Now showing items 383-402 of 576

    • Price and quality in spatial competition 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-07)
      We study the relationship between competition and quality within a spatial competition framework where firms compete in prices and quality. We generalise existing literature on spatial price-quality competition along ...
    • Price Changes - Stickiness and Internal Coordination in Multiproduct Firms. 

      Letterie, Wilko; Nilsen, Øivind A. (DP SAM;21, Working paper, 2016-12)
      We assess empirically the micro-foundations of producers’ sticky pricing behaviour. We account for various functional forms of menu costs. The focus is on the analysis of multiproduct plants, and the menu costs therefore ...
    • Price discrimination and three part tariffs in a duopoly 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-03)
      The paper studies how second degree price discrimination can be implemented in a duopoly with differentiated products. Two firms serve consumers having heterogeneous willingness to pay for the good, willingness to pay ...
    • The price of decentralisation 

      Norman, Eva Benedicte Danielsen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-07)
      This paper develops a model for analysing problems related to centralisation and decentralisation. The model is of the new economic geography type, in which there are agglomeration gains in cities but not in rural areas. ...
    • Price patterns resulting from different producer behavior in spatial equilibrium 

      Mathiesen, Lars (Discussion paper;5/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      We are concerned with economic analyses of markets from the perspective of supporting a decision maker selling in the market. The competitive pressure and the price formation are central issues. The goal of this paper ...
    • Price stability and inflation persistence during the international gold standard : the Scandinavian case 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Hunnes, Arngrim (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-06)
      In the 1870s the three Scandinavian countries Denmark, Norway and Sweden formed the Scandinavian Currency Union. Both the adoption of gold and the monetary union were supposed to lead to price stability in and between ...
    • Price-dependent profit sharing as an escape from the Bertrand paradox 

      Foros, Øystein; Hagen, Kåre Petter; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      In this paper we show how an upstream firm can prevent destructive competition among downstream firms producing relatively close substitutes by implementing a price-dependent profit-sharing rule. The rule also ensures ...
    • Price-dependent profit-sharing as a channel coordination device 

      Foros, Øystein; Hagen, Kåre Petter; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-07)
      We show how an upstream firm by using a price-dependent profit-sharing rule can prevent destructive competition between downstream firms that produce relatively close substitutes. With this rule the upstream firm induces ...
    • Pricing of an interruptible service with financial compensation and rational expectations 

      Schroyen, Fred; Oyenuga, Adekola Oludolapo (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-08)
      This paper proposes a pricing framework that combines the occurrence of supply interruptions with financial compensations. Consumers post ex ante demands for a designated period. These demands are met if ex post supply ...
    • Private labels, price rivalry, and public policy 

      Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      The article examines how the existence of a retailer owned brand, private label, affects the price setting of a national brand. We find that the potential for a private label introduction may lead to price concessions ...
    • Pro-poor price trends and inequality - the case of India. 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders (SAM;01/2016, Working paper, 2016-02-08)
      It is well known that people's consumption patterns change with income. Relative price changes therefore affect rich and poor consumers differently. Yet, the standard price indices are not income-specific and hence, the ...
    • Productivity and Firm Selection: Quantifying the "New" Gains from Trade 

      Corcos, Gregory; Del Gatto, Massimo; Mion, Giordano; Ottaviano, Gianmarco I. P. (Discussion Papers;17/2011, Working paper, 2011-09)
      We discuss how standard computable equilibrium models of trade policy can be enriched with selection effects. This is achieved by estimating and simulating a partial equilibrium model that accounts for a number of real ...
    • Property rights and economic growth: evidence from a natural experiment 

      Brunt, Liam (Discussion Papers;20/2011, Working paper, 2011-11)
      In 1795 the British took control of the Cape colony (South Africa) from the Dutch; and in 1843 they exogenously changed the legal basis of landholding, giving more secure property rights to landholders. Since endowments ...
    • Public goods and Pigouvian taxes 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-07)
      This paper consists of the text of two articles prepared for the second edition of the New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics. The first article provides a mathematical and diagrammatic exposition of the theory of public ...
    • Public goods production and private sector productivity 

      Norman, Eva Benedicte Danielsen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-07)
      In this paper we study how the use of resources in the public sector affects industrial structure, the size and the productivity in knowledge-intensive clusters in local communities. We also discuss how these considerations ...
    • Public provision and private incentives 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-09)
      This paper surveys classical and modern arguments for public production and provision of goods. It reviews the conventional case for public production under conditions of increasing returns and discusses the modifications ...
    • Public R&D Support and Firms’ Performance A Panel Data Study. 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Iancu, Diana-Cristina (DP SAM;13/2018, Working paper, 2018-06)
      We analyse all the major sources of direct and indirect R&D subsidies in Norway in the period 2002-2013 and compare their effects on individual firms’ performance. Firms that received support are matched with a control ...
    • Public versus private health care in a national health service 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-08)
      This paper studies the interplay between public and private health care in a National Health Service. We consider a two-stage game, where at stage one a Health Authority sets the public sector wage and a subsidy to (or ...
    • Pupil achievement, school resources and family background 

      Hægeland, Torbjørn; Raaum, Oddbjørn; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      Whether increasing resource use in schools has a positive effect on pupil performance has occupied governments, parents and researchers for decades. A main challenge when trying to answer this question is to separate the ...
    • Puritan Motivation for Serial Entrepreneurship: The Haugean Example 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;12/2020, Working paper, 2020-08)
      It is well known that protestant and puritan environments historically have fostered entrepreneurs. This paper looks at serial entrepreneurship which took place in Norway in the 19th century in networks led by the puritan ...