Now showing items 757-776 of 812

    • A U-shaped Europe? : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-09)
      This paper uses a full-scale CGE-model - calibrated on 1992 data - to investigate the effects of European integration on the location of industrial production. Our results reveal large differences among individual ...
    • Uncertainty in the theory of public finance 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-09)
      This paper discusses the role that the economics of uncertainty has played in the theory of public finance. From being mostly concerned with its choice-theoretic foundations in the 1950s and ‘60s, the theory of expected ...
    • Under pressure? : the effect of peers on outcomes of young adults 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Devereux, Paul J.; Black, Sandra E. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-05)
      A variety of public campaigns, including the “Just Say No” campaign of the 1980s and 1990s that encouraged teenagers to “Just Say No to Drugs”, are based on the premise that teenagers are very susceptible to peer influences. ...
    • Understanding the Decline in Private Sector Unionization: A Skill-based Approach 

      Dodini, Samuel; Lovenheim, Michael; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;07/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
      Private-sector unionization rates have fallen precipitously in the United States over the past half century, from 25% in 1973 to only 7% in 2018. We take a skill-based approach to studying this decline, using data from the ...
    • Unemployment shocks, cyclical prices and shopping behavior 

      Aursland, Thor Andreas; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;03/2021, Working paper, 2021-01)
      We use rich data from Norway’s biggest grocery chain to show how households and grocery stores react to changing economic conditions. We exploit the regional nature of a recession following the drop in the oil price in ...
    • Unionized oligopoly, trade liberalization and location choice 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Meland, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      In a two-country reciprocal dumping model, with one country unionized, we analyze how wage setting and firm location are influenced by trade liberalization. We show that trade liberalization can induce FDI, which is at ...
    • Universal Childcare for the Youngest and the Maternal Labour Supply 

      Kunze, Astrid; Liu, Xingfei (DP SAM;03/2019, Working paper, 2019-02)
      In this paper, we investigate whether the expansion of childcare leads to an increase in the female labour supply. We measure female labour supply at both the extensive and intensive margin. For identification, we exploit ...
    • Upstream merger in a successive oligopoly : who pays the price? 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars; Ulsaker, Simen A. (Discussion Papers;17/2013, Working paper, 2013-12)
      This study develops and uses a successive oligopoly model, with an unobservable non-linear tariff between upstream and downstream firms, to analyze the possible anti-competitive effects of an upstream merger. We find ...
    • Using exogenous tax variation to identify the effect of municipalities’ financial condition on the integration outcome of refugees in Norway. 

      Guthe, Nora Kathrine; Solberg, Lene Bonesmo (Master thesis, 2016)
      The inflow of refugees to Europe in the past few years has motivated us to study the outcome of integration of refugees. The Norwegian settlement policy of refugees implies that refugees are assigned to municipalities ...
    • Using survey data of inflation expectations in the estimation of learning and rational expectations models 

      Ormeño, Arturo; Molnár, Krisztina (Discussion paper;20/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      Does survey data contain useful information for estimating macroeconomic models? We address this question by using survey data of inflation expectations to estimate the New Keynesian model by Smets and Wouters (2007) and ...
    • Using the Helmert-transformation to reduce dimensionality in a mixed model: Application to a wage equation with worker and firm heterogeneity 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Skjerpen, Terje (Discussion Papers;11/2011, Working paper, 2011-07)
    • Utility analysis, luxuries and risk : a critical comment 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      This note questions the analysis of Diacon (2006) in the June issue of Economics Letters. It points at a misinterpretation and claims that the conclusion—that the presence of luxuries may make people love income gambles ...
    • Value chains for primary goods: from wild to farmed fish 

      Tveterås, Sigbjørn (Doctoral thesis, 2003)
    • The value of equality 

      Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      Over the years, egalitarian philosophers have made some challenging claims about the nature of egalitarianism. They have argued that the Rawlsian leximin principle is not an egalitarian idea; that egalitarian reasoning ...
    • Vaporware 

      Choi, Jay Pil; Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard; Nahm, Jae (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-09)
      It is a widely adopted practice for firms to announce new products well in advance of actual market availability, especially in the computer industry. This practice of preannouncement often has been derisively referred to ...
    • Variations in the price and quality of English grain, 1750-1914: quantitative evidence and empirical implications. 

      Brunt, Liam; Cannon, Edmund (Discussion paper;06/15, Working paper, 2015-03)
      Interpretation of historic grain price data may be hazardous owing to systematic grain quality variation – both cross sectionally and over varying time horizons (intra-year, inter-year, long run). We use the English wheat ...
    • Vindkraft og vannkraft : Norge som kraftbatteri for Europa? 

      Hope, Einar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Vil det være samfunnsøkonomisk lønnsomt for Norge å investere i flere overføringsforbindelser av kraft til utlandet for derved å utnytte produksjonsegenskapene ved norsk vannkraft til i større grad å fungere som et ...
    • Viscosity and dispersion in an evolutionary model of learning 

      Kolstad, Ivar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-03)
      A two-population evolutionary model of learning is proposed where there is a conflict of interests between populations, and where interaction ranges from complete viscosity to complete dispersion. The long run stochastically ...
    • Vocational training and gender : wages and occupational mobility among young workers 

      Fitzenberger, Bernd; Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-08)
      This paper investigates the relationship between the gender wage gap, the choice of training occupation, and occupational mobility. We use longitudinal data for young workers with apprenticeship training in West Germany. ...
    • Wage dips and drops around first birth 

      Kunze, Astrid; Ejrnæs, Mette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-01)
      We use a rich longitudinal data set for West Germany to disentangle the wage effects for female workers around first birth. Data on daily real wages reveal a dip in women’s real wages shortly before giving birth and a ...