Recent Submissions

  • Co-location, good, bad or both: How does new entry of discount variety store affect local grocery business? 

    Evensen, Charlotte B.; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (SAM DP;17/2021, Working paper, 2021)
    We analyze 69 entries and relocations by the Norwegian discount variety chain Europris during the period 2016 to 2019. We measure how its location choices affect local grocery stores’ performance, using a diff-in-diff ...
  • Behavioral Barriers and the Socioeconomic Gap in Child Care Enrollment 

    Hermes, Henning; Lergetporer, Philipp; Peter, Frauke; Wiederhold, Simon (SAM DP;16/2021, Working paper, 2021-09-01)
    Children with lower socioeconomic status (SES) tend to benefit more from early child care, but are substantially less likely to be enrolled. We study whether reducing behavioral barriers in the application process increases ...
  • Price Change Synchronization within and between Firms 

    Nilsen, Øivind A.; Skuterud, Håvard; Webster, Ingeborg Munthe-Kaas (SAM DP;15/2021, Working paper, 2021-08)
    This paper provides evidence on price rigidity at the product- and firm-level in Norway. A strong within-firm synchronization is found supporting the theory of economies of scope in menu costs. The industry synchronization ...
  • The Making of Social Democracy: The Economic and Electoral Consequences of Norway’s 1936 Folk School Reform 

    Acemoglu, Daron; Pekkarinen, Tuomas; Salvanes, Kjell G.; Sarvimäki, Matti (SAM DP;14/2021, Working paper, 2021-08)
    Upon assuming power for the first time in 1935, the Norwegian Labour Party delivered on its promise for a major schooling reform. The reform raised minimum instruction time in less developed rural areas and boosted the ...
  • The impact of targeting technologies and consumer multi-homing on digital platform competition 

    Evensen, Charlotte Bjørnhaug; Haugen, Atle (SAM DP;13/2021, Working paper, 2021-06)
    In this paper, we address how targeting and consumer multi-homing impact platform competition and market equilibria in two-sided markets. We analyze platforms that are financed by both advertising and subscription fees, ...
  • Public policy, resource rent and ethics: The case of the Norwegian petroleum industry 

    Hunnes, John A.; Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;12/2021, Working paper, 2021-05)
    The present paper seeks to explain how ethics and values in public policy can be result of different historical contingencies. Specifically, it explains the accomplishment of petroleum resource management in Norway. The ...
  • Material resources and well-being – Evidence from an Ethiopian housing lottery 

    Andersen, Asbjørn G; Kotsadam, Andreas; Somville, Vincent (DP SAM;11/2021, Working paper, 2021-04-26)
    Do better material conditions improve well-being and mental health? Or does any positive relationship merely reflect that psychological well-being promotes economic success? We supply new responses to these questions by ...
  • Divergent Integration 

    Haaland, Jan I.; Wooton, Ian (DP SAM;10/2021, Working paper, 2021-04-16)
    Trade liberalisation is often characterised as either preferential or non-discriminatory but not all preferential trade agreements are the same. We focus on non-tariff measures that can constitute barriers to trade and ...
  • Nepotism vs. Intergenerational Transmission of Human Capital in Academia (1088–1800) 

    de la Croix, David; Goñi, Marc (DP SAM;09/2021, Working paper, 2021-03-16)
    We argue that the waning of nepotism in academia bolstered scientific production in pre-industrial Europe. We build a database of families of scholars (1088–1800), measure their scientific output, and develop a general ...
  • Fairness and Willingness to Compete 

    Buser, Thomas; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;08/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
    The large experimental literature on competitiveness has typically ignored a key feature of many competitive settings in society: competition is not always fair. The playing field may be uneven and competitors of unequal ...
  • Understanding the Decline in Private Sector Unionization: A Skill-based Approach 

    Dodini, Samuel; Lovenheim, Michael; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;07/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
    Private-sector unionization rates have fallen precipitously in the United States over the past half century, from 25% in 1973 to only 7% in 2018. We take a skill-based approach to studying this decline, using data from the ...
  • Size-based input price discrimination under endogenous inside options 

    Evensen, Charlotte B.; Foros, Øystein; Haugen, Atle; Kind, Hans Jarle (DP SAM;06/2021, Working paper, 2021-03)
    Individual retailers may choose to invest in a substitute to a dominant supplier’s products (inside option) as a way of improving its position towards the supplier. Given that a large retailer has stronger investment ...
  • How Do People Trade Off Resources Between Quick and Slow Learners? 

    Falch, Ranveig (DP SAM;05/2021, Working paper, 2021-02)
    How society invests in human capital is important for economic growth and social welfare. The paper reports from the first experiment designed to elicit people’s preferences for how to prioritize educational resources, ...
  • Income Inequality and Mortality: A Norwegian Perspective 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Karadakic, René; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;04/2021, Working paper, 2021-01)
    While Norway has experienced income growth accompanied by a large decline in mortality during the past several decades, little is known about the distribution of these improvements in longevity across the income distribution. ...
  • Unemployment shocks, cyclical prices and shopping behavior 

    Aursland, Thor Andreas; Steen, Frode; Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;03/2021, Working paper, 2021-01)
    We use rich data from Norway’s biggest grocery chain to show how households and grocery stores react to changing economic conditions. We exploit the regional nature of a recession following the drop in the oil price in ...
  • Jobs and technology in general equilibrium: A three-elasticities approach 

    Baldwin, Richard; Haaland, Jan I.; Venables, Anthony J. (DP SAM;01/2021, Working paper, 2021-01-21)
    The impact of technological progress on jobs and wages has been subject to much empirical and some theoretical work. However, most of this literature has not addressed the general equilibrium interplay between the productive ...
  • Informed Enforcement: Lessons from Pollution Monitoring in China 

    Axbard, Sebastian; Deng, Zichen (DP SAM;01/2021, Working paper, 2021-01-07)
    Government regulations are often imperfectly enforced by public officials. In this study, we investigate if real-time monitoring of policy outcomes can improve enforcement of existing regulations by exploring the introduction ...
  • Postpartum Job Loss: Transitory Effect on Mothers, Long-run Damage to Children 

    Willage, Barton; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;22/2020, Working paper, 2020-11)
    The first year after childbirth involves dramatic changes to parents’ lives and is crucial for children’s development. Using plausibly exogenous job loss from mass layoffs, we study the effect of labor shocks on mothers ...
  • School Selectivity, Peers, and Mental Health 

    Bütikofer, Aline; Ginja, Rita; Landaud, Fanny; Løken, Katrine V. (DP SAM;21/2020, Working paper, 2020-10-14)
    Although many students suffer from anxiety and depression, and students often identify school pressure and concerns about their futures as the main reasons for their worries, little is known about the consequences of a ...
  • Interactions in Public Policies: Spousal Responses and Program Spillovers of Welfare Reforms 

    Johnsen, Julian Vedeler; Vaage, Kjell; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;20/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
    Anticipating the labor market effects of welfare reforms is difficult due to public policy interactions across programs and among household members. Specifically, changes to one program may affect individual take-up of ...

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