Performance of sustainable investments : a comparison of sustainable and conventional mutual funds in emerging markets
MetadataShow full item record
- Master Thesis 
This thesis compares the performance and risk factor exposure of sustainable and conventional mutual funds in emerging markets from January 2012 to July 2017. We use the latest sustainability ratings provided by Morningstar to define sustainable funds, and apply CAPM, Fama-French and Carhart models to control for the market, size, book-to-market and momentum factors. Additionally, we add a dummy to compare the risk-adjusted returns of the funds, and examine if the difference is statistically significant. To expand our understanding of the funds’ performance and behavior we study them during three different economic cycles: Steady development, Recession and Recovery. The results imply there is no statistically significant difference in risk-adjusted returns between sustainable and conventional funds. However, conventional funds tend to outperform sustainable funds during recovery periods. Further, we discover sustainable funds being less exposed to the market and small companies, with difference in exposure to the market only present during the recession period. The difference in exposure towards small companies is consistent during both the steady and the recession period, but we reveal sustainable funds to exhibit a greater exposure to small companies than conventional funds in the recovery period. Our findings suggest there is no additional cost related to investing sustainable in emerging markets, except when the economy is recovering from a recession.