• The 19th century Antarctic sealing industry : sources, data and economic significance 

      Basberg, Bjørn L.; Headland, Robert K. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      Sealing was the first exploitative industry in the Antarctic region. Throughout the 19th century it was characterized by large fluctuations in harvests and shifts in hunting grounds as seals were almost exterminated in ...
    • A behaviour-based approach to the estimation of poverty in India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn; Somanathan, Rohini (Discussion paper;2/2013, Working paper, 2013-01)
      Since the late 1970s, the price indices underlying the poverty lines in India have been updated using aggregate indices. Widespread criticism of these indices led to the adoption of a new o cial methodology in 2011 based ...
    • A continuous consumer price index for Norway 1492-2017 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;26/2018, Working paper, 2018-11)
      This manuscript presents a new combined annual cost of living and consumer price index for Norway covering the period 1492-2017. When previous Norwegian historical consumer price indices partly were constructed on the basis ...
    • A Corporate-Crime Perspective on Fisheries: Liability Rules and Non-Compliance 

      Jensen, Frank; Nøstbakken, Linda (Discussion paper;20/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      The existing fisheries economics literature analyzes compliance problems by treating the fishing firm as one cohesive unit, but in many cases, violations are committed by agents acting on behalf of a firm. To account for ...
    • A crisis not wasted : institutional and structural reforms behind Norway’s strong macroeconomic performance 

      Steigum, Erling; Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion Papers;18/2013, Working paper, 2013-12)
      This paper draws the line between the Norwegian boom-bust cycle and crises in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the succeeding institutional and structural reforms and the strong macroeconomic performance and stability of ...
    • A flying start? Maternity leave benefits and long-run outcomes of children 

      Carneiro, Pedro; Løken, Katrine Vellesen; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2015)
      We study a change in maternity leave entitlements in Norway. Mothers giving birth before July 1, 1977, were eligible for 12 weeks of unpaid leave, while those giving birth after that date were entitled to 4 months of paid ...
    • A Fundamental Externality in the Labour Market? Ragnar Frisch on the socially optimal amount of work. 

      Sandmo, Agnar (DP SAM;2/2018, Working paper, 2018-01)
      In the late 1940s, Ragnar Frisch published two articles in Norwegian that constitute a pioneering attempt to apply welfare economics to a problem of economic policy. The main contention of the articles is that there exists ...
    • A long term view on the short term co-movement of output and prices in a small open economy 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Hunnes, Arngrim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012-02)
      One assumption behind inflation targeting as objective for monetary policy is that inflation rates in the short run to some extent reflect output cycles. The present paper investigates the historical co-movements of output ...
    • A Long Term View on the Short Term Co-movement of Output and Prices in a Small Open Economy 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Hunnes, Arngrim (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012-02)
      One assumption behind inflation targeting as objective for monetary policy is that inflation rates in the short run to some extent reflect output cycles. The present paper investigates the historical co-movements of output ...
    • A Meritocratic Origin of Egalitarian Behavior 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Mollestrom, Johanna; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;09/2019, Working paper, 2019-04-29)
      The meritocratic fairness ideal implies that inequalities in earnings are regarded as fair only when they reflect differences in performance. Consequently, implementation of the meritocratic fairness ideal requires complete ...
    • A New Latent Class to Fit Spatial Econometrics Models with Integrated Nested Laplace Approximations 

      Gómez-Rubio, Virgilio; Bivand, Roger; Rue, Håvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      The new slm latent model for estimating spatial econometrics models using INLA has recently been introduced. It will be described briefly and its use will be demonstrated in the accompanying poster.
    • A note on upward pricing pressure : the possibility of false positives 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper;11/2012, Working paper, 2012-05)
      Farrell and Shapiro proposed a simple test of the possible upward pricing pressure (UPP) following a merger. They showed that the test may give false negatives, that is, indicate that a merger may not give an UPP, while ...
    • A note on upward pricing pressure: the possibility of false positives 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Joseph Farrell and Carl Shapiro proposed a simple test of the possible upward pricing pressure (UPP) following a merger. They showed that the test may give false negatives—that is, indicate that a merger may not give an ...
    • Access pricing, quality degradation, and foreclosure in the Internet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-03)
      Access to both a local and a global network is needed in order to get complete connection to the Internet. The purpose of this article is to examine the interplay between those two networks and how it affects the domestic ...
    • Accountability and taxation: Experimental evidence 

      Sjursen, Ingrid Hoem (DP SAM;24/2018, Working paper, 2018-11)
      The Rentier State Hypothesis states that taxation promotes government accountability. The argument is that citizens demand more accountability for spending of tax revenue than for spending of windfall revenue (e.g., natural ...
    • Adam Smith and modern economics 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper;13/2014, Working paper, 2014-04)
      In his Wealth of Nations (1776) Adam Smith created an agenda for the study of the economy that is reflected in the structure of modern economics. This paper describes Smith’s contributions to four central areas of economic ...
    • Adapt or withdraw? :evidence on technological changes and early retirement using matched worker-firm data 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Rønningen, Dag; Hægeland, Torbjørn (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-08)
      Older workers typically possess older vintages of skills than younger workers, and they may suffer more from technological change. Experienced workers never the less have accumulated human capital that make them suitable ...
    • Adferdsøkonomi og økonomiske eksperimenter F 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Tungodden, Bertil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)
    • Adjusting for age effects in cross-sectional distributions 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Income and wealth differ over the life cycle. In cross-sectional distri- butions of income or wealth, classical inequality measures such as the Gini, could therefore find substantial inequality even if everyone have the ...
    • Adverse selection into competition: Evidence from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania 

      Almås, Ingvild; Berge, Lars Ivar; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Somville, Vincent; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;19/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      An influential literature has shown that women are less willing to compete than men, and the gender gap in competition may contribute to explaining gender differences in educational choices and labor market outcomes. This ...