• A behaviour-based approach to the estimation of poverty in India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn; Somanathan, Rohini (Discussion paper;2/2013, Working paper, 2013-01)
      Since the late 1970s, the price indices underlying the poverty lines in India have been updated using aggregate indices. Widespread criticism of these indices led to the adoption of a new o cial methodology in 2011 based ...
    • Adjusting for age effects in cross-sectional distributions 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Income and wealth differ over the life cycle. In cross-sectional distri- butions of income or wealth, classical inequality measures such as the Gini, could therefore find substantial inequality even if everyone have the ...
    • Asymmetric information in insurance : the impact of big data on low-ses individuals 

      Widenhofer, Glenn K.; Ytterstad, Erling S. (Master thesis, 2017)
      In this thesis, we analyze the effect of big data in insurance markets with heterogeneous insurance takers. Through a theoretical approach, we consider the effects of increased information flows on insurance contracts ...
    • Baby booming inequality?: demographic change and inequality in Norway, 1967-2004 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      We demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are because of changes in the age structure. In particular, we explore the hypothesis that the substantial ...
    • Baby booming inequality? Demographic change and earnings inequality in Norway, 1967–2000 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      In this paper, we demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are due to changes in the age-structure. To this end, we use administrative data on ...
    • Crisis, restructuring and growth : a macroeconomic perspective 

      Almås, Ingvild; Doppelhofer, Gernot; Haatvedt, Jens Christian; Klovland, Jan Tore; Molnár, Krisztina; Thøgersen, Øystein (Report, Research report, 2010-04)
      This report surveys the major aspects of financial crises and the restructuring and growth process of economies in the aftermath of crises, and discusses possible directions for future research in this area. The first ...
    • Cutthroat capitalism versus cuddly socialism: Are Americans more meritocratic and efficiency-seeking than Scandinavians? 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;18/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
      There is a striking difference in income inequality and redistributive policies between the United States and Scandinavia. To study whether there is a corresponding cross-country difference in social preferences, we ...
    • Et valg i blinde? 

      Almås, Ingvild; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      15/16-åringer i Norge gjør et valg som har store konsekvenser for deres inntekt i arbeidsmarkedet: De velger om de skal ta yrkesfaglig eller allmennfaglig retning på videregående skole. Disse valgene vil igjen kunne legge ...
    • Fairness and family background 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;25/15, Working paper, 2015-10)
      Fairness preferences fundamentally affect individual behavior and play an important role in shaping social and political institutions. However, people differ both with respect to what they view as fair and with respect ...
    • Fairness and inequality : measuring fairness preferences and identifying the unfair income inequality in Germany 

      Stavem, Frøya Plahte; Støren, Bendik Nagel (Master thesis, 2016)
      The standard measures of economic inequality seem not to be in accordance with the way people tend to think about inequality. Rather than considering all economic inequality unfair, people seem to accept inequalities arising ...
    • Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people’s fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for ...
    • Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;18/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people’s fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for ...
    • Fra kinesernes sparing til global vekst 

      Almås, Ingvild; Liane, Gro Karin Mæle; Thøgersen, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Kina har i senere år fremstått som verdensøkonomiens primære vekstmotor. Vekstens innhold i form av store handelsoverskudd og svært høye investeringer har skapt vinnere og tapere blant verdens øvrige land og regioner. ...
    • Global income inequality and cost-of-living adjustment : the Geary–Allen world accounts 

      Almås, Ingvild; Sørensen, Erik Ø. (Discussion paper;20/2012, Working paper, 2012-10)
      Standard ways of measuring real income are known to be inconsistent with consumer preferences. We provide preference-consistent estimates of real income, based on the income-specific price indices that are consistent ...
    • International income inequality : measuring PPP bias by estimating Engel curves for food 

      Almås, Ingvild (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-07)
      Price-adjusted data on national incomes applied in cross-country compar- isons are measured with bias. By studying micro data, this paper ¯nds that the bias is systematic: the poorer a country is, the more its income ...
    • International Income Inequality: Measuring PPP Bias by Estimating Engel Curves for Food 

      Almås, Ingvild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Purchasing power-adjusted incomes applied in cross-country comparisons are measured with bias. This paper estimates the purchasing power parity (PPP) bias in Penn World Table incomes and provides corrected incomes. The ...
    • Investment to serve future consumption needs : trade theory applied to demographic challenges 

      Almås, Ingvild (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-11)
      One-good-economy neoclassical models predict that the non-synchronized aging between developing and developed economies can cause interaction between them leading to a Pareto improvement, e.g. Holzmann (2000). Interaction ...
    • Measuring multidimensional energy poverty : the case of India 

      Nagothu, Shreya (Master thesis, 2016-09-02)
      According to the capability approach developed by Sen (1993), access to basic energy services enables capabilities such as good health, education and balanced nourishment, that further increases overall well-being. ...
    • Modernisert men urettferdig folketrygd? 

      Robstad, Siri Sollid; Almås, Ingvild (Arbeidsnotat;04/12, Working paper, 2012-01)
      Som et resultat av en aldrende befolkning har det i Norge som i de fleste andre OECD land, tvunget seg fram en reformering av pensjonssystemet. Med bred politisk enighet ble forslaget til modernisert folketrygd vedtatt med ...
    • Older or wealthier?: the impact of age adjustment on cross-sectional inequality measures 

      Almås, Ingvild; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-03)
      Differences in individual wealth holdings are widely viewed as a driving force of economic inequality. However, as this finding relies on cross-section data, a concern is that one confuses older with wealthier. We propose ...