• A behaviour-based approach to the estimation of poverty in India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn; Somanathan, Rohini (Discussion paper;2/2013, Working paper, 2013-01)
      Since the late 1970s, the price indices underlying the poverty lines in India have been updated using aggregate indices. Widespread criticism of these indices led to the adoption of a new o cial methodology in 2011 based ...
    • Baby booming inequality?: demographic change and inequality in Norway, 1967-2004 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      We demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are because of changes in the age structure. In particular, we explore the hypothesis that the substantial ...
    • Cutthroat capitalism versus cuddly socialism: Are Americans more meritocratic and efficiency-seeking than Scandinavians? 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;18/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
      There is a striking difference in income inequality and redistributive policies between the United States and Scandinavia. To study whether there is a corresponding cross-country difference in social preferences, we ...
    • Fairness and family background 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;25/15, Working paper, 2015-10)
      Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect ...
    • Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;18/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people’s fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for ...
    • Global income inequality and cost-of-living adjustment : the Geary–Allen world accounts 

      Almås, Ingvild; Sørensen, Erik Ø. (Discussion paper;20/2012, Working paper, 2012-10)
      Standard ways of measuring real income are known to be inconsistent with consumer preferences. We provide preference-consistent estimates of real income, based on the income-specific price indices that are consistent ...
    • International income inequality : measuring PPP bias by estimating Engel curves for food 

      Almås, Ingvild (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-07)
      Price-adjusted data on national incomes applied in cross-country compar- isons are measured with bias. By studying micro data, this paper ¯nds that the bias is systematic: the poorer a country is, the more its income ...
    • Older or wealthier?: the impact of age adjustment on cross-sectional inequality measures 

      Almås, Ingvild; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-03)
      Differences in individual wealth holdings are widely viewed as a driving force of economic inequality. However, as this finding relies on cross-section data, a concern is that one confuses older with wealthier. We propose ...
    • Pro-poor price trends and inequality - the case of India. 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders (SAM;01/2016, Working paper, 2016-02-08)
      It is well known that people's consumption patterns change with income. Relative price changes therefore affect rich and poor consumers differently. Yet, the standard price indices are not income-specific and hence, the ...
    • Saving and Bequest in China: An Analysis of Intergenerational Exchange. 

      Almås, Ingvild; Freddi, Eleonora; Thøgersen, Øystein (SAM;10/2016, Working paper, 2016-05-31)
      Particularly high saving rates among the elderly in both rural and urban China call for an investigation of the involved bequest motive. Utilizing unique survey data from a diverse group of Chinese households, we document ...
    • The cost of living in China : implications for inequality and poverty 

      Almås, Ingvild; Johnsen, Åshild Auglænd (Discussion paper;21/2012, Working paper, 2012-11)
      China’s economic development in recent decades has been tremendous, but subject to debate. This paper calculates regional prices that make incomes comparable across both time and space using the Engel-curve approach. ...
    • Willingness to compete : family matters 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion Papers;03/2014, Working paper, 2014-01)
      This paper studies the role of family background in explaining differences in the willingness to compete. By combining data from a lab experiment conducted with a representative sample of adolescents in Norway and high ...
    • Willingness to compete in a gender equal society 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;24/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)