• Access pricing, quality degradation, and foreclosure in the Internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • Access pricing, quality degradation and foreclosure in the internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Working paper, Working paper, 2000-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • Advertising and Newspaper Differentiation: On the Role of Readers’ Advertising Taste 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Koethenbuerger, Marko; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      Newspapers have an incentive to moderate their profile in order to gain a larger readership and thus higher advertising revenue. We show that this incentive is weakened both if readers are ad-haters and if they are ad-lovers.
    • Advertising and newspaper differentiation : on the role of readers’ advertising taste 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Koethenbuerger, Marko; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Working paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      Newspapers have an incentive to moderate their profile in order to gain a larger readership and thus higher advertising revenue. We show that this incentive is weakened both if readers are ad-haters and if they are ad-lovers.
    • Analysis of local electric vehicle incentives in the Norwegian car market : a multi-homing approach 

      Evensen, Charlotte B.; Koneswaran, Visahan (Master thesis, 2016)
      This paper analyse how the local incentives for electric vehicles affect the number of people that purchase both conventional and electric vehicles. After the threshold of 50 000 electric vehicles was reached in April ...
    • Another tale of two-sided markets 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Stähler, Frank (Working paper, Working paper, 2007-06)
      This note generalizes the frequently used Hotelling model for two-sided markets. We demonstrate an invariance theorem: advertisement levels neither depend on the media price nor on the location of the media firm. An increase ...
    • Apple's Agency Model and the Role of Resale Price Maintenance 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Shaffer, Greg (Discussion paper;32/15, Working paper, 2015-11-27)
      The agency model is a business format used by online digital platform providers (such as Apple and Google) in which retail pricing decisions are delegated to upstream content providers subject to a fixed revenue-sharing ...
    • The broadband access market : competition, uniform pricing and geographical coverage 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      In this paper we analyze the market for broadband access. A key feature of this market is that it is considerably more expensive to connect consumers in rural locations than in urban locations. We show that while competition ...
    • The broadband access market : competition, uniform pricing and geographical coverage 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Working paper, Working paper, 2000-12)
      This paper analyzes some technological and political aspects of the market for broadband access. Broadband access is the last mile of the telecommunication network, and it is an essential component in order to offer broadband ...
    • Business models for media firms : does competition matter for how they raise revenue? 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-07)
      The purpose of this article is to analyze how competitive forces may influence the way media firms like TV channels raise revenue. A media firm can either be financed by advertising revenue, by direct payment from the ...
    • Business models for media firms : does competition matter for how they raise revenue? 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-08)
      The purpose of this article is to analyze how competitive forces may influence how media firms like TV channels raise revenue. A media firm can either be financed by advertising revenue, by direct payment from the viewers ...
    • Bør den indirekte pressestøtten gis som momsfritak eller skattefradrag? : 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Møen, Jarle (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Papiraviser er fritatt for moms. Dette representerer en indirekte subsidie i størrelsesorden 1,5 milliarder kroner per år. Skattefradrag for redaksjonelle kostnader har vært foreslått som et supplerende virkemiddel i en ...
    • Causes and effects of FDI by the Norwegian maritime industry 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Strandenes, Siri Pettersen (Report, Research report, 2000-12)
      In this paper we analyse foreign direct investments (FDI) in Asia by the Norwegian maritime industry. We focus on three topics: - Why do Norwegian maritime companies invest abroad? - What are the effects of maritime foreign ...
    • Competing for capital in a "lumpy" world 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Midelfart, Karen Helene; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-04)
    • Competition and regulation strategies in the internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle (Working Paper, Working paper, 2002-09)
      The purpose of this article is to provide a simple introduction to the Internet’s value system and historical development from an economic point of view. One of the central themes that we discuss is whether increased user ...
    • Competition between content distributors in two-sided markets 

      Bergh, Harald Nygård; Kind, Hans Jarle; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørgard, Lars (Working paper;11/12, Working paper, 2012-05)
      We analyze strategic interactions between two competing distributors of an independent TV channel. Consistent with most of the relevant markets, we assume that the distributors set end-user prices while the TV channel sets ...
    • Competition for viewers and advertisers in a tv oligopoly 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Nilssen, Tore; Sørgard, Lars (Working paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      We consider a model of a TV oligopoly where TV channels transmit advertising and viewers dislike such commercials. We show that advertisers make a lower profit the larger the number of TV channels. If TV channels are ...
    • Competition with personalized pricing and strategic product differentiation 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Nguyen-Ones, Mai (Arbeidsnotat;2018/7, Working paper, 2018-12)
      Consumers leave increasingly more digital footprints which improve Örmsíability to practice personalized pricing (Örst-degree price discrimination). We ask whether there exist strategic e§ects that reduce Örmsíincentives ...
    • Competitive aspects of the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation’s (NRK) radio services : advertising and diversity in a two-sided radio market 

      Haugen, Atle; Lien, Gjermund (Master thesis, 2016)
      There has been an ongoing debate in Norway on how the state-owned, commercial-free broadcaster, NRK, influences commercial agents in different media markets. Up to this point, little research has been done on NRK’s impact ...
    • Consequences of imitation by poor countries on international wage inequalities and global growth 

      Kind, Hans Jarle (Working paper, Working paper, 2000-12)
      This paper presents an endogenous growth model where the level of international transaction costs may be decisive for whether the poor East specializes in agriculture production, imitates goods from the rich West, or makes ...