|dc.description.abstract||This research investigates whether the classical determinants of job satisfaction and
organizational commitment are valid in a Norwegian context, with emphasis on
multicultural work environments. Furthermore, this study examines whether
employees with different cultural backgrounds in Norwegian-based companies have
different levels of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. The topic is
relevant in today’s work environments as the workforce is more diverse than before,
and it is important that employers take the subject into consideration as job
satisfaction and organizational commitment affect the job performance and bottom
line of the company.
The topic has not been widely researched in a Norwegian context, however according
to the available literature on job satisfaction and organizational commitment there are
significant differences between people from different countries. As part of the
research a general survey was constructed to confirm the presence of cultural
differences based on power distance in a Norwegian context, and the model and
results were analysed through several statistical methods.
The statistical analysis supported that some of the classical determinants extracted
from theory had a positive effect on job satisfaction and organizational commitment.
However, no evidence of differences in job satisfaction and organizational
commitment between workers from various backgrounds in multicultural work
environments in Norway was uncovered. The only exception was that the supervisor
was perceived differently between foreigners and Norwegians.
From the analysis it can be concluded that the employers should be aware of the
variations in job satisfaction and organizational commitment among the employees,
but these are not necessarily determined by cultural differences. By focusing on the
integration of the employees in the organization through communication and
integration courses, it is likely that the staff will remain in the company.||nb_NO