• EU integration and outsiders : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Baldwin, Richard E.; Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-02)
      This paper focuses on the location effects of preferential trade areas (PTA) on non-members. More specifically, using a CGE model calibrated to real data, it focuses on the impact of tighter European integration on ...
    • Price discrimination and three part tariffs in a duopoly 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-03)
      The paper studies how second degree price discrimination can be implemented in a duopoly with differentiated products. Two firms serve consumers having heterogeneous willingness to pay for the good, willingness to pay ...
    • Assessing the effects of early retirement programs 

      Bratberg, Espen; Holmås, Tor Helge; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-04)
      We investigate induced retirement effects of the Norwegian early retirement program ”AFP” and emphasize effects caused by relocations of some individuals from disability pension to AFP. Our theoretical model predicts ...
    • Merger profitability in unionized oligopoly 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Straume, Odd Rune; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-05)
      We examine how a merger affects wages of unionized labour and, in turn, the profitability of a merger under both Cournot and Bertrand competition. If unions are plant-specific, we find that a merger is more profitable ...
    • TV advertising, programming investments, and product-market oligopoly 

      Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      We present a model of the TV-advertising market that encompasses both the product markets and the market for TV programs. We argue that the TV industry has several idiosyncratic characteristics that need to be modeled, ...
    • Private labels, price rivalry, and public policy 

      Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      The article examines how the existence of a retailer owned brand, private label, affects the price setting of a national brand. We find that the potential for a private label introduction may lead to price concessions ...
    • Does the tax system encourage too much education? 

      Alstadsæter, Annette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-07)
      The Nordic countries have dual income taxation, with a proportional tax on capital income and a progressive tax on labour income. Nielsen and Sørensen (1997) argue that this asymmetric treatment of the two types of income ...
    • Social security reforms and early retirement 

      Fehr, Hans; Sterkeby, Wenche Irén; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-09)
      In order to stimulate labor market participation and improve the financial viability of the social security systems, many recent reform proposals in various OECD economies suggest to scale down the non-actuarial parts ...
    • Multinational firms : easy come, easy go? 

      Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Ian, Wooton (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      Although many countries welcome inward investments by multinational firms (MNEs), it is often perceived that MNEs readily close down production in bad times. We study the choice of an MNE in deciding whether to establish ...
    • Comparative advantage and economic geography : estimating the location of production in the EU 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Overman, Henry G.; Venables, Anthony J. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      We develop and econometrically estimate a model of the location of industries across countries. The model combines factor endowments and geographical considerations, and shows how industry and country characteristics ...
    • To peg or not to peg? : a simple model of exchange rate regime choice in small economies 

      Berger, Helge; Jensen, Henrik; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      The choice of an exchange rate peg often points to a trade-off between gaining credibility and losing flexibility. We show that the flexibility loss may be reduced if domestic and foreign shocks are correlated and more ...
    • Two-part pricing, consumer heterogeneity and Cournot competition 

      Jensen, Sissel; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      We analyze two-part tariffs in an oligopoly, where each firm commits to a quantity and a fixed fee prior to the determination of unit prices. In the case of homogeneous consumers, Harrison and Kline (2001) showed that the ...
    • Essays on financial integration and international risk sharing 

      Matsen, Egil (Doctoral thesis, 2001)
    • Two part tariffs with partial product bundling 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      When a firm operates in an industry with very large differences in consumers' willingness to pay for the service it offers, it faces a challenge in the pricing decision. It wants to engage in price discrimination, but ...
    • Explicit and implicit incentives in fund management 

      Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-01)
      Fund managers compete to attract new investors. Competition and fund management contracts provide implicit and explicit incentives for fund management. I study the combined effect of these two types of incentives on i) ...
    • Bridging the tax-expenditure gap : green taxes and the marginal cost of funds 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-02)
      The marginal cost of public funds is usually seen as a number greater than one, reflecting the efficiency cost of distortionary taxes. But economic intuition suggests that since green taxes are efficiency-enhancing the ...
    • Is mobility of technical personnel a source of R&D spillovers? 

      Møen, Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Labor mobility is often considered to be an important source of knowledge externalities, making it difficult for firms to appropriate returns to R&D investments. In this paper, I argue that inter-firm transfers of knowledge ...