When the economy is hit, so is she? : an empirical analysis of the consequences of the oil price shock in 2014 on domestic violence in Norway
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- Master Thesis 
This paper examines how the regional economic downturn following the oil price shock in 2014 aﬀected domestic violence in Norway. In particular, we exploit the fact that the economic downturn in Norway following the oil price decline was largely regional. The counties that were hardest hit by the economic downturn following the oil price decline were the counties with the highest proportion of their workforce working in oil-related industries. We use a diﬀerences-in-diﬀerences strategy to identify the causal eﬀects, and ﬁnd that the number of people seeking counselling at domestic violence shelters increased in counties that were hit hard by the economic downturn. Speciﬁcally, we ﬁnd that the regional economic downturn led to an additional 9.97 shelter users per 100,000 people each quarter in oil-dependent counties. This equals a 26 percent increase compared to the mean number of people seeking counselling at domestic violence shelters before the economic downturn. Wealsoexaminetheeﬀectofthedownturnonthenumberofpeople living temporarily at domestic violence shelters. The ﬁndings indicate a modestincrease,butthesigniﬁcanceoftheestimatesarehighlydependenton the model speciﬁcation. We are therefore careful to conclude whether or not the regional economic downturn had an eﬀect on people living temporarily at shelters.