Now showing items 409-428 of 812

    • The Labor Market in Norway: 2000-2018 

      Nilsen, Øivind A. (DP SAM;04/2020, Working paper, 2020-04-06)
      Norway has a rather high labor force participation rate and a very low unemployment rate. Part of the reason for this fortunate situation is the so-called “tripartism”: a broad agreement among unions, employers and government ...
    • Langturnus i helsevesenet : en studie for å avdekke hvordan langturnus fungerer i pleie- og omsorgssektoren i Bergen kommune 

      Abbedissen, Katrine; Mannsverk, Katrine (Master thesis, 2016)
      Etterspørselen etter arbeidskraft i helse- og omsorgssektoren er et økende problem ettersom man står ovenfor en aldrende befolkning. Samtidig er dette en sektor med en svært høy andel deltidsansatte. For å oppnå effektiv ...
    • Leadership and incentives 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion Papers;2/2014, Working paper, 2014-01)
      We study how leader compensation affects public goods provision. We report from a lab experiment with four treatments, where the base treatment was a standard public goods game with simultaneous contribution decisions, ...
    • Leadership and incentives 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;10/2013, Working paper, 2013-04)
      We study whether compensating people who volunteer to be leaders in a public goods game creates a social crowding-out effect of moral motivation among the others in the group. We report from an experiment with four ...
    • Legitimacy under dual moralities 

      Schøyen, Øivind (Doctoral thesis, 2018-06)
      This dissertation is about the dynamics that may arise when actors seek to socialize others into their moralities, interpret whether moralities, or selfish motives, motivate actions, or enforce their views of what is ...
    • The liberal egalitarian paradox 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      A liberal egalitarian theory of justice seeks to combine the values of equality, personal freedom and personal responsibility. It is considered a much more promising position than strict egalitarianism, because it supposedly ...
    • Liberal Resourcism: Problems and Possibilities 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Vallentyne, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      A basic question for egalitarians is the “equality of what?” question. This is an instance of the more general “distribution of what?” question for distributive justice. The question is of great importance both for ...
    • Licensing and Innovation with Imperfect Contract Enforcement 

      Gilbert, Richard; Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard (Discussion paper;05/15, Working paper, 2015-03)
      Licensing promotes technology transfer and innovation, but enforcement of licensing contracts is often imperfect. We explore the implications of weak enforcement of contractual commitments on the licensing conduct of ...
    • Licensing technology and foreclosure 

      Clark, Derek J.; Foros, Øystein; Sand, Jan Yngve (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      We consider an industry where one firm with a superior technology competes for market shares with several rivals. The owner of the superior technology (the dominant firm) can license or transfer the source of its ...
    • Life cycle earnings, education premiums and internal rates of return 

      Bhuller, Manudeep; Mogstad, Magne; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;24/2014, Working paper, 2014-06)
      What do the education premiums look like over the life cycle? What is the impact of schooling on lifetime earnings? How does the internal rate of return compare with opportunity cost of funds? To what extent do progressive ...
    • Life-cycle and intergenerational effects of child care reforms 

      Chan, Marc K; Liu, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Life-cycle bias and the returns to schooling in current and lifetime earnings 

      Bhuller, Manudeep; Mogstad, Magne; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-02)
    • Life-cycle patterns in male/female differences in job search 

      Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-01)
      We investigate whether women search longer for a job than men and whether these differences change over the life cycle. Our empirical analysis exploits German register data on highly attached displaced workers. We apply ...
    • Like father, like son? : a note on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      More able parents tend to have more able children. While few would question the validity of this statement, there is little large-scale evidence on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores. Using a larger and more ...
    • Local autonomy and interregional equality : fiscal equalization with balanced budgets 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      This paper contributes to the literature on fiscal equalization in three ways. First, it shows how two important types of transfer schemes, the foundation grant and the power equalization grant, can be seen as two ...
    • Long-Term Consequences of Access to Well-child Visits. 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Løken, Katrine V.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (SAM;29/2015, Working paper, 2015-12-02)
      A growing literature documents the positive long-term effects of policy-induced improvements in early-life health and nutrition. However, there is still scarce evidence on early-life health programs targeting a large share ...
    • Losers, winners and prisoner's dilemma in international subsidy wars 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      Two central results in the strategic trade literature are that governments shall support winners and that there is a policy prisoner dilemma in international subsidy wars (i.e.: countries have incentives to support local ...
    • Losing heart? : the effect of job displacement on health 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;26/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
      Job reallocation is considered to be a key characteristic of well-functioning labor markets, as more productive firms grow and less productive ones contract or close. However, despite its potential benefits for the ...
    • Losing in a Boom: Long-term Consequences of a Local Economic Shock for Female Labour Market Outcomes 

      Bennett, Patrick; Ravetti, Chiara; Wong, Po Yin (DP SAM;03/2020, Working paper, 2020-02)
      This paper examines the long-term labour market consequences of a positive economic shock, the first discovery of oil and gas in Norway. Existing studies focus on the short-term and men, while less is known about women and ...
    • Luck, choice and responsibility 

      Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Mollerstrom, Johanna (Discussion paper;6/2014, Working paper, 2014-03)
      We conduct a laboratory experiment where third-party spectators can redistribute resources between two agents, thereby offsetting the consequences of controllable and uncontrollable luck. Some spectators go to the limits ...