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  • How Do Firms Respond to Unions? 

    Dodini, Samuel; Stansbury, Anna; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;25/2023, Working paper, 2023-12-22)
    This paper provides a comprehensive assessment of the margins along which firms in Norway respond to increased union density, using legislative changes in the tax deductibility of union dues as a quasi-exogenous shock to ...
  • The Role of Labor Unions in Immigrant Integration 

    Dodini, Samuel; Willén, Alexander; Zhu, Julia Li (DP SAM;24/2023, Working paper, 2023-12)
    We examine if unions narrow or widen labor market gaps between natives and immigrants. We do so by combining rich Norwegian employer-employee matched register data with exogenous variation in union membership obtained ...
  • The legal incidence of ad valorem taxes matters 

    Pauwels, Wilfried; Schroyen, Fred (DP SAM;23/2023, Working paper, 2023-12-19)
    It is well known that, for a specific tax, its economic incidence does not depend on which side of the market has the legal obligation to pay the tax. In this paper, we show that, for an ad valorem tax, this legal incidence ...
  • Fairness Beliefs Affect Perceived Economic Inequality 

    Støstad, Morten Nyborg (DP SAM;22/2023, Working paper, 2023-12)
    This paper establishes a causal link from fairness beliefs to perceived economic inequality. I conduct an experiment where participants are asked to estimate various income inequality measures of hypothetical societies. ...
  • Unleveling the Playing Field? Experimental Evidence on Parents’ Willingness to Give Their Child an Advantage 

    Sund, Oda (DP SAM;21/2023, Working paper, 2023-12)
    Parents play a pivotal role in shaping the opportunities and outcomes of their children. This paper provides unique evidence on parents’ willingness to give their child an advantage. I report from a large-scale lab-in-the-field ...
  • What Makes Hiring Difficult? Evidence from Linked Survey-Administrative Data 

    Bertheau, Antoine; Larsen, Birthe; Zeyu Zhao (DP SAM;20/2023, Working paper, 2023-12)
    We designed an innovative survey of firms and linked it to Danish administrative data to yield new insights about the factors that can influence firms’ hiring decisions. Several important findings stand out: (1) search and ...
  • Why do committees work? 

    Breitmoser, Yves; Valasek, Justin (DP SAM;18/2023, Working paper, 2023-11-21)
    We report on the results of an experiment designed to disentangle behavioral biases in information aggregation of committees. Subjects get private signals about the state of world, send binary messages, and finally vote ...
  • Taking the competitor’s pill: when combination therapies enter pharmaceutical markets 

    Brekke, Kurt R.; Dalen, Dag Morten; Straume, Odd Rune (DP SAM;19/2023, Working paper, 2023-11-22)
    We study the competitive effects of combination therapies in pharmaceutical markets, which crucially hinge on the additional therapeutic value of combinatory use of drugs and the therapeutic substitutability with the most ...
  • The Consequences of Inequality: Beliefs and Redistributive Preferences 

    Lobeck, Max; Støstad, Morten Nyborg (DP SAM;17/2023, Working paper, 2023-10)
    What matters for individuals’ preferences for redistribution? In this paper we show that consequentialist beliefs about inequality – beliefs about how economic inequality changes the crime rate or the quality of democratic ...
  • Gender-biased technological change: Milking machines and the exodus of women from farming 

    Ager, Philipp; Goñi, Marc; Salvanes, Kjell G. (Working paper, 2023-08-14)
    This paper studies the link between gender-biased technological change in the agricultural sector and structural transformation in Norway. After WWII, Norwegian farms began widely adopting milking machines to replace the ...
  • Natural Resources, Demand for Skills, and Schooling Choices 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Dalla-Zuanna, Antonio; Salvanes, Kjell G. (SAM DP;15/2023, Working paper, 2023-06-30)
    This paper studies the consequences of the buildup of a new economic sector—the Norwegian petroleum industry—on investment in human capital. We assess both short-term and long-term effects for a broad set of educational ...
  • (Breaking) intergenerational transmission of mental health 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Ginja, Rita; Karbownik, Krzysztof; Landaud, Fanny (SAM DP;14/2023, Working paper, 2023-06-30)
    We estimate health associations across generations and dynasties using information on healthcare visits from administrative data for the entire Norwegian population. A parental mental health diagnosis is associated with a ...
  • Experimental Evidence on the Acceptance of Males Falling Behind 

    Cappelen, Alexander W.; Falch, Ranveig; Tungodden, Bertil (SAM DP;13/2023, Working paper, 2023)
    In recent decades, an increasing share of males struggle in the labor market and education. We show in a set of large-scale experimental studies involving more than 30,000 Americans that people are more accepting of males ...
  • The Career Effects of Union Membership 

    Dodini, Samuel; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Willén, Alexander; Zhu, Li (SAM DP;12/2023, Working paper, 2023-05)
    We combine exogenous variation in union membership with detailed administrative data and a novel field survey to estimate the career effects of labor union membership. In the survey, we show how workers perceive the role ...
  • Parenthood and the Gender Gap in Commuting 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Karadakic, René; Willén, Alexander (SAM DP;11/2023, Working paper, 2023-05)
    Childbirth increases the opportunity cost of commuting and makes it difficult for both parents to work far away from home. Using detailed Norwegian register data, we show that the commuting patterns of men and women diverge ...
  • Free to Fail? Paternalistic Preferences in the United States 

    Bartling, Björn; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hermes, Henning; Skivenes, Marit; Tungodden, Bertil (SAM DP;09/2023, Working paper, 2023-05-16)
    We study paternalistic preferences in two large-scale experiments with participants from the general population in the United States. Spectators decide whether to intervene to prevent a stakeholder, who is mistaken about ...
  • Competition and risk taking in local bank markets: evidence from the business loans segment 

    Canta, Chiara; Nilsen, Øivind A.; Ulsaker, Simen A. (SAM DP;10/2023, Working paper, 2023-05-18)
    This paper studies empirically the relationship between competition and risk taking in banking markets. We exploit an unique dataset providing information about all bank loans to Norwegian firms over several years. Rather ...
  • Underrepresentation, Quotas and Quality: A dynamic argument for reform 

    Arve, Malin; Valasek, Justin (SAM DP;08/2023, Working paper, 2023-05)
    The trade-off between increased representation and perceived quality is central to the debate on how to address underrepresentation in high-profile professions. We address this trade-off using a dynamic model of career ...
  • Swallow this: Childhood and Adolescent Exposure to Fast Food Restaurants, BMI, and Cognitive Ability 

    Abrahamsson, Sara; Bütikofer, Aline; Karbownik, Krzysztof (SAM DP;07/2023, Working paper, 2023-05-06)
    Using spatial and temporal variation in openings of fast food restaurants in Norway between 1980 and 2007, we study the effects of changes in the supply of high caloric nutrition on the health and cognitive ability of young ...
  • Cancel the deal? An experimental study on the exploitation of irrational consumers 

    Cappelen, Alexander W.; Meissner, Stefan; Tungodden, Bertil (SAM DP;06/2023, Working paper, 2023-04-06)
    Consumers can sometimes be exploited because they make mistakes in their valuation of products. We present the results from a large-scale experimental study that examines whether third-party spectators from the general ...

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