Now showing items 210-229 of 576

    • Healthy(?), Wealthy, and Wise Birth Order and Adult Health. 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (SAM;03/2016, Working paper, 2016-02-12)
      While recent research finds strong evidence that birth order affects children’s outcomes such as education, IQ scores, and earnings, the evidence for effects on health is more limited. This paper uses a large dataset on ...
    • Heterogeneity in fairness views - a challenge to the mutualistic approach? 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;7/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      This commentary argues that the observed heterogeneity in fairness views, documented in many economic experiments, poses a challenge to the partner choice theory developed by Baumard, André and Sperber. It also discusses ...
    • The historical relation between banking, insurance and economic 

      Adams, Mike; Andersson, Jonas; Andersson, Lars-Fredrik; Lindmark, Magnus (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005)
      We examine empirically the dynamic historical relation between banking, insurance economic (income) growth in Sweden using time-series data from 1830 to 1998. We examine long-run historical trends in the data using ...
    • Horizontal mergers and product quality 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;4/2014, Working paper, 2014-02)
      Using a spatial competition framework with three ex ante identical firms, we study the effects of a horizontal merger on quality, price and welfare. The merging firms always reduce quality. They also increase prices if ...
    • Hospital competition and quality with regulated prices 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Straume, Odd Rune; Siciliani, Luigi (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-02)
      We analyse the effect of competition on quality in hospital markets with regulated prices, considering both the effect of free patient choice (monopoly versus competition) and increased competition through lower transportation ...
    • Hospital Competition in the National Health Service: Evidence from a Patient Choice Reform 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Chiara, Canta; Luigi, Siciliani; Straume, Odd Rune (DP SAM;28/2018, Working paper, 2018-12)
      We study the impact of exposing hospitals in a National Health Service (NHS) to non-price competition by exploiting a patient choice reform in Norway in 2001. The reform facilitates a difference-in-difference research ...
    • Hospital competition with soft budgets 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;6/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      We study the incentives for hospitals to provide quality and expend cost-reducing effort when their budgets are soft, i.e., the payer may cover deficits or confiscate surpluses. The basic set up is a Hotelling model with ...
    • Hospital mergers : a spatial competition approach 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;8/2013, Working paper, 2013-04)
      Using a spatial competition framework with three ex ante identical hospitals, we study the effects of a hospital merger on quality, price and welfare. The merging hospitals always reduce quality, but the non-merging hospital ...
    • Hospital mergers with regulated prices 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;21/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      We study the effects of a hospital merger using a spatial competition framework with semialtruistic hospitals that invest in quality and expend cost-containment effort facing regulated prices. We find that the merging ...
    • Household bargaining and spending on children: Experimental evidence from Tanzania. 

      Ringdal, Charlotte; Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (DP SAM;19/2017, Working paper, 2017-10)
      It is frequently assumed that money in the hands of women leads to better out-comes for their children than money in the hands of men. However, empirical and theoretical evidence are mixed. We conduct a novel between-subject ...
    • Households’ responses to price changes of formal childcare. 

      Andersland, Leroy; Nilsen, Øivind A. (DP SAM; 20, Working paper, 2016-12)
      The current understanding about how households respond to price changes in formal childcare is not extensive. This study examines this response through a 1998 reform in Norway that introduced a money transfer to families ...
    • How destructive is creative destruction? : the costs of worker displacement 

      Huttunen, Kristiina; Møen, Jarle; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-03)
      We analyze the long-term effects of worker displacement using a large administrative matched employer–employee database spanning throughout the entire Norwegian economy. Our focus is on prime-age male manufacturing sector ...
    • How do political and economic institutions affect each other? 

      Braunfels, Elias (Discussion paper;19/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      This paper provides evidence for the mutually reinforcing relation of political and economic institutions. To overcome problems of endogeneity I utilize lag instruments within a GMM framework for dynamic panel data. ...
    • How does monetary policy respond to exchange rate movements? : new international evidence 

      Bjørnland, Hilde Christiane; Halvorsen, Jørn Inge (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-10)
      This paper analyzes how monetary policy responds to exchange rate movements in open economies, paying particular attention to the interaction between monetary policy and exchange rate movements. We address this issue ...
    • How middle-men can undermine anti-corruption reforms 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Torsvik, Gaute; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      The anti-corruption reform in the Tanzanian tax bureaucracy in the mid-1990s was apparently a short-lived success. In the wake of the reform, a number of “tax experts” established themselves in the market, many of them ...
    • How much does anticipation matter? Evidence from anticipated regulation and land prices. 

      Boskovic, Branko; Nøstbakken, Linda (SAM;9/2016, Working paper, 2016-05-23)
      Land prices across administrative boundaries can be useful for estimating the causal effects of local policy. Market anticipation about potential boundary changes can confound identification, so studies often avoid markets ...
    • How Strong are Ethnic Preferences? 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Galle, Simon; Miguel, Edward; Posner, Daniel; Tungodden, Bertil; Zhang, Kelly (SAM;26/2015, Working paper, 2015-11-13)
      Ethnic divisions have been shown to adversely affect economic performance and political stability, especially in Africa, but the underlying reasons remain contested, with multiple mechanisms potentially playing a role. We ...
    • Human and financial capital for microenterprise development : evidence from a field and lab experiment 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-01)
    • Hump-shaped cross-price effects and the extensive margin in cross-border shopping 

      Friberg, Richard; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;29/2018, Working paper, )
      This paper examines the effect of cross-border shopping on grocery demand in Norway using monthly storexcategory sales data from Norway’s largest grocery chain 2011-2016. The sensitivity of demand to foreign price is ...
    • Hump-shaped cross-price effects and the extensive margin in cross-border shopping 

      Friberg, Richard; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;20/2019, Working paper, 2019-09-23)
      This paper examines the effect of cross-border shopping on grocery demand in Norway using monthly store×category sales data from Norway’s largest grocery chain 2011-2016. The sensitivity of demand to foreign price is ...