM;02/2019, Working paper, 2019-02-05)
      We examine whether beliefs about racial discrimination causally affect support for pro-black policies. Using representative samples of Americans, we elicit quantitative and incentivized beliefs about the extent of labor ...
    • A benchmark value for relative prudence 

      Schroyen, Fred; Etner, Johanna; Eeckhoudt, Louis (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      In this paper we propose benchmark values for the coefficients of relative risk aversion and relative prudence on the basis of a binary choice model where the decision maker chooses between aggregating or disaggragatin ...
    • Beyond trade costs : firms' endogenous access to international markets 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      In this paper we argue that the level of access to international markets by firms is related not only to exogenous factors such as trade costs, but also to endogenous factors such as strategic competition on R&D. In ...
    • Blinded by the choice : an experimental study on luck, choice and distributive justice 

      Bakke, Ingrid Hågård (Master thesis, 2012)
      This thesis aims to study moral motivation in economic decision making and to increase understanding of how we treat the element of choice when it comes to economic inequality and distribution of income. Most people agree ...
    • Breaking the glass ceiling? : the effect of board quotas on female labor market outcomes in Norway 

      Bertrand, Marianne; Black, Sandra E.; Jensen, Sissel; Lleras-Muney, Adriana (Discussion paper;28/2014, Working paper, 2014-08)
      In late 2003, Norway passed a law mandating 40 percent representation of each gender on the board of publicly limited liability companies. The primary objective of this reform was to increase the representation of women ...
    • Breaking the Links: Natural Resource Booms and Intergenerational Mobility 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Dalla-Zuanna, Antonio; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;19/2018, Working paper, 2018-09)
      Do large economic shocks increase intergenerational earnings mobility through creating new economic opportunities? Alternatively, do they reduce mobility by reinforcing the links between generations? In this paper, we ...
    • Bridging the tax-expenditure gap : green taxes and the marginal cost of funds 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-02)
      The marginal cost of public funds is usually seen as a number greater than one, reflecting the efficiency cost of distortionary taxes. But economic intuition suggests that since green taxes are efficiency-enhancing the ...
    • The broadband access market : competition, uniform pricing and geographical coverage 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      In this paper we analyze the market for broadband access. A key feature of this market is that it is considerably more expensive to connect consumers in rural locations than in urban locations. We show that while competition ...
    • Building Bridges and Widening Gaps: Efficiency Gains and Equity Concerns of Labor Market Expansions 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Løken, Katrine V.; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;19/2019, Working paper, 2019-10-20)
      We exploit the opening of a large bridge to study how access to a larger labor market affects economic efficiency, and how these potential efficiency gains are distributed across workers. The bridge we study connected the ...
    • Business corruption : incidence, mechanisms, and consequences 

      Søreide, Tina (Doctoral thesis, 2006-02)
    • Business models for media firms : does competition matter for how they raise revenue? 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-07)
      The purpose of this article is to analyze how competitive forces may influence the way media firms like TV channels raise revenue. A media firm can either be financed by advertising revenue, by direct payment from the ...
    • Business Training in Tanzania: From Research-driven Experiment to Local Implementation 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Juniwaty, Kartika Sari; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Field experiments documenting positive treatment effects have a strong policy message: scale up! However, such experiments are typically implemented under close supervision of the research group in charge of the study. In ...
    • Buying influence : aid fungibility in a strategic perspective 

      Hagen, Rune Jansen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-04)
      I study equilibria of non-cooperative games between an aid donor and a recipient when there is conflict over the allocation of their combined budgets. The general conclusion is that a donor’s influence over outcomes is ...
    • Bør den indirekte pressestøtten gis som momsfritak eller skattefradrag? : 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Møen, Jarle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Papiraviser er fritatt for moms. Dette representerer en indirekte subsidie i størrelsesorden 1,5 milliarder kroner per år. Skattefradrag for redaksjonelle kostnader har vært foreslått som et supplerende virkemiddel i en ...
    • Bør FoU-støtte rettes mot små eller store foretak? 

      Møen, Jarle; Rybalka, Marina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      I boken Innovation, Path Dependency, and Policy, som utkom på Oxford University Press i 2009, uttrykker Jan Fagerberg, David Mowery og Bart Verspagen bekymring for at norsk forskningspolitikk ikke i tilstrekkelig grad ...