Now showing items 790-809 of 809

    • Wage structure and labor mobility in Norway 1980-1997 

      Hunnes, Arngrim; Møen, Jarle; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-06)
      To what extent do different firms follow different wage policies? How do such policies affect worker mobility between firms, and what are the effects of different wage bargaining regimes? The empirical branch of personnel ...
    • Welfare effects of one-sided regulation when internationally traded complements are unregulated 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-10)
      We consider the effects of a one-sided price regulation of one of two complementary inputs. The provider of the regulated component is a domestic firm, while the provider of the other component is a foreign firm. This ...
    • When is fish quota enforcement worth while? : a study of the Northeast Arctic cod 

      Hannesson, Rögnvaldur (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      Many fish stocks are controlled by fish quotas divided among individual firms. Such quota regimes need an enforcement mechanism in order to be effective. Whether or not quota management regimes are worth while depends on ...
    • When parents decide : gender differences in competitiveness 

      Tungodden, Jonas (Arbeidsnotat;2019/3, Working paper, 2019-06)
      The gender difference in willingness to compete has been proposed as an explanation for the observed gender difference in education and labor market outcomes. This paper presents the first study of how parents make ...
    • Who are the advertisers? 

      Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Working Paper, Working paper, 2001-08)
      We seek to explain why TV advertising is dominated by a few product categories. We apply a model of the TV industry that encompasses both the product markets and the market for TV viewers to discuss who will advertise on ...
    • Why are mobile voice calls so expensive when abroad? 

      Ambjørnsen, Terje; Foros, Øystein; Wasenden, Ole C. (Working paper, Working paper, 2007-11)
      Mobile phone usage when traveling abroad is expensive. We show that the more firms enter the market - which may lower domestic voice call prices - the higher wholesale and retail prices for mobile usage abroad may become.
    • Why corporate taxes may rise : the case of trade liberalization and foreign ownership 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Working Paper, Working paper, 2002-04)
      Almost all the literature on tax competition in the presence of multinationals (MNCs) and profit shifting ignores trade costs. This paper studies how economic integration, in terms of reduced trade costs and internationalization ...
    • Why is on-net traffic cheaper than off-net traffic? 

      Gabrielsen, Tommy Staahl; Vagstad, Steinar (Working Paper, Working paper, 2002-04)
      Received literature have shown that if competing Telecom networks are restricted to linear pricing and are unable to discriminate between on- and off-net calls, high access charges can be a device for facilitating collusion. ...
    • Why local loop unbundling fails? 

      Spiller, Pablo T.; Ulset, Svein (Working Paper, Working paper, 2002-12)
      The paper examines why local loop unbundling (LLU) mostly fails. Unbundling, in principle, makes the local loop (subscriber line) available to competing operators and enables the development of complementary network devices ...
    • Why potential entry may increase platform sponsors’ profit 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sand, Jan Yngve (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-09)
      In this paper we analyze the incentives for platform sponsors to open up their networks for independent rivals. We show that open access may increase the platform sponsors’ profit levels and enhance quality improving investments.
    • Why the apple doesn’t fall far : understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Working paper, Working paper, 2005)
      Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. However, is this because parental education actually changes the outcomes of children, suggesting an important spillover of education policies, ...
    • Why there? Decomposing the choice of target industry 

      Lien, Lasse B.; Klein, Peter G. (Working papers;34/13, Working paper, 2013-12)
      How do diversifying firms chose their target industries? We explore target-industry choice empirically by focusing on the relative importance of target-market characteristics and the focal firm’s resources and capabilities. ...
    • Will cross-ownership reestablish market power in the nordic power market? 

      Amundsen, Eirik Schrøder; Bergman, Lars (Working paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      The integration of the power markets in Norway and Sweden in 1996 significantly constrained the major power companies' ability to exercise market power within their national borders. In recent years, however, mergers and ...
    • WiMP – Styring av verdinettverk og digitale forretningsmodeller : en casestudie 

      Huseklepp, Stine Grønnerud; Lund, Ole-Jon Norgård (2010:41, Working paper, 2010-06)
      Det har den siste tiden vært mye fokus på utvikling av nye forretningsmodeller for å finne en optimal løsning for salg av musikk. Samtidig organiserer stadig flere bedrifter seg i nettverk, for slik å kunne reagere raskere ...
    • Wind power, network congestion and hydro resource utilisation in the Norwegian power market 

      Førsund, Finn R.; Singh, Balbir; Jensen, Trond; Larsen, Cato (Working paper, Working paper, 2007-11)
      Capacity constraints in electricity networks can have important impacts on utilisation of new renewable energy capacity and incumbent generation resources. Neglect of such impacts in development of renewable energy resources ...
    • The winner takes it all? : rederiene flytter - årsaker og konsekvenser 

      Noddeland, Maja Vaale (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 2004-04)
      Siden 1994 er maritime bedrifter solgt fra Norge til utlandet for omlag 44 milliarder NOK. Særlig rederiene opplever store endringer på eiersiden. Utenlandske eiere øker sjansen for at hovedkontorfunksjoner forsvinner fra ...
    • Within-group heterogeneity and group dynamics: Analyzing exit of microcredit groups in Angola 

      Kolstad, Ivar; Pires, Armando José Garcia; Wiig, Arne (Working paper;03/15, Working paper, 2015-01)
      The effect of within-group heterogeneity on the survival of social groups is theoretically ambiguous. A greater diversity of ideas, experience, and networks can have a positive effect on members’ benefits from group ...
    • Økonomiske aspekter ved internetts markedsstruktur 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 2002-12)
      Formålet med denne artikkelen er å gi en enkel innføring i Internetts markedsstruktur og historiske utvikling fra en økonomisk synsvinkel. Ett av de sentrale temaene som diskuteres, er hvorvidt den økte heterogeniteten ...
    • Økt bruk av gass innenlands : Norge som del av et europeisk gassmarked 

      Bjørndalen, Jørgen; Nese, Gjermund (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 2005-06)
      Norske myndigheter legger opp til at naturgass i økt grad skal benyttes på det innenlandske markedet og at denne gassen skal handles på markedsbestemte betingelser. Et innenlandsk gassmarked vil ventelig bli relativt lite ...
    • Økt drivstoffpris – konsekvenser for den norske fiskeflåten? 

      Asche, Frank; Roll, Kristin H. (Arbeidsnotat;2019/1, Working paper, 2019-03)
      Dette notatet undersøker økonomiske konsekvenser av økte drivstoffpriser for fem utvalgte grupper av den norske fiskeflåten; konvensjonelle kystfartøy i lukket gruppe, konvensjonelle havfartøy, trålere, kystnotfartøy i ...