• Building Bridges and Widening Gaps: Efficiency Gains and Equity Concerns of Labor Market Expansions 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Løken, Katrine V.; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;19/2019, Working paper, 2019-10-20)
      We exploit the opening of a large bridge to study how access to a larger labor market affects economic efficiency, and how these potential efficiency gains are distributed across workers. The bridge we study connected the ...
    • The Effect of Labor Market Shocks Across the Life Cycle 

      Salvanes, Kjell G.; Willage, Barton; Willén, Alexander (SAM DP;21/2021, Working paper, 2021-12)
      Adverse economic shocks occur frequently and may cause individuals to reevaluate key life decisions in ways that have lasting consequences for themselves and the broader economy. These life decisions are fundamentally tied ...
    • Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms 

      Johnsen, Julian Vedeler; Vaage, Kjell; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;20/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      Anticipating the labor market effects of welfare reforms is difficult due to public policy interactions across programs and among household members. Specifically, changes to one program may affect individual take-up of ...
    • Oh Mother: The Neglected Impact of School Disruptions 

      Jaume, David; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;30/2018, Working paper, 2018-12)
      Temporary school closures (TSC) represent a major challenge to policymakers across the globe due to their potential impact on instructional time and student achievement. A neglected but equally important question relates ...
    • Postpartum Job Loss: Transitory Effect on Mothers, Long-run Damage to Children 

      Willage, Barton; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;22/2020, Working paper, 2020-11)
      The first year after childbirth involves dramatic changes to parents’ lives and is crucial for children’s development. Using plausibly exogenous job loss from mass layoffs, we study the effect of labor shocks on mothers ...
    • Understanding the Decline in Private Sector Unionization: A Skill-based Approach 

      Dodini, Samuel; Lovenheim, Michael; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;07/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
      Private-sector unionization rates have fallen precipitously in the United States over the past half century, from 25% in 1973 to only 7% in 2018. We take a skill-based approach to studying this decline, using data from the ...