Now showing items 123-142 of 657

    • Do Fossil fuel Taxes Promote Innovation in Renewable Electricity Generation? 

      Lazkano, Itziar; Pham, Linh (DP SAM;16/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
      We evaluate the role of a fossil fuel tax and research subsidy in directing innovation from fossil fuel toward renewable energy technologies in the electricity sector. Using a global firm-level electricity patent database ...
    • Do Generous Parental Leave Policies Help Top Female Earners? 

      Corekcioglu, Gozde; Francesconi, Marco; Kunze, Astrid (DP SAM;07/2020, Working paper, 2020-05)
      Generous government-mandated parental leave is generally viewed as an effective policy to support women’s careers around childbirth. But does it help women to reach top positions in the upper pay echelon of their firms? ...
    • Do Koopmans’ postulates lead to discounted utilitarianism? 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Asheim, Geir B. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      In this paper we consider variations of Koopmans’ (1960) postulates and demonstrate that these lead to a class of social preferences that is wider than discounted utilitarianism. We formulate a utilitiarian condition ...
    • Do non-enforceable contracts matter? Evidence from an international lab experiment 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hagen, Rune Jansen; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;2/2012, Working paper, 2012-02)
      Many verifiable contracts are impossible or difficult to enforce. This applies to contracts among family and friends, contracts regulating market transactions, and sovereign debt contracts. Do such non-enforceable contracts ...
    • Do prices reflect short-term output fluctuations? : empirical evidence from a small open raw material based economy 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Hunnes, Arngrim (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-01)
      Within the framework of Keynesian economic theory it is widely taken for granted that short term output fluctuations are mirrored in corresponding fluctuations in prices. By examining data on prices and output for a small ...
    • Do slotting allowances harm retail competition? 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-09)
      Slotting allowances are fees paid by manufacturers to get access to retailers’ shelf space. Both in the USA and Europe, the use of slotting allowances has attracted attention in the general press as well as among policy ...
    • Do Treatment Decisions Depend on Physicians` Financial Incentives? 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Holmås, Tor Helge; Karin, Monstad; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;15/15, Working paper, 2015-07)
      We study whether and how physicians respond to financial incentives, making use of detailed register data on the health-care services provided to patients by general practitioners (GPs) in Norway over a six-year period ...
    • Does grief transfer across generations? In-utero deaths and child outcomes 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;23/2014, Working paper, 2014-06)
      While much is now known about the effects of physical health shocks to pregnant women on the outcomes of the in-utero child, we know little about the effects of psychological stresses. One clear form of stress to the ...
    • Does increasing inequality threaten social stability? Evidence from the lab 

      Barr, Abigail; Hochleitner, Anna; Sonderegger, Silvia (DP SAM;02/2024, Working paper, 2024-03)
      We study the relationship between inequality and social instability. While the argument that inequality can be damaging for the cohesion of a society is well established, the empirical evidence is mixed. We use a novel ...
    • Does Increasing Risk Widen Gender Gaps? 

      Hirshman, Samuel D.; Willén, Alexander (SAM DP;20/2022, Working paper, 2022-12)
      We examine the response to an exogenous change in the risk profile of an important educational choice – requesting a regrade. We demonstrate how ostensibly gender-neutral policies can generate gaps across men and women ...
    • Does Reference Pricing Drive Out Generic Competition in Pharmaceutical Markets? Evidence from a Policy Reform 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Canta, Chiara; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;11/15, Working paper, 2015-06)
      In this paper we study the impact of reference pricing (RP) on entry of generic firms in the pharmaceutical market. For given prices, RP increases generic firms' expected profit, but since RP also stimulates price ...
    • Does the tax system encourage too much education? 

      Alstadsæter, Annette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-07)
      The Nordic countries have dual income taxation, with a proportional tax on capital income and a progressive tax on labour income. Nielsen and Sørensen (1997) argue that this asymmetric treatment of the two types of income ...
    • Does Wealth Reduce Support for Redistribution? Evidence from an Ethiopian Housing Lottery 

      Andersen, Asbjørn G; Franklin, Simon; Tigabu, Getahun; Kotsadam, Andreas; Somville, Vincent; Villanger, Espen (DP SAM;18/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      We provide causal evidence of how an increase in wealth affects support for redistribution and beliefs about the causes of poverty. Exploiting the variation in wealth created by an Ethiopian housing lottery, we show that ...
    • Does Your Doctor Matter? Doctor Quality and Patient Outcomes 

      Ginja, Rita; Riise, Julie; Willage, Barton; Willén, Alexander (SAM DP;08/2022, Working paper, 2022-06)
      We estimate doctor value-added and provide evidence on the distribution of physician quality in an entire country, combining rich population-wide register data with random assignment of patients to general practitioners ...
    • Domestic labour markets and foreign direct investment 

      Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Wooton, Ian (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-06)
      We study how the labour market and industry uncertainty affect the investment decisions of multinational enterprises (MNEs). In an uncertain business climate, MNEs must take account of the future in deciding where to ...
    • Domestic Violence and the Mental Health and Well-being of Victims and Their Children 

      Bhuller, Manudeep; Gorden, B. Dahl; Løken, Katrine V.; Mogstad, Magne (SAM DP;21/2022, Working paper, 2021-12-14)
      Almost one third of women worldwide report some form of physical or sexual violence by a partner in their lifetime, yet little is known about the mental health and well-being effects for either victims or their children. ...
    • The dual income tax and firms’ income shifting through the choice of organizational form and real capital investments 

      Alstadsæter, Annette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      The dual income tax provides the self-employed entrepreneur with huge incentives to participate in tax minimizing income shifting to have more of his income taxed as capital income. The Norwegian split model is designed ...
    • Dynamics of First-Time Patenting Firms 

      Nilsen, Øivind A.; Raknerud, Arvid (SAM DP;11/2022, Working paper, 2022-08)
      This paper investigates firm dynamics in the period before, during, and after an event consisting of a first published patent application. The analysis is based on patent data from the Norwegian Industrial Property Office ...
    • Economic growth and purchasing power parities in the Nordic countries 1830-1910 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      The present paper examines new estimates of GDP for the five Nordic countries 1830-1910 in terms of economic growth and purchasing power parities. It concludes that significant economic growth took place during the period. ...
    • Economic integration and redistributive taxation 

      Haufler, Andreas; Klemm, Alexander; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-04)
      We set up a simple political economy model where economic integration raises the profitability of multinational firms. In this setting redistributive taxation may rise following economic integration, if the effects of ...