Now showing items 438-457 of 833

    • Like father, like son? : a note on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      More able parents tend to have more able children. While few would question the validity of this statement, there is little large-scale evidence on the intergenerational transmission of IQ scores. Using a larger and more ...
    • Local autonomy and interregional equality : fiscal equalization with balanced budgets 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-07)
      This paper contributes to the literature on fiscal equalization in three ways. First, it shows how two important types of transfer schemes, the foundation grant and the power equalization grant, can be seen as two ...
    • Long-Term Consequences of Access to Well-child Visits. 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Løken, Katrine V.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (SAM;29/2015, Working paper, 2015-12-02)
      A growing literature documents the positive long-term effects of policy-induced improvements in early-life health and nutrition. However, there is still scarce evidence on early-life health programs targeting a large share ...
    • Losers, winners and prisoner's dilemma in international subsidy wars 

      Pires, Armando José Garcia (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      Two central results in the strategic trade literature are that governments shall support winners and that there is a policy prisoner dilemma in international subsidy wars (i.e.: countries have incentives to support local ...
    • Losing heart? : the effect of job displacement on health 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;26/2012, Working paper, 2012-12)
      Job reallocation is considered to be a key characteristic of well-functioning labor markets, as more productive firms grow and less productive ones contract or close. However, despite its potential benefits for the ...
    • Losing in a Boom: Long-term Consequences of a Local Economic Shock for Female Labour Market Outcomes 

      Bennett, Patrick; Ravetti, Chiara; Wong, Po Yin (DP SAM;03/2020, Working paper, 2020-02)
      This paper examines the long-term labour market consequences of a positive economic shock, the first discovery of oil and gas in Norway. Existing studies focus on the short-term and men, while less is known about women and ...
    • Luck, choice and responsibility 

      Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Mollerstrom, Johanna (Discussion paper;6/2014, Working paper, 2014-03)
      We conduct a laboratory experiment where third-party spectators can redistribute resources between two agents, thereby offsetting the consequences of controllable and uncontrollable luck. Some spectators go to the limits ...
    • Luck, choice and responsibility - An experimental study of fairness views 

      Mollerstrom, Johanna; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Weconduct laboratory experimentswhere third-party spectators have the opportunity to redistribute Resources between two agents, thereby eliminating inequality and offsetting the consequences of controllable and uncontrollable ...
    • Lumpy investments, factor adjustments and productivity 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Rybalka, Marina; Skjerpen, Terje (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
      This paper describes firms’ output and factor demands before, during and after episodes of lumpy investment. By using a rich employer–employee panel data set for two manufacturing industries and one service industry, we ...
    • Made in China, sold in Norway : local labor market effects of an import shock 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Jensen, Sissel; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;25/2014, Working paper, 2014-06)
      We analyze whether regional labor markets are affected by exposure to import competition from China. We find negative employment effects for low-skilled workers, and observe that low-skilled workers tend to be pushed ...
    • The Making of Social Democracy: The Economic and Electoral Consequences of Norway’s 1936 Folk School Reform 

      Acemoglu, Daron; Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Sarvimäki, Matti (SAM DP;14/2021, Working paper, 2021-08)
      Upon assuming power for the first time in 1935, the Norwegian Labour Party delivered on its promise for a major schooling reform. The reform raised minimum instruction time in less developed rural areas and boosted the ...
    • Making sense of market delineation with the aggregate diversion ratio 

      Daljord, Øystein Børnes; Sørgard, Lars; Thomassen, Øyvind (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-08)
      The US Merger Guidelines leave it an open question if the SSNIP test requires an increase in one, some or all prices in the candidate market. We argue that the characteristics of the candidate market in question should be ...
    • Management of knowledge workers 

      Hvide, Hans K.; Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-05)
      We study how complementarities and intellectual property rights affect the management of knowledge workers. The main results relay when a firm will wish to sue workers that leave with innovative ideas, and the effects ...
    • Mapping risk aversion in Norway using hypothetical income gambles 

      Aarbu, Karl Ove; Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-08)
      This is the first study that explores the heterogeneity of risk preferences among the Norwegian population. We measure risk aversion as the complement of the maximal relative downside income risk a person is willing to ...
    • Marginal indirect tax reform analysis with merit good arguments and environmental concerns : Norway, 1999 

      Schroyen, Fred; Aasness, Jørgen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-04)
      We present a framework to identify and evaluate marginal tax reforms when merit good arguments and environmental concerns are given explicit consideration. It is applied to the Norwegian indirect tax system for 1999. ...
    • Marginal productivity reward : a new justification 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      Marginal productivity reward has been justified either as a way of ensuring efficiency or of respecting people’s self-ownership. Both these arguments have their limitations. In this paper we present a new and more general ...
    • Margins and market shares : pharmacy incentives for generic substitution 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Straume, Odd Rune; Holmås, Tor Helge (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-07)
      We study the impact of product margins on pharmacies incentive to promote generics instead of brand-names. First, we construct a theoretical model where pharmacies can persuade patients with a brand-name prescription to ...
    • Maritime Financial Instability and Supply Chain Management Effects 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Koilo, Viktoriia (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The paper investigates the offshore crisis 2015–2017 and its impact on central international offshore oil and gas related maritime cluster, the Blue Maritime Cluster, located at the North-Western coast of Norway. This ...
    • Maritime trade and merchant shipping: The shipping/trade-ratio from the 1870s until today. 

      Ojala, Jari; Tenold, Stig (SAM;12/2016, Working paper, 2016-06-22)
      This paper discusses the development of countries’ market shares in world shipping over the last 150 years. The analysis is based upon a new and purpose-built indicator: the shipping/trade-ratio. This indicator presents ...
    • Market definition with shock analysis 

      Daljord, Øystein Børnes; Sørgard, Lars; Thomassen, Øyvind (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-11)
      The SSNIP test for market definition requires information about demand substitution and profitability. If detailed information about demand is not available, observed effects of a shock in the industry may be an alternative ...