Now showing items 597-616 of 657

    • TV advertising, programming investments, and product-market oligopoly 

      Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      We present a model of the TV-advertising market that encompasses both the product markets and the market for TV programs. We argue that the TV industry has several idiosyncratic characteristics that need to be modeled, ...
    • Two centuries of economic growth: Norwegian GDP 1816-2020 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;10/2020, Working paper, 2020-06)
      Existing historical GDP series for Norway do not always coincide with our historical knowledge of the economic development. This is to a large extent a result of lack of calculations from the production side and in addition ...
    • Two hegemonies – two technological regimes : American and Norwegian whaling in the 19th and 20th Century 

      Basberg, Bjørn L. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-09)
      The 19th century whaling industry was dominated by the United States while the 20th century industry had its origins in Norway and was dominated for years by that nation. The focus of the paper, is to explore the ...
    • Two part tariffs with partial product bundling 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      When a firm operates in an industry with very large differences in consumers' willingness to pay for the service it offers, it faces a challenge in the pricing decision. It wants to engage in price discrimination, but ...
    • Two-part pricing, consumer heterogeneity and Cournot competition 

      Jensen, Sissel; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      We analyze two-part tariffs in an oligopoly, where each firm commits to a quantity and a fixed fee prior to the determination of unit prices. In the case of homogeneous consumers, Harrison and Kline (2001) showed that the ...
    • Two-part tariffs with partial unbundling 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      The paper explores second degree price discrimination in a multidimensional good context. There are two types of consumers with demand described by a two-dimensional vector, a quantity dimension and a service attribute ...
    • Two-part tariffs with quality degradation 

      Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-03)
      There is a gap between the recommendations of the theory of second degree price discrimination and the practices of firms that target consumer segments with varying willingness to pay with two or more distinct tar- iffs. ...
    • Two-part tariffs, consumer heterogeneity and Cournot competition 

      Jensen, Sissel; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      We analyze two-part tariffs in oligopoly, where each firm commits to a certain quantity. The model is an extension of the one introduced in Har (2001). We show that their main results are reversed when the model is extended ...
    • The tyranny of non-aggregation versus the tyranny of aggregation in social choices : a real dilemma 

      Fleurbaey, Marc; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      Can a trifle gain to sufficiently many well-off justify imposing a much larger sacrifice on the worst-off? We show that if one answers negatively to such a question, one is forced to accept the maximin principle and give ...
    • A U-shaped Europe? : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-09)
      This paper uses a full-scale CGE-model - calibrated on 1992 data - to investigate the effects of European integration on the location of industrial production. Our results reveal large differences among individual ...
    • Uncertainty in the theory of public finance 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-09)
      This paper discusses the role that the economics of uncertainty has played in the theory of public finance. From being mostly concerned with its choice-theoretic foundations in the 1950s and ‘60s, the theory of expected ...
    • Under pressure? : the effect of peers on outcomes of young adults 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Devereux, Paul J.; Black, Sandra E. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-05)
      A variety of public campaigns, including the “Just Say No” campaign of the 1980s and 1990s that encouraged teenagers to “Just Say No to Drugs”, are based on the premise that teenagers are very susceptible to peer influences. ...
    • Underrepresentation, Quotas and Quality: A dynamic argument for reform 

      Arve, Malin; Valasek, Justin (SAM DP;08/2023, Working paper, 2023-05)
      The trade-off between increased representation and perceived quality is central to the debate on how to address underrepresentation in high-profile professions. We address this trade-off using a dynamic model of career ...
    • Understanding the Decline in Private Sector Unionization: A Skill-based Approach 

      Dodini, Samuel; Lovenheim, Michael; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;07/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
      Private-sector unionization rates have fallen precipitously in the United States over the past half century, from 25% in 1973 to only 7% in 2018. We take a skill-based approach to studying this decline, using data from the ...
    • Unemployment shocks, cyclical prices and shopping behavior 

      Aursland, Thor Andreas; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;03/2021, Working paper, 2021-01)
      We use rich data from Norway’s biggest grocery chain to show how households and grocery stores react to changing economic conditions. We exploit the regional nature of a recession following the drop in the oil price in ...
    • Unionized oligopoly, trade liberalization and location choice 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Meland, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      In a two-country reciprocal dumping model, with one country unionized, we analyze how wage setting and firm location are influenced by trade liberalization. We show that trade liberalization can induce FDI, which is at ...
    • Universal Childcare for the Youngest and the Maternal Labour Supply 

      Kunze, Astrid; Liu, Xingfei (DP SAM;03/2019, Working paper, 2019-02)
      In this paper, we investigate whether the expansion of childcare leads to an increase in the female labour supply. We measure female labour supply at both the extensive and intensive margin. For identification, we exploit ...
    • Unleveling the Playing Field? Experimental Evidence on Parents’ Willingness to Give Their Child an Advantage 

      Sund, Oda (DP SAM;21/2023, Working paper, 2023-12)
      Parents play a pivotal role in shaping the opportunities and outcomes of their children. This paper provides unique evidence on parents’ willingness to give their child an advantage. I report from a large-scale lab-in-the-field ...
    • Upstream merger in a successive oligopoly : who pays the price? 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars; Ulsaker, Simen A. (Discussion Papers;17/2013, Working paper, 2013-12)
      This study develops and uses a successive oligopoly model, with an unobservable non-linear tariff between upstream and downstream firms, to analyze the possible anti-competitive effects of an upstream merger. We find ...
    • Using survey data of inflation expectations in the estimation of learning and rational expectations models 

      Ormeño, Arturo; Molnár, Krisztina (Discussion paper;20/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      Does survey data contain useful information for estimating macroeconomic models? We address this question by using survey data of inflation expectations to estimate the New Keynesian model by Smets and Wouters (2007) and ...