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  • A Distributional Robust Analysis of Buyback and Cap-and-Trade Policies 

    Fakhrabadi, Mahnaz; Sandal, Leif K. (Discussion paper;5/24, Working paper, 2024-02-20)
    This study delves into a dynamic Stackelberg game comprised of a manufacturer and a retailer, operating in an environment with fluctuating demand and price-dependent consumer behavior. The multi-period optimization challenges ...
  • Tax Complexity as Price Discrimination 

    Agersnap, Ole; Bjørkheim, Julie Brun (Discussion paper;4/24, Working paper, 2024-02-05)
    Most tax systems around the world are highly complex. While several economists have studied the potential costs associated with tax complexity, few have explored if complexity can also have beneficial effects. In a novel ...
  • Climate Policy and Trade in Polluting Technologies 

    Ferguson, Shon M.; Heijmans, Roweno J.R.K. (Discussion paper;3/24, Working paper, 2024-01-30)
    This paper studies international trade in equipment used in the combustion of fossil fuels. Informed by a theoretical analysis, we identify a type of technology leakage hitherto unexplored in the literature: a country’s ...
  • Time Horizons and Emissions Trading 

    Heijmans, Roweno J.R.K.; Engström, Max (Discussion paper;2/24, Working paper, 2024-01-23)
    We study dynamic cap-and-trade schemes in which a policy of adjustable allowance supply determines the cap on emissions. Focusing on two common supply policies, price and quantity mechanisms, we investigate how the duration ...
  • Forecasting price spikes in day-ahead electricity markets: techniques, challenges, and the road ahead 

    Sheybanivaziri, Samaneh; Le Dréau, Jérôme; Kazmi, Hussain (Discussion paper;1/24, Working paper, 2024-01-17)
    Due to the increase in renewable energy production and global socioeconomic turmoil, the volatility in electricity prices has considerably increased in recent years, leading to extreme positive and negative price spikes ...
  • Guarantees of Origin and Competition in the Spot Electricity Market 

    Blázquez, Mario; Hovdahl, Isabel; Arve, Malin; Bjørndal, Endre; Bjørndal, Mette (Discussion paper;24/23, Working paper, 2023-12-15)
    We study the effect of introducing a market for green energy attributes on the market for the energy itself. In Europe, renewable energy producers receive Guarantees of Origin (GOs) that they can sell to consumers who wish ...
  • Matched Dispatching in Randomized Settings 

    Lillestøl, Jostein; Manne, Per (Discussion paper;23/23, Working paper, 2023-12-11)
    This paper examines some problems of matched dispatching in some different random settings. The context of presentation is that of a reality show with a lineup of the participants, and according to some probabilistic ...
  • Lost in Information: National Implementation of Global Tax Agreements 

    Alstadsæter, Annette; Casi, Elisa; Miethe, Jakob; Stage, Barbara M. B. (Discussion paper;22/23, Working paper, 2023-11-13)
    We study how national implementation of global tax agreements shape their effectiveness by focusing on the multilateral agreement on automatic information exchange on financial assets, the Common Reporting Standard (CRS). ...
  • Home bias in shareholder voting 

    Li, Xuan (Discussion paper;21/23, Working paper, 2023-11-10)
    Institutional investors’ proxy voting decisions are influenced by their geographic proximity to portfolio firms. Using a sample of over 50 million votes cast by U.S. and non-U.S. investors globally, I find that investors ...
  • Unraveling Coordination Problems 

    Heijmans, Roweno J.R.K. (Discussion paper;20/23, Working paper, 2023-11-09)
    The interplay between strategic beliefs and policy complicates policy design in coordination games. To untangle this relationship, we study policy design in the context of equilibrium selection. We characterize the unique ...
  • Evaluating Norway’s electric vehicle incentives 

    Cincotta, Costanza; Thomassen, Øyvind (Discussion paper;19/23, Working paper, 2023-11-08)
    We use product-level data from 2000 to 2021 to evaluate Norway’s incentives for consumers to choose electric vehicles. These include taxes on fossil fuels, EV exemption from car purchase taxes, and other incentives, like ...
  • Time and frequency dynamics of connectedness between green bonds, clean energy markets and carbon prices 

    Ringstad, Ingrid Emilie Flessum; Tselika, Kyriaki (Discussion paper;18/23, Working paper, 2023-11-07)
    In this paper, we investigate the time and frequency dynamics of connectedness among green assets such as green bonds, clean energy markets, and carbon prices. Using daily price data, we explore return spillovers across ...
  • Hidden semi-Markov models for rainfall-related insurance claims 

    Shi, Yue; Punzo, Antonio; Otneim, Håkon; Maruotti, Antonello (Discussion paper;17/23, Working paper, 2023-11-06)
    We analyze the temporal structure of a novel insurance dataset about home insurance claims related to rainfall-induced damage in Norway, and employ a hidden semi-Markov model to capture the non-Gaussian nature and temporal ...
  • Optimization-based Evacuation on Cruise Vessels Using Two-way Communication 

    Velez, Andres; Wallace, Stein W. (Discussion paper;16/23, Working paper, 2023-10-31)
    We study the evacuation of large cruise vessels under hazardous conditions. Based on a new sensor mesh technology, allowing wire-less two-way communication also when electricity is lost, we propose an optimization-based ...
  • Intuitive probability of non-intuitive events 

    Aase, Knut K. (Discussion paper;15/23, Working paper, 2023-09-29)
    Quantitative probability in the subjective theory is assumed to be finitely additive and defined on all the subsets of an underlying state space. Functions from this space into an Euclidian n-space create a new probability ...
  • Committee preferences and information acquisition 

    Arve, Malin; Desrieux, Claudine (Discussion paper;14/23, Working paper, 2023-09-28)
    We study committees whose task is to make a binary decision where the correct decision depends on the state of the world that is imperfectly known. Committee members can exert effort to learn about the true state of the ...
  • Multi-Periodic Distributional-Robust Stackelberg Game with Price-History-Dependent Demand and Environmental Corrective Actions 

    Fakhrabadi, Mahnaz; Sandal, Leif K. (Discussion paper;13/23, Working paper, 2023-09-22)
    The paper investigates a multi-period supply channel facing uncertain and price-history dependent demands and environmental regulations. The knowledge about the demands is limited to its mean and standard deviation in each ...
  • Citizenship/Residence by Investment and Digital Nomad Visas: The Golden Era of Individual Tax Evasion and Avoidance? 

    Casi, Elisa; Mardan, Mohammed; Stage, Barbara M. B. (Discussion paper;12/23, Working paper, 2023-08-31)
    In recent decades, increased mobility of capital and labor improved individuals’ opportunities to avoid or evade tax. This chapter explores two programs commonly provided by tax havens that facilitate individuals in dodging ...
  • Probabilistic forecasting of electricity prices using an augmented LMARX-model 

    Andersson, Jonas; Sheybanivaziri, Samaneh (Discussion paper;11/23, Working paper, 2023-07-11)
    In this paper, we study the performance of prediction intervals in situations applicable to electricity markets. In order to do so we first introduce an extension of the logistic mixture autoregressive with exogenous ...
  • Relational incentive contracts for teams of multitasking agents 

    Kvaløy, Ola; Olsen, Trond E. (Discussion paper;10/23, Working paper, 2023-06-30)
    We analyze optimal relational contracts for a group (team) of multitasking agents with hidden actions. Contracts are based on noisy signals that may be correlated across agents and between tasks. The optimal contract defines ...

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