Now showing items 165-184 of 812

    • Economic growth and purchasing power parities in the Nordic countries 1830-1910 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      The present paper examines new estimates of GDP for the five Nordic countries 1830-1910 in terms of economic growth and purchasing power parities. It concludes that significant economic growth took place during the period. ...
    • Economic integration and redistributive taxation 

      Haufler, Andreas; Klemm, Alexander; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-04)
      We set up a simple political economy model where economic integration raises the profitability of multinational firms. In this setting redistributive taxation may rise following economic integration, if the effects of ...
    • Economics for peace : Léon Walras and the Nobel peace prize 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-02)
      This paper is an account of the history of the attempt by Léon Walras to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for 1906. It describes Walras’ moves to get three of his Lausanne colleagues to nominate him for the Prize, the ...
    • The Economics of Hypergamy 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kotsadam, Andreas; Moen, Espen Rasmus; Røed, Knut (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2020)
      Partner selection is a vital feature of human behavior with important consequences for individuals, families, and society. We use the term hypergamy to describe a phenomenon whereby there is a tendency for husbands to be ...
    • Economies of scale in European manufacturing revisited 

      Henriksen, Espen R.; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Steen, Frode (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-06)
      We test for internal and external economies of scale in European manufacturing employing a more disaggregated data set than what has been used in earlier analyses, and aim to separate externalities from common business ...
    • Education and family background : mechanisms and policies 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Björklund, Anders (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-05)
      In every society for which we have data, people’s educational achievement is positively correlated with their parents’ education or with other indicators of their parents’ socioeconomic status. This topic is central in ...
    • Education and fertility : evidence from a natural experiment 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Propper, Carol; Monstad, Karin (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-04)
      In many developed countries a decline in fertility has occurred. This development has been attributed to greater education of women. However, establishing a causal link is difficult as both fertility and education have ...
    • Education and mobility 

      Machin, Stephen; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Pelkonen, Panu (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      We show that the length of compulsory education has a causal impact on regional labour mobility. The analysis is based on a quasi-exogenous staged Norwegian school reform, and register data on the whole ...
    • Education and mobility 

      Machin, Stephen J.; Pelkonen, Panu; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      We show that the length of compulsory education has a causal impact on regional labour mobility. The analysis is based on a quasi-exogenous staged Norwegian school reform, and register data on the whole population. Based ...
    • Education Research and Administrative Data 

      Figlio, David; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Salvanes, Kjell G. (Discussion paper;24/15, Working paper, 2015-10)
      Thanks to extraordinary and exponential improvements in data storage and computing capacities, it is now possible to collect, manage, and analyze data in magnitudes and in manners that would have been inconceivable just ...
    • Educational attainment and family background 

      Aakvik, Arild; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Vaage, Kjell (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-04)
      This paper analyses the effect of aspects of family background, such as family income and parental education, on the educational attainment of persons born from 1967 to 1972. Family income is measured at different periods ...
    • Edutainment and entrepreneurship : a field experiment on youth in Tanzania 

      Jørgensen, Mari Berg; Tønsberg, Marianne Norman (Master thesis, 2011)
      The aim of our thesis is to examine an innovative way to educate people in developing countries about business training. This paper analyses whether the edutainment show Ruka Juu, broadcasted in Tanzania in the spring ...
    • The Effect of Gender-Targeted Transfers: Experimental Evidence From India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Somville, Vincent; Vanderwalle, Lore (DP SAM;16/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      Women are the primary recipients of many welfare programs around the world. Despite frequent claims that targeting women induces beneficial consumption shifting and gender equality, the empirical evidence on the effect of ...
    • Effectiveness of a girls’ empowerment programme on early childbearing, marriage and school dropout among adolescent girls in rural Zambia: study protocol for a cluster randomized trial 

      Sandøy, Ingvild Fossgard; Mudenda, Mweetwa; Zulu, Joseph; Munsaka, Ecloss; Blystad, Astrid; Makasa, Mpundu; Mæstad, Ottar; Tungodden, Bertil; Jakobs, Choolwe; Kampata, Linda Milimo; Fylkesnes, Knut; Svanemyr, Joar; Moland, Karen Marie; Banda, Richard; Musonda, Patrick (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Background: Adolescent pregnancies pose a risk to the young mothers and their babies. In Zambia, 35% of young girls in rural areas have given birth by the age of 18 years. Pregnancy rates are particularly high among ...
    • The effects of different strategic variables in non-cooperative fisheries games 

      Ekerhovd, Nils-Arne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      In this paper we use stock size, harvest quantity and fishing effort, respectively, as strategic variables. We model a two agent (nations) non-cooperative fishery game, where the agents harvest a common fish stock. The ...
    • Effekten av digitale ordbøker i norsk skole: bedre språk eller tomme ord? 

      Haga, Fredrik; Stræte, Espen Thorsen (Master thesis, 2015)
      I denne oppgaven har vi forsøkt å finne ut om bruk av digitale ordbøker fra iFinger fører til bedre karakterer i språkfag i norsk skole. iFinger har blitt innført på videregående skoler og ungdomsskoler ved forskjell ...
    • Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards : the importance of exports 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
      A milk marketing board (MMB) is a well known instrument for regulating the markets for dairy products. MMBs are based on price discrimination, and receipts from sales are pooled so that the farmers receive a single price ...
    • Efficiency, equality and reciprocity in social preferences : a comparison of students and representative population 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Nygaard, Knut (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-11)
      The debate between Engelmann and Strobel (2004, 2006) and Fehr, Naef, and Schmidt (2006) highlights the important question of the extent to which lab experiments on student populations can serve to identify the motivational ...
    • Efficient (re-)scheduling : an auction approach 

      Strandenes, Siri Pettersen; Wolfstetter, Elmar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-10)
      This paper considers one-sided scheduling problems, where a schedule of service is arranged at one location, without regard to other schedules. Typically, such scheduling problems are handled on a first-come-firstserve basis, ...
    • Eksempelets makt : eksterne effekter av lederkompensasjon 

      Berntsen, Ragnhild; Thon, Kristina (Master thesis, 2013)
      Målet med denne masterutredningen er å undersøke om bruk av lederkompensasjon kan fortrenge andres motivasjon. Kompensasjon kan være et nødvendig virkemiddel for å tiltrekke seg ressurssterke kandidater til lederrollen, ...