• Beyond trade costs : firms' endogenous access to international markets 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      In this paper we argue that the level of access to international markets by firms is related not only to exogenous factors such as trade costs, but also to endogenous factors such as strategic competition on R&D. In ...
    • Beyond trade costs : firms’ endogenous access to international markets 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper;38/13, Working paper, 2013-10)
      In this paper, we explore another factor besides trade costs that can affect firms’ exports: strategic interaction between firms in R&D investment. Three results can be highlighted. First, the volume of trade is higher in ...
    • Capital taxation and imperfect competition : ACE vs. CBIT 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Pires, Armando José Garcia; Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper;32/14, Working paper, 2014-11)
      This paper studies the market and welfare effects of two main tax reforms – the Corporate Business Income Tax (CBIT) and the Allowance for Corporate Equity tax (ACE). Using an imperfect-competition model for a small open ...
    • Capital Taxation and Imperfect Competition: ACE vs. CBIT 

      Brekke, Kurt; Pires, Armando José Garcia; Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper;37/14, Working paper, 2014-11)
      This paper studies the market and welfare effects of two main tax reforms – the Corporate Business Income Tax (CBIT) and the Allowance for Corporate Equity tax (ACE). Using an imperfect-competition model for a small open ...
    • Competitive in the lab, successful in the field? 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Pires, Armando José Garcia; Tungodden, Bertil (Working paper;02/15, Working paper, 2015-01)
      A number of lab experiments in recent years have analyzed people’s willingness to compete. But to what extent is competitive behavior in the lab associated with field choices and outcomes? We address this question in a ...
    • Effects of flat tax reforms on economic growth in the OECD countries 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia; Jensen, Tom Stephan (Working paper, Working paper, 2011-06)
      This paper explores how a transition from a progressive to a flat tax scheme would affect economic growth in the OECD countries on the period from 1997 to 2007. A meta-regression analysis on eighteen calibration studies ...
    • FDI, R&D and endogenous competitiveness 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-01)
      We analyze the influence of endogenous competitiveness on multinational activity. Competitiveness is endogenized by assuming that firms differ on R&D commitment power, i.e.: some firms are leaders in R&D. We show that ...
    • Foreign direct investments: The BRIC countries and Norway 

      Heum, Per; Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working papers;44/13, Working paper, 2013-11)
      The present working paper is part of the EU-funded project COST ACTION IS0905, The Emergence of Southern multinationals and their Impact on Europe. Southern multinationals refer to multinationals from emerging economies. ...
    • International trade with competitiveness : effects in R&D 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
    • International trade with competitiveness effects in R&D 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-12)
      In an oligopoly trade model where firms engage in R&D, international differences in market size allow for the emergence of endogenous asymmetries between firms. Concretely, firms located in countries with more demand become ...
    • Losers, winners and prisoner's dilemma in international subsidy wars 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      Two central results in the strategic trade literature are that governments shall support winners and that there is a policy prisoner dilemma in international subsidy wars (i.e.: countries have incentives to support local ...
    • Losers, winners and prisoner’s dilemma in international subsidy wars 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      Two central results in the strategic trade literature are that governments shall support winners and that there is a prisoner’s dilemma in international subsidy wars (i.e.: countries have incentives to support local firms ...
    • Media bias and news customization 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper, Working paper, 2010-03)
      In this paper we analyze the effects of news customization (tailoring news to consumers’ political preferences) on media bias. In particular, we extend Hotelling’s duopoly location model to include news customization. ...
    • Media bias, news customization and competition 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper, Working paper, 2010-03)
      The media bias literature has focused its attention on single-ideology media firms. We analyze the incentives for media firms to adopt a multi-ideology strategy. A multi-ideology strategy occurs when a media firm adapts ...
    • Media plurality : private versus mixed duopolies 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper;11/14, Working paper, 2014-09)
      In this paper, we analyze the effects on media plurality of competition between a private news firm that maximizes profits and a publicly owned news firm that maximizes social welfare. We show that when the costs of adapting ...
    • Migration policy, illegal migrants, self-selection and brain drain 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-12)
      We compare two migration policies: an open migration policy, where all migrants can migrate legally; and a selective migration policy, where migrants are selected according to skills. We show that since the selective ...
    • R&D and strategic industrial location in international oligopolies 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working Paper, Working paper, 2005-12)
      In a spatial economy where Oligopolist firms compete in R&D, it is found that geography affects the innovative behaviour of firms. Notably, international differences in market size conduce to endogenous asymmetries between ...
    • R&D and strategic industrial location in international oligopolies 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-03)
    • R&D, strategic investment and multinational choice 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Working paper, Working paper, 2005-06)
      We analyse the influence of strategic R&D investment on the firms’ mode of foreign expansion: export versus multinational. Strategic investment allows a firm, not only to improve its own level of productive efficiency (as ...
    • Should governments help winners or losers? 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      One central result in the strategic trade literature is that governments should not support domestic ”losers” but domestic ”winners”. We show that when first-mover advantages are taken into account, the reverse holds, ...