• Betydningen av fiskeri- og havbruksnæringen i området Lofoten og Barentshavet 

      Gaasland, Ivar; Steinshamn, Stein Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Rapport, Research report, 2010-09)
      Denne rapporten vurderer den samfunnsøkonomiske betydningen av fiskeri- og havbruksnæringen i området Lofoten-Barentshavet under ulike forutsetninger om fremtidige rammebetingelser. Det drøftes også hvilken innvirkning ...
    • Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working Paper, Working paper, 2001-01)
      The Norwegian dairy policy is based on price discrimination. Monopoly profit is passed on to the farmers by raising the average price of milk. This procedure increases milk production, and involves cross-subsidization. ...
    • Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards : the importance of exports 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
      A milk marketing board (MMB) is a well known instrument for regulating the markets for dairy products. MMBs are based on price discrimination, and receipts from sales are pooled so that the farmers receive a single price ...
    • Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards : the importance of exports 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working Paper, Working paper, 2004-03)
      A milk marketing board (MMB) is a legislatively specified compulsory marketing institution, and a common way to regulate markets for dairy products. MMBs are based on price discrimination. As price discrimination leads to ...
    • Efficient supply of cultural landscape in a CGE framework 

      Gaasland, Ivar; Rødseth, Kenneth L.; Vårdal, Erling (Working paper;02/13, Working paper, 2013-02)
      It is widely recognized that the agricultural sector, in addition to private goods, produces public goods that benefit the domestic consumers. The prime example is cultural landscape which is produced jointly with private ...
    • Equilibrium and price stabilization 

      Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working Paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      The main objects here are markets with stochastic demand and supply. Agriculture provides prime instances. A key concern is how a buffer agency may learn to stabilize prices. We model such learning and identify conditions ...
    • Estimating the elasticity of transformation between on-farm work and off-farm work for Norwegian dairy farmers 

      Salomonsen, Bjarte; Vårdal, Erling (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-01)
      We have collected a sample of 2191 milk farm households. The sample contains information on incomes made off- and on-farm and working hours devoted into those two activities, during the years 1996-2004,. Based on a method ...
    • Everybody knows that the boat is leaking : How Norway thwarts its WTO commitments 

      Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working paper;32/12, Working paper, 2012-10)
      We conduct a WTO-consistent assessment of Norwegian agricultural programs and policy since 1995. Most important, we highlight cases where Norway has found ways to work around its WTO-commitments in order to avoid policy ...
    • Explaining off-farm labour supply : the importance of income 

      Bratberg, Espen; Holgersen, Lars Petter; Vårdal, Erling (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-01)
      We have collected a panel of 4,723 farm holders as of 1994. In 1995 these farmers face the choice either to continue or to quit farming, for example by working full time in an another industry. Presumable, when individuals ...
    • Markedsføring av kjøtt i Norge : organisering og finansieringskilder 

      Gaasland, Ivar; Mjørlund, Rune; Vårdal, Erling (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 2008-06)
      Dette notatet belyser statens bidrag til dekning av markedsføringskostnader i kjøttbransjen, og beskriver hvordan de ulike finansieringsordningene er organisert.
    • Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement : an assessment and application to Norway 

      Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      The producer support estimate (the successor to the producer support equivalent) calculated by the OECD is widely used as an indicator of distortions created by agricultural policies. In this paper we demonstrate that ...
    • Optimal provision of public goods : implications for support to agriculture 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      This paper summarises a decade of research by the authors into the welfare economic foundations for agricultural policy. The main results are that the levels of support to agriculture in rich developed countries like ...
    • Støtten til distriktsjordbruket sett i et samfunnsøkonomisk perspektiv 

      Vårdal, Erling (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 2003-04)
      Støtten til norsk jordbruk er høy. Spesielt høy er støtten til distriktsjordbruket. I dette arbeidsnotatet presenteres først størrelsen på distriktsstøtten. Med utgangspunkt i en utredning av Brox, Teslie og Vestøl fra ...