Nye registreringer

  • Nepotism vs. Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital in Academia (1088–1800) 

    de la Croix, David; Goñi, Marc (DP SAM;09/2021, Working paper, 2021-03-16)
    We argue that the waning of nepotism in academia bolstered scientific production in pre-industrial Europe. We build a database of families of scholars (1088–1800), measure their scientific output, and develop a general ...
  • Fairness and Willingness to Compete 

    Buser, Thomas; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;08/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
    The large experimental literature on competitiveness has typically ignored a key feature of many competitive settings in society: competition is not always fair. The playing field may be uneven and competitors of unequal ...
  • Understanding the Decline in Private Sector Unionization: A Skill-based Approach 

    Dodini, Samuel; Lovenheim, Michael; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;07/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
    Private-sector unionization rates have fallen precipitously in the United States over the past half century, from 25% in 1973 to only 7% in 2018. We take a skill-based approach to studying this decline, using data from the ...
  • Size-based input price discrimination under endogenous inside options 

    Evensen, Charlotte B.; Foros, Øystein; Haugen, Atle; Kind, Hans Jarle (DP SAM;06/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
    Individual retailers may choose to invest in a substitute to a dominant supplier’s products (inside option) as a way of improving its position towards the supplier. Given that a large retailer has stronger investment ...
  • How Do People Trade Off Resources Between Quick and Slow Learners? 

    Falch, Ranveig (DP SAM;05/2021, Working paper, 2021-02)
    How society invests in human capital is important for economic growth and social welfare. The paper reports from the first experiment designed to elicit people’s preferences for how to prioritize educational resources, ...
  • Income Inequality and Mortality: A Norwegian Perspective 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Karadakic, René; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;04/2021, Working paper, 2021-01)
    While Norway has experienced income growth accompanied by a large decline in mortality during the past several decades, little is known about the distribution of these improvements in longevity across the income distribution. ...
  • Unemployment shocks, cyclical prices and shopping behavior 

    Aursland, Thor Andreas; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;03/2021, Working paper, 2021-01)
    We use rich data from Norway’s biggest grocery chain to show how households and grocery stores react to changing economic conditions. We exploit the regional nature of a recession following the drop in the oil price in ...
  • Jobs and technology in general equilibrium: A three-elasticities approach 

    Baldwin, Richard; Haaland, Jan I.; Venables, Anthony J. (DP SAM;01/2021, Working paper, 2021-01-21)
    The impact of technological progress on jobs and wages has been subject to much empirical and some theoretical work. However, most of this literature has not addressed the general equilibrium interplay between the productive ...
  • Informed Enforcement: Lessons from Pollution Monitoring in China 

    Axbard, Sebastian; Deng, Zichen (DP SAM;01/2021, Working paper, 2021-01-07)
    Government regulations are often imperfectly enforced by public officials. In this study, we investigate if real-time monitoring of policy outcomes can improve enforcement of existing regulations by exploring the introduction ...
  • Postpartum Job Loss: Transitory Effect on Mothers, Long-run Damage to Children 

    Willage, Barton; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;22/2020, Working paper, 2020-11)
    The first year after childbirth involves dramatic changes to parents’ lives and is crucial for children’s development. Using plausibly exogenous job loss from mass layoffs, we study the effect of labor shocks on mothers ...
  • School Selectivity, Peers, and Mental Health 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Ginja, Rita; Landaud, Fanny; Løken, Katrine V. (DP SAM;21/2020, Working paper, 2020-10-14)
    Although many students suffer from anxiety and depression, and students often identify school pressure and concerns about their futures as the main reasons for their worries, little is known about the consequences of a ...
  • Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms 

    Johnsen, Julian Vedeler; Vaage, Kjell; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;20/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
    Anticipating the labor market effects of welfare reforms is difficult due to public policy interactions across programs and among household members. Specifically, changes to one program may affect individual take-up of ...
  • Adverse selection into competition: Evidence from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania 

    Almås, Ingvild; Berge, Lars Ivar; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Somville, Vincent; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;19/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
    An influential literature has shown that women are less willing to compete than men, and the gender gap in competition may contribute to explaining gender differences in educational choices and labor market outcomes. This ...
  • Does Wealth Reduce Support for Redistribution? Evidence from an Ethiopian Housing Lottery 

    Andersen, Asbjørn G; Franklin, Simon; Tigabu, Getahun; Kotsadam, Andreas; Somville, Vincent; Villanger, Espen (DP SAM;18/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
    We provide causal evidence of how an increase in wealth affects support for redistribution and beliefs about the causes of poverty. Exploiting the variation in wealth created by an Ethiopian housing lottery, we show that ...
  • The Wealth of a Nation: Norways Road to Prosperity 

    Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;17/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
    The present paper discusses Norway’s way to prosperity during the two last centuries. The main reason for its wealth seems to have been the ability to meet international demand by utilizing its rich natural resources, ...
  • The Effect of Gender-Targeted Transfers: Experimental Evidence From India 

    Almås, Ingvild; Somville, Vincent; Vanderwalle, Lore (DP SAM;16/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
    Women are the primary recipients of many welfare programs around the world. Despite frequent claims that targeting women induces beneficial consumption shifting and gender equality, the empirical evidence on the effect of ...
  • A Poorly Understood Disease? The Unequal Distribution of Excess Mortality Due to COVID-19 Across French Municipalities 

    Brandily, Paul; Brébion, Clément; Briole, Simon; Khoury, Laura (DP SAM;15/2020, Working paper, 2020-08)
    While COVID-19 was responsible for more than 600,000 deaths worldwide as of July 24, 2020, very little is known about the socio-economic heterogeneity of its impact on mortality. In this paper, we combine several administrative ...
  • A Second Chance? Labor Market Returns to Adult Education Using School Reforms 

    Bennett, Patrick; Blundell, Richard; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;14/2020, Working paper, 2020-08)
    Roughly one third of a cohort drop out of high school across OECD countries, and developing effective tools to address prime-aged high school dropouts is a key policy question. We leverage high quality Norwegian register ...
  • Competition and Career Advancement: The Hidden Costs of Paid Leave 

    Johnsen, Julian; Ku, Hyejin; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;13/2020, Working paper, 2020)
    Does leave-taking matter for young workers’ careers? If so, why? We propose the competition effect—relative leave status of workers affecting their relative standing inside the firm—as a new explanation. Exploiting a policy ...
  • Puritan Motivation for Serial Entrepreneurship: The Haugean Example 

    Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;12/2020, Working paper, 2020-08)
    It is well known that protestant and puritan environments historically have fostered entrepreneurs. This paper looks at serial entrepreneurship which took place in Norway in the 19th century in networks led by the puritan ...

Vis flere