Now showing items 625-644 of 869

    • Regional growth in Western Europe : an empirical exploration of interactions with agriculture and agricultural policy 

      Bivand, Roger S.; Brunstad, Rolf Jens (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-01)
      Studies of convergence of regional growth in Western Europe have given varying results, depending on the addition of conditioning variables and estimation methods, as well as underlying models. This exploration adds ...
    • Regional growth in Western Europe : detecting spatial misspecification using the R environment 

      Bivand, Roger S.; Brunstad, Rolf Jens (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-01)
      The work discussed in Bivand and Brunstad (2003) was an attempt to throw light on apparent variability in regional convergence in relation to agriculture as a sector subject to powerful political measures, in Western ...
    • Regional policy and rent seeking : targeted versus broad based policies 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Coniglio, Nicola D. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-04)
      Policies aimed at promoting regional development have often had disappointing results. The present paper offers an explanation for why such policies may fail, and, more importantly, analyses how policies may be designed ...
    • Regional policy design : an analysis of relocation, efficiency and equity 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-02)
      Despite substantial regional expenditures at both national and community level, European regional policies do not appear to deliver. The evidence suggests that neither efficiency gains nor reduced regional inequalities are ...
    • Regulation and pricing of pharmaceuticals : reference pricing or price cap regulation? 

      Grasdal, Astrid Louise; Brekke, Kurt Richard; Holmås, Tor Helge (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-09)
      We study the relationship between regulatory regimes and pharmaceutical firms’ pricing strategies using a unique policy experiment from Norway, which in 2003 introduced a reference price (RP) system called “index pricing” ...
    • Regulation of pollution in a Cournot equilibrium 

      Mathiesen, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-06)
      In the traditional Cournot model producers influence each other’s decisions through revenue earned in the product market. Rosen (1965) introduced the notion of a coupled constraints equilibrium which allowed players to ...
    • Regulation, generic competition and pharmaceutical prices : theory and evidence from a natural experiment 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Holmås, Tor Helge; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-12)
      We study the impact of regulatory regimes on generic competition and pharmaceutical pricing using a unique policy experiment in Norway, where reference pricing (RP) replaced price cap regulation in 2003 for a sub-sample ...
    • Relational Incentive Contracts and Performance Measurement. 

      Chi, Chang Koo; Olsen, Trond E. (DP SAM;7/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
      This paper analyzes relational contracts under moral hazard. We first show that if the available information (signal) about effort satisfies a generalized monotone likelihood ratio property, then irrespective of whether ...
    • Relationship learning with key customers 

      Sallis, James (Doctoral thesis, 2002)
    • Relative purchasing power parity and the European monetary union: Evidence from eastern Europe 

      Findreng, Jon Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      This paper examine whether relative purchasing power parity holds for Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Romania and Turkey versus Germany over the period January 1999 to May 2013. We investigate the real ...
    • Relative wages and trade-induced changes in technology 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Ekholm, Karolina (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      We develop a model where trade liberalization leads to skill-biased technological change, which in turn raises the relative return to skilled labor. When firms get access to a larger market, the relative profitability of ...
    • Relocating the responsibility cut : should more responsibility imply less redistribution? 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-12)
      Liberal egalitarian theories of justice argue that inequalities arising from non-responsibility factors should be eliminated, but that inequalities arising from responsibility factors should be accepted. The paper discusses ...
    • Rent Sharing with Footloose Production. Foreign Ownership and Wages Revisited 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Sæthre, Morten (Discussion paper;30/14, Working paper, 2014-09)
      We present a bargaining model of wage and employment determina- tion, where we show that foreign acquisitions might hurt the bargaining outcome of powerful unions by giving the firm a credible threat to move production ...
    • A repeat sailings index of ocean freight rates for the 1850s 

      Klovland, Jan Tore (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      The middle of the nineteenth century has long been a challenge to researchers of ocean freight rates. The data originating from the circulars of the London shipbroker firm of Angier Brothers have been the basis of much ...
    • Resale price maintenance and restrictions on dominant firm and industry-wide adoption 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Shaffer, Greg (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-06)
      This paper examines the use of market-share thresholds (safe harbors) in evaluating whether a given vertical practice should be challenged. Such thresholds are typically found in vertical restraints guidelines (e.g., the ...
    • Resolving distributional conflicts between generations 

      Asheim, Geir B.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-05)
      We describe a new approach to the problem of resolving distributional conflicts between an infinite and countable number of generations. We impose conditions on the social preferences that capture the following idea: ...
    • Responsibility and reward 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      It is not straightforward to define the ethics of responsibility in cases where the consequences of factors under our control are partly affected by factors outside our control. One way to approach this issue is to ask ...
    • Responsibility for what? Fairness and individual responsibility 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      What should individuals be held responsible for? This is a fundamental question in much of the contemporary debate on distributive justice. Different fairness ideals, such as strict egalitarianism, and different versions ...
    • Rettferdig ulikhet 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Haaland, Ingar Kyrkjebø; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Hvilke ulikheter oppfattes som rettferdige? Vi presenterer resultatet fra en surveyundersøkelse med et nasjonalt representativt utvalg av den norske befolkningen. Hovedfunnet er at nordmenn synes ulikheter kan være både ...
    • Rettferdighet på hjernen 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Hjernen har lenge vært en sort boks for økonomer, men i økende grad har økonomer begynt å studere hvilke mentale prosesser som ligger bak folks valg. Ikke minst forsøker man å forstå hvorfor folk noen ganger velger å gjøre ...