Now showing items 70-89 of 657

    • Comparative advantage and economic geography : estimating the location of production in the EU 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Overman, Henry G.; Venables, Anthony J. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      We develop and econometrically estimate a model of the location of industries across countries. The model combines factor endowments and geographical considerations, and shows how industry and country characteristics ...
    • Comparative advantage or discrimination? : studying male-female wage differentials using displaced workers 

      Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-09)
      We examine differences in search behavior between men and women using data on displaced workers. We find that men and women have similar search duration once we limit our estimation to women with a constant number of ...
    • Comparing estimation methods for spatial econometrics techniques using R 

      Bivand, Roger S. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-10)
      Recent advances in spatial econometrics model fitting techniques have made it more desirable to be able to compare results and timings. Results should correspond between implementations using different applications, ...
    • The comparison between ad valorem and specific taxation under two-part tariffs 

      Schjelderup, Guttorm; Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-06)
      In this paper, we compare ad valorem and specific taxation under heterogeneous demand when a monopolist offers a menu of two-part tariffs. An increase in either tax rate leads to a higher usage fee for all consumers, whereas ...
    • A comparison of optimal tax policies when compensation or responsibility matter 

      Jacquet, Laurence; Van de gaer, Dirk (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-08)
      This paper examines optimal redistribution in a model with high and low-skilled individuals with heterogeneous tastes for labor, that either work or not. With such double heterogeneity, it is well known that traditional ...
    • Competing for capital in a "lumpy" world 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-04)
    • Competing with precision: incentives for developing predictive biomarker tests 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Dalen, Dag Morten; Straume, Odd Rune (SAM DP;06/2022, Working paper, 2022-03)
      We study the incentives of drug producers to develop predictive biomarkers, taking into account strategic interaction between drug producers and health plans. For this purpose we develop a two-dimensional spatial framework ...
    • Competition and Career Advancement: The Hidden Costs of Paid Leave 

      Johnsen, Julian; Ku, Hyejin; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;13/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      Does leave-taking matter for young workers’ careers? If so, why? We propose the competition effect—relative leave status of workers affecting their relative standing inside the firm—as a new explanation. Exploiting a policy ...
    • Competition and compatibility among Internet service providers 

      Foros, Øystein; Hansen, Bjørn (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      We consider a two-stage game between two competing Internet service providers(ISPs). The firms offer access to the Internet. Access is assumed to be vertically and horizontally differentiated. Our model exhibits network ...
    • Competition and physician behaviour: Does the competitive environment affect the propensity to issue sickness certificates? 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Holmås, Tor Helge; Monstad, Karin; Straume, Odd Rune (DP SAM;3, Working paper, 2017)
      Competition among physicians is widespread, but compelling empirical evidence on the impact on service provision is limited, mainly due to lack of exogenous variation in the degree of competition. In this paper we exploit ...
    • Competition and Price Discrimination in International Transportation 

      Ignatenko, Anna (DP SAM;06/2024, Working paper, 2024-05)
      This paper documents price discrimination by transport companies, revealing their market power. Larger shipments of similar products sharing a container receive lower prices. A trade model with non-linear pricing of ...
    • Competition and quality in regulated markets with sluggish demand 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Cellini, Roberto; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-08)
      We investigate the effect of competition on quality in regulated markets (e.g., health care, higher education, public utilities), using a Hotelling framework, in the presence of sluggish demand. We take a differential game ...
    • Competition and quality in regulated markets: a differential-game approach 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Straume, Odd Rune; Siciliani, Luigi; Cellini, Roberto (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-02)
      We investigate the effect of competition on quality in regulated markets (e.g., health care, higher education, public utilities) taking a differential game approach, in which quality is a stock variable. Using a Hotelling ...
    • Competition and risk taking in local bank markets: evidence from the business loans segment 

      Canta, Chiara; Nilsen, Øivind A.; Ulsaker, Simen A. (SAM DP;10/2023, Working paper, 2023-05-18)
      This paper studies empirically the relationship between competition and risk taking in banking markets. We exploit an unique dataset providing information about all bank loans to Norwegian firms over several years. Rather ...
    • Competition and waiting times in hospital markets 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-03)
      This paper studies the impact of hospital competition on waiting times. We use a Salop-type model, with hospitals that differ in (geographical) location and, potentially, waiting time, and two types of patients; high-benefit ...
    • Competition between bank regulators 

      Schindler, Dirk; Eggert, Wolfgang (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-11)
      This paper examines competition between bank regulators in open economies. We use a model where credit demand of firms is endogenous and show any tendency for downward competition in regulation policy is limited by the ...
    • Competitiveness, gender and handedness: a large-sample intercultural study 

      Buser, Thomas; Cappelen, Alexander; Gneezy, Uri; Hoffman, Moshe; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;02/2020, Working paper, 2020-01)
      We conduct a large-scale intercultural experiment to elicit competitiveness and ask whether individual and gender differences in competitiveness are partially determined by nature. We use being a “lefty” (i.e., having ...
    • Computing the Jacobian in spatial models : an applied survey 

      Bivand, Roger S. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-08)
      Despite attempts to get around the Jacobian in fitting spatial econometric models by using GMM and other approximations, it remains a central problem for maximum likelihood estimation. In principle, and for smaller data ...
    • The Consequences of Inequality: Beliefs and Redistributive Preferences 

      Lobeck, Max; Støstad, Morten Nyborg (DP SAM;17/2023, Working paper, 2023-10)
      What matters for individuals’ preferences for redistribution? In this paper we show that consequentialist beliefs about inequality – beliefs about how economic inequality changes the crime rate or the quality of democratic ...
    • Consumer price indices for the Scandinavian countries 1815-1913 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      The present article examines consumer price development in the three Scandinavian countries, Denmark, Norway and Sweden, 1815-1913. A consumer price index (CPI) is constructed for Norway. It is based on consumer prices ...