Now showing items 17-36 of 100

    • Dead Battery? Wind Power, the Spot Market, and Hydropower Interaction in the Nordic Electricity Market 

      Mauritzen, Johannes (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      It is well established within both the economics and power system engineering literature that hydropower can act as a complement to large amounts of intermittent energy. In particular hydropower can act as a “battery” where ...
    • Debt Shifting and Thin-Capitalization Rules – German Experience and Alternative Approaches 

      Ruf, Martin; Schindler, Dirk (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      This paper presents the general design of thin-capitalization rules and summarizes the economic effects of such rules as identified in theoretical models. We review empirical studies providing evidence on the experience ...
    • Diffusion of pharmaceuticals: cross-country evidence of anti-TNF drugs 

      Brekke, Kurt; Dalen, Dag Morten; Holmås, Tor Helge (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      This article studies the diffusion of biopharmaceuticals across European countries, focusing on anti-TNF drugs, which are used to treat autoimmune diseases (e.g., rheumatism, psoriasis). We use detailed sales information ...
    • Does fuel efficiency pay? Empirical evidence from the drybulk timecharter market revisited 

      Ådland, Roar Os; Alger, Harrison Marshall; Banyte, Justina; Jia, Haiying (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      The time charter market for ships represents a classical example of the principal-agent problem, where shipowners can opt to invest in energy efficient ships, yet any savings in fuel expenditures accrue to the charterers. ...
    • Duopolistic competition under risk aversion and uncertainty 

      Chronopoulos, Michail; De Reyck, Bert; Siddiqui, Afzal S. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014-07-16)
      A monopolist typically defers entry into an industry as both price uncertainty and the level of risk aversion increase. By contrast, the presence of a rival typically hastens entry under risk neutrality. Here, we examine ...
    • Economies of scale in Norwegian electricity distribution: a quantile regression approach 

      Mydland, Ørjan; Haugom, Erik; Lien, Gudbrand (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Endogenous Verifiability and Relational Contracting 

      Kvaløy, Ola; Olsen, Trond E. (Journal article, 2009)
      Principal-agent models usually invoke the strong assumption that the parties know for sure ex ante whether a variable is verifiable or not. This paper assumes that only the probability of verification is known, and that ...
    • Environmental regulations in shipping: Policies leaning towards globalization of scrubbers deserve scrutiny 

      Lindstad, Haakon Elizabeth; Eskeland, Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2016)
      ABSTRACT Emission regulations for Sulphur oxides (SOx) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) are motivated by health- and other environmental objectives in local and regional settings, while global warming concerns motivate policies ...
    • Europe's climate goals and the electricity sector 

      Eskeland, Gunnar; Rive, Nathan Appleton; Mideksa, Torben Kenea (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      EU's objective of attaining 20% reductions in greenhouse gas emissions by 2020 is analysed with a general equilibrium model detailing electricity generation technologies and capital vintaging. Consistent with theory and ...
    • Evaluation of the Norwegian R&D tax credit scheme 

      Møen, Jarle; Cappelen, Ådne; Fjærli, Erik; Foyn, Frank; Hægeland, Torbjørn; Raknerud, Arvid; Rybalka, Marina (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      We find that the Norwegian R&D tax credit scheme introduced in 2002 mainly works as intended. The scheme is costeffective and it is used by a large number of firms. It stimulates these firms to invest more in R&D, and, ...
    • Existence And Uniqueness Of Equilibrium In a Reinsurance Syndicate 

      Aase, Knut K. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      In this paper we consider a reinsurance syndicate, assuming that Pareto optimal allocations exist. Under a continuity assumption on preferences, we show that a competitive equilibrium exists and is unique. Our conditions ...
    • Give and take in dictator games 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Nielsen, Ulrik H.; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil; Tyran, Jean-Robert (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      It has been shown that participants in the dictator game are less willing to give money to the other participant when their choice set also includes the option to take money. We examine whether this effect is due to the ...
    • Handling financial risks in crude oil imports: Taking into account crude oil prices as well as country and transportation risks 

      Wang, Shuang; Wallace, Stein William; Lu, Jing; Gu, Yewen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      Financial risks related to crude oil imports are certainly affected by crude oil price uncertainty. Our question is: How important is it to take also physical risks, such as the crude oil exporters’ political risks and ...
    • Harvest control rules in modern fisheries management 

      Kvamsdal, Sturla F; Eide, Arne; Ekerhovd, Nils-Arne; Enberg, Katja; Gudmundsdottir, Asta; Hoel, Alf Håkon; Mills, Katherine E.; Mueter, Franz J.; Ravn-Jonsen, Lars; Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Stiansen, Jan Erik; Vestergaard, Niels (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016)
      Harvest control rules have become an important tool in modern fisheries management, and are increasingly adopted to provide continuity in management practices, to deal with uncertainty and ecosystem considerations, and to ...
    • Harvesting in a Fishery with Stochastic Growth and a Mean-Reverting Price 

      Kvamsdal, Sturla F; Poudel, Diwakar; Sandal, Leif Kristoffer (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      We analyze a continuous, nonlinear bioeconomic model to demonstrate how stochasticity in the growth of fish stocks affects the optimal exploitation policy when prices are stochastic, mean-reverting and possibly harvest ...
    • Hedging ship price risk using freight derivatives in the drybulk market 

      Ådland, Roar Os; Ameln, Haakon; Børnes, Eirik A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      We show that a fixed-maturity time-weighted Forward Freight Agreement (FFA) portfolio should be used to proxy the expected future earnings of a vessel. We investigate the corresponding hedging efficiency when using a ...
    • Holomorphic convexity and Carleman approximation by entire functions on Stein manifolds 

      Manne, Per Erik; Wold, Erlend Fornæss; Øvrelid, Nils (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      We give necessary and sufficient conditions for totally real sets in Stein manifolds to admit Carleman approximation of class Ck , k ≥ 1, by entire functions.
    • How electricity price spikes can help overcome the energy efficiency gap 

      Mauritzen, Johannes (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Using data on Google searches, I suggest that the spiky nature of electricity markets has a strong effect on searching for information on energy efficiency goods. I identify the informational effect by decomposing prices ...
    • Hva vet vi om dem som skjuler inntekt og formue i skatteparadis? 

      Andersson, Jonas; Lillestøl, Jostein; Støve, Bård; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      I denne artikkelen presenteres resultater fra et prosjekt utført for SNF (Samfunns- og Næringslivsforskning) på oppdrag av Skattedirektoratet (SKD). Hensikten med prosjektet var å finne kjennetegn ved personlige skattytere ...
    • Hvorfor kjøper bedrifter forsikring? 

      Nordahl, Helge A. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      De fleste bedrifter bruker forsikring som en del av sin risikostyring. For mange praktikere er dette en selvfølge, men klassiske teoretiske verk innen finans predikerer det motsatte, nemlig at bedriftene bør overlate til ...