• A continuous consumer price index for Norway 1492-2017 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;26/2018, Working paper, 2018-11)
      This manuscript presents a new combined annual cost of living and consumer price index for Norway covering the period 1492-2017. When previous Norwegian historical consumer price indices partly were constructed on the basis ...
    • A Meritocratic Origin of Egalitarian Behavior 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Mollestrom, Johanna; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;09/2019, Working paper, 2019-04-29)
      The meritocratic fairness ideal implies that inequalities in earnings are regarded as fair only when they reflect differences in performance. Consequently, implementation of the meritocratic fairness ideal requires complete ...
    • Adverse selection into competition: Evidence from a large-scale field experiment in Tanzania 

      Almås, Ingvild; Berge, Lars Ivar; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Somville, Vincent; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;19/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      An influential literature has shown that women are less willing to compete than men, and the gender gap in competition may contribute to explaining gender differences in educational choices and labor market outcomes. This ...
    • Beliefs About Racial Discrimination and Support for Pro-Black Policies 

      Haaland, Ingar; Roth, Christopher (DP SAM;02/2019, Working paper, 2019-02-05)
      We examine whether beliefs about racial discrimination causally affect support for pro-black policies. Using representative samples of Americans, we elicit quantitative and incentivized beliefs about the extent of labor ...
    • Building Bridges and Widening Gaps: Efficiency Gains and Equity Concerns of Labor Market Expansions 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Løken, Katrine V.; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;19/2019, Working paper, 2019-10-20)
      We exploit the opening of a large bridge to study how access to a larger labor market affects economic efficiency, and how these potential efficiency gains are distributed across workers. The bridge we study connected the ...
    • Can Female Doctors Cure the Gender STEMM Gap? Evidence from Randomly Assigned General Practitioners 

      Riise, Julie; Willage, Barton; Willen, Alexander (DP SAM;18/2019, Working paper, 2019-10)
      We use random assignment of general practitioners (GPs) to provide the first evidence on the effects of female role models in childhood on the long-run educational outcomes of girls. We find that girls who are exposed to ...
    • Competition and Career Advancement: The Hidden Costs of Paid Leave 

      Johnsen, Julian; Ku, Hyejin; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;13/2020, Working paper, 2020)
      Does leave-taking matter for young workers’ careers? If so, why? We propose the competition effect—relative leave status of workers affecting their relative standing inside the firm—as a new explanation. Exploiting a policy ...
    • Competitiveness, gender and handedness: a large-sample intercultural study 

      Buser, Thomas; Cappelen, Alexander; Gneezy, Uri; Hoffman, Moshe; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;02/2020, Working paper, 2020-01)
      We conduct a large-scale intercultural experiment to elicit competitiveness and ask whether individual and gender differences in competitiveness are partially determined by nature. We use being a “lefty” (i.e., having ...
    • Cutthroat capitalism versus cuddly socialism: Are Americans more meritocratic and efficiency-seeking than Scandinavians? 

      Almas, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;04/2019, Working paper, 2019-02)
      There are striking differences in inequality and redistribution between the United States and Scandinavia. To study whether there are corresponding differences in social preferences, we conducted a large-scale international ...
    • Do Generous Parental Leave Policies Help Top Female Earners? 

      Corekcioglu, Gozde; Francesconi, Marco; Kunze, Astrid (DP SAM;07/2020, Working paper, 2020-05)
      Generous government-mandated parental leave is generally viewed as an effective policy to support women’s careers around childbirth. But does it help women to reach top positions in the upper pay echelon of their firms? ...
    • Does Wealth Reduce Support for Redistribution? Evidence from an Ethiopian Housing Lottery 

      Andersen, Asbjørn G; Franklin, Simon; Tigabu, Getahun; Kotsadam, Andreas; Somville, Vincent; Villanger, Espen (DP SAM;18/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      We provide causal evidence of how an increase in wealth affects support for redistribution and beliefs about the causes of poverty. Exploiting the variation in wealth created by an Ethiopian housing lottery, we show that ...
    • The Effect of Gender-Targeted Transfers: Experimental Evidence From India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Somville, Vincent; Vanderwalle, Lore (DP SAM;16/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      Women are the primary recipients of many welfare programs around the world. Despite frequent claims that targeting women induces beneficial consumption shifting and gender equality, the empirical evidence on the effect of ...
    • Employment Effects of Healthcare Policy: Evidence from the 2007 FDA Black Box Warning on Antidepressants 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Cronin, Cristopher; Skira, Meghan (DP SAM;01/2019, Working paper, 2019-01-04)
      Public policies aimed at improving health may have indirect effects on outcomes such as education and employment. We study the labor market effects of a 2007 regulatory action by the US Food and Drug Administration, in ...
    • Energy Intensity and the Environmental Kuznets Curve 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Lindmark, Magnus; Minde, Kjell Bjørn (DP SAM;11/2020, Working paper, 2020-07)
      During the last decades several scholars have argued that environmental degradation first increases in initial phases of economic growth, and thereafter declines as economic growth enters a certain level in developed ...
    • Entitled to Leave: the impact of Unenployment Insurance Eligibility on Employment Duration and Job Quality 

      Khoury, Laura; Brébion, Clément; Briole, Simon (DP SAM;01/2020, Working paper, 2020-01-13)
      Entitlement conditions are a little explored dimension of unemployment insurance (UI) schemes. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive evaluation of a reform that softened the minimum employment record condition to qualify ...
    • Evaluating Carbon Capture and Storage in a Climate Model with Endogenous Technical Change 

      Durmaz, Tunç; Schroyen, Fred (DP SAM;22/2019, Working paper, 2019-10-16)
      We assess the extent to which Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) and R&D on this abatement technology are part of a socially efficient solution to the problem of climate change. For this purpose, we extend the intertemporal ...
    • Evidence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve in Emerging Eastern European Economies 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Koilo, Viktoriia (DP SAM;11/2019, Working paper, 2019-05)
      This study aims to investigate the relationship of economic development, measured as economic growth, energy use, trade and foreign direct investment one the one hand and environmental degradation (carbon dioxide (hereafter ...
    • Exclusionary contracts and incentives to innovate 

      Ulsaker, Simen A. (DP SAM;05/2020, Working paper, 2020-06)
      The article considers a situation where several firms have the opportunity to sell an identical product to a set of buyers, and where each seller can invest in R&D to develop a higher quality version of the product in ...
    • From Employment to Engagement? Stable Jobs, Temporary Jobs, and Cohabiting Relationships 

      Landaud, Fanny (DP SAM;10/2019, Working paper, 2019-04)
      Family formation has been substantially delayed in recent decades, and birth rates have fallen below the replacement rates in many OECD countries. Research suggests that these trends are tightly linked to recent changes ...
    • Going Fast or Going Green? Evidence from Environmental Speed Limits in Norway 

      Folgerø, Ingrid Kristine; Harding, Torfinn; Westby, Benjamin S. (DP SAM;17/2019, Working paper, 2019-10-03)
      This paper studies the impact of speed limits on local air pollution using a series of datespecific speed limit reductions in Oslo over the 2004-2011 period. We find that lowering the speed limit from 80 to 60 km/h reduces ...