• Another tale of two-sided markets 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Stähler, Frank (Working paper, Working paper, 2007-06)
      This note generalizes the frequently used Hotelling model for two-sided markets. We demonstrate an invariance theorem: advertisement levels neither depend on the media price nor on the location of the media firm. An increase ...
    • Commodity taxation and international trade in imperfect markets 

      Haufler, Andreas; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Report, Research report, 2000-12)
      This paper studies non-cooperative commodity taxation in a trade model with imperfect competition and trade costs. Nationally optimal tax policy simultaneously tries to correct the domestic distortion from imperfect ...
    • Investor State Dispute Settlement and Multinational Firm Behavior 

      Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Discussion paper;4/17, Working paper, 2017-03-30)
      Investor-state dispute settlements (ISDS) were supposed to become an integral part of multilateral trade and investment agreements although the partner countries of these deals do not suffer from substantial institutional ...
    • Market shares in two-sided media industries 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Stähler, Frank (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-03)
      This paper generalizes the frequently used Hotelling model for two-sided markets in order to determine the equilibrium market shares. We show that independent of whether consumers are uniformly or non-uniformly distributed, ...
    • Market shares in two-sided media industries 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Stähler, Frank (Working paper, Working paper, 2009-03)
      This paper generalizes the frequently used Hotelling model for two-sided markets in order to determine the equilibrium market shares. We show that independent of whether consumers are uniformly or non-uniformly distributed, ...
    • Newspaper Differentiation and Investments in Journalism: The Role of Tax Policy 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Discussion paper;12/09, Working paper, 2009-11)
      Newspapers are considered to be important providers of information, culture and language, and are taxed at a reduced VAT rate in most countries. This paper shows that such a policy may a¤ect newspaper differentiation and ...
    • Newspaper Differentiation and Investments in Journalism: The Role of Tax Policy 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Discussion Papers;16/2011, Working paper, 2011-09)
      Many countries levy reduced-rate indirect taxes on newspapers, with proclaimed policy goals of stimulating investment in journalism and ensuring low newspaper prices. However, by taking into account the fact that the ...
    • Newspapers and advertising : the effects of ad-valorem taxation under duopoly 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      Newspapers are two-sided platforms that sell their product both to readers and advertisers. Media firms in general, and newspapers in particular, are considered important providers of information, culture and language ...
    • Newspapers and Advertising: The Effects of Ad-Valorem Taxation under Duopoly 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      Newspapers are two-sided platforms that sell their product both to readers and advertisers. Media firms in general, and newspapers in particular, are considered important providers of information, culture and language in ...
    • Newspapers and advertising : the effects of ad-valorem taxation under duopoly 

      Kind, Hans Jarle; Schjelderup, Guttorm; Stähler, Frank (Working paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      Newspapers are two-sided platforms that sell their product both to readers and to advertisers. Media firms in general, and newspapers in particular, are considered important providers of information, culture and language ...