• On the workings of a cartel : evidence from the Norwegian cement industry 

      Steen, Frode; Röller, Lars-Hendrik (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-06)
      Using the institutional set-up of the Norwegian cement industry, in particular its sharing rule, we are able to identify the workings of a cartel in some detail. We focus on the two problems that any cartel faces: deciding ...
    • On the workings of a cartel : evidence from the Norwegian cement industry 

      Röller, Lars-Hendrik; Steen, Frode (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003)
      Using the institutional set-up of the Norwegian cement industry, in particular its sharing rule, we are able to identify the workings of a cartel in some detail. Given data on prices, production, and exports, we are able ...
    • Operational expressions for the marginal cost of indirect taxation when merit arguments matter 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-02)
      Marginal indirect tax reform analysis evaluates for each commodity (group) the marginal welfare cost (MC) of increasing government revenue with 1 Euro by raising the indirect tax rate on that commodity. In this paper, ...
    • Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement : an assessment and application to Norway 

      Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      The producer support estimate (the successor to the producer support equivalent) calculated by the OECD is widely used as an indicator of distortions created by agricultural policies. In this paper we demonstrate that ...
    • Optimal hospital payment rules under rationing by random waiting. 

      Gravelle, Hugh; Schroyen, Fred (SAM;8/2016, Working paper, 2016-05-19)
      We derive optimal rules for paying hospitals in a public health care system in which providers can choose quality and random patient demand is rationed by waiting time. Since waiting time imposes real costs on patients ...
    • Optimal income taxation with a risky asset : the triple income tax 

      Schindler, Dirk (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      We show in a two-period world with endogenous savings and two assets, one of them exhibiting a stochastic return that an interest adjusted income tax is optimal. This tax leaves a safe component of interest income tax ...
    • Optimal labor income taxation under maximin : an upper bound 

      Jacquet, Laurence (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper compares marginal income tax rates for the maximin versus a welfarist criterion in the standard Mirleesian optimal income tax problem. It derives fairly mild conditions under which the former is higher than the ...
    • Optimal labor income taxation under maximin: an upper bound 

      Jacquet, Laurence (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      This paper assumes the standard optimal income tax model of Mirrlees (Review of Economic Studies, 1971). It gives fairly mild conditions under which the optimal nonlinear labor income tax profile derived under maximin ...
    • Optimal merger policy 

      Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      The purpose of this article is to investigate the optimal merger policy in the presence of deterrence as well as type I and type II errors. We derive the optimal number of merger investigations, both when the competition ...
    • Optimal monetary policy when agents are learning 

      Molnár, Krisztina; Santoro, Sergio (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-11)
      Most studies of optimal monetary policy under learning rely on optimality conditions derived for the case when agents have rational expectations. In this paper, we derive optimal monetary policy in an economy where the ...
    • Optimal provision of public goods : implications for support to agriculture 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      This paper summarises a decade of research by the authors into the welfare economic foundations for agricultural policy. The main results are that the levels of support to agriculture in rich developed countries like ...
    • Optimal redistributive taxation with both extensive and intensive responses 

      Jacquet, Laurence; Lehmann, Etienne; Van der Linden, Bruno (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      This paper characterizes the optimal income taxation when individuals respond along both the intensive and extensive margins. Individuals are heterogeneous in two dimensions: their skills and their disutility of ...
    • Optimal trade policy with monopolistic competition and heterogeneous firms 

      Haaland, Jan I.; Venables, Anthony J. (Discussion paper;33/14, Working paper, 2014-11)
      This paper derives optimal trade and domestic taxes for a small open economy containing a monopolistically competitive (MC) sector in which firms may have heterogeneous productivity levels. Analysis encompasses cases in ...
    • Organizational Design with Portable Skills 

      Picariello, Luca (DP SAM;02, Working paper, 2017-02)
      Workers can move across firms and take with them portable skills. This has an impact on how firms are organized and allocate tasks across workers. To reduce mobility, a profit maximizing firm may inefficiently allocate ...
    • An overview of empirical analysis of behavior of fishermen facing new regulation 

      Kvamsdal, Sturla Furunes (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-08)
    • Ownership change and its implications for the match between the plant and its workers 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Haller, Stefanie A. (Discussion paper;10/15, Working paper, 2015-05)
      Is ownership change an opportunity for new owners to make systematic changes in the workforce of the acquired plant? This paper explores the adjustments to plant size and the composition of the workforce that occur around ...
    • Parental leave and maternal employment 

      Kunze, Astrid (SAM DP;01/2022, Working paper, 2022-01-19)
      Numerous studies have investigated whether the provision and generosity of parental leave affects the employment and career prospects of women. Parental leave systems typically provide either short unpaid leave mandated ...
    • Patenting and early industrialization in Norway, 1860-1914 : was there a linkage? 

      Basberg, Bjørn L. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-09)
    • Patient Mobility, Health Care Quality and Welfare 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Levaggi, Rosella; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion Papers;13/2011, Working paper, 2011-08)
      Patient mobility is a key issue in the EU who recently passed a new law on patients right to EU-wide provider choice. In this paper we use a Hotelling model with two regions that differ in technology to study the impact ...
    • Pay and performance in a call centre : principals and agents or principally angels? 

      Aarbu, Karl Ove; Torsvik, Gaute (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-11)
      We use data from a pay reform in an insurance company to contrast different theories of work motivations. The management installed performance pay to boost sales in the customer service centre of the company. The reform ...