Now showing items 771-790 of 882

    • The gender wage gap in developed countries 

      Kunze, Astrid (DP SAM;09/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      Despite the increased attachment of women to the labour force in nearly all developed countries, a stubborn gender pay gap remains. This chapter provides a review of the economics literature on the gender wage gap, with ...
    • The impact of information on female empowerment in low-income households in Kenya : a pilot study 

      Gudevold, Tiril Johansen; Kjørholt, Ida Elisabeth H. (Master thesis, 2016)
      This thesis studies how targeting cash transfers to women affects their empowerment under private and common information structures in low-income households in Kenya. It is based on a research project which consists of ...
    • The impact of international tax information exchange agreements on the use of tax amnesty: evidence from Norway 

      Andersson, Jonas; Schroyen, Fred; Torsvik, Gaute (DP SAM;16/2019, Working paper, 2019-09)
      In this paper we develop a model for tax amnesty applications in a multi-period setting. One key insight from the model is that applying for amnesty becomes more attractive at the moment when stricter enforcement is ...
    • The Impact of Paid Maternity Leave on Maternal Health 

      Bütikofer, Äline; Riise, Julie; Skira, Meghan (DP SAM;4/2018, Working paper, 2018-03)
      We examine the impact of the introduction of paid maternity leave in Norway in 1977 on maternal health. Before the policy reform, mothers were eligible for 12 weeks of unpaid leave. Mothers giving birth after July 1, 1977 ...
    • The impact of regional environmental regulations on empirical vessel speeds 

      Ådland, Roar Os; Fonnes, Gro; Jia, Haiying; Daae Lampe, Ove; Strandenes, Siri Pettersen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Economic theory suggests that the use of more expensive low-sulphur fuel within an Emission Control Area (ECA) should result in lower vessel speeds. The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically, for the first ...
    • The impact of regional environmental regulations on empirical vessel speeds 

      Ådland, Roar Os; Fonnes, Gro; Jia, Haiying; Daae Lampe, Ove; Strandenes, Siri Pettersen (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      Economic theory suggests that the use of more expensive low-sulphur fuel within an Emission Control Area (ECA) should result in lower vessel speeds. The objective of this paper is to investigate empirically, for the first ...
    • The impact of the classical microfinance contract on the poor entrepreneur : a field experiment on entrepreneurs in Tanzania 

      Sandven, Bjørg Rabbe; Thormodsen, Sara Skilhagen (Master thesis, 2012-06)
      This master thesis studies the impact of the classical repayment contract in microfinance, and whether the contract is constraining the investment behavior of the poor entrepreneur. To illuminate how the repayment contract ...
    • The Local Economic Impact of Wind Power Deployment 

      May, Nils G.; Nilsen, Øivind Anti (Discussion paper;09/15, Working paper, 2015-04)
      Globally installed wind power capacity has grown tremendously since 2000. This study focuses on the local economic impacts of wind power deployment. A theoretical model shows that wind power deployment is not necessarily ...
    • The long term impact of the 1918 influenza pandemic in Norway 

      Bakken, Magnus Røthe; Husøy, Sigrid Johanne (Master thesis, 2016)
      A growing literature show the negative effect of prenatal health shocks on childhood and adult outcomes. Several studies exploit disease outbreaks to find causal effects of in utero exposure on various outcomes. We build ...
    • The market in economics : behavioural assumptions and value judgments 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper;12/2014, Working paper, 2014-04)
      This paper tries to convey the essence of the economic theory of behaviour of individuals and firms to an audience of non-economists. The hypotheses of utility and profit maximization and their use as building blocks in ...
    • The merit primacy effect 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Moene, Karl Ove; Skjelbred, Siv-Elisabeth; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;6/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      Do people give primacy to merit when luck partly determines earnings? This paper reports from a novel experiment where third-party spectators have to decide whether to redistribute from a high-earner to a low-earner in ...
    • The pluralism of fairness ideals: An experimental approach 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hole, Astri Drange; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2007)
      A core question in the contemporary debate on distributive justice is how to understand fairness in situations involving production. Important theories of distributive justice, such as strict egalitarianism, liberal ...
    • The Poking Effect: Price Changes, Information, and Inertia in the Market for Mobile Subscriptions 

      Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Røhr, Helene Lie; Sæthre, Morten (DP SAM;23/2018, Working paper, 2018-11)
      We study consumer inertia in the mobile subscription market, focusing on the decision of whether to switch to a competing provider. To identify the extent of inertia, we exploit price changes faced by 270,000 consumers of ...
    • The power of money : wealth effects in contests 

      Schroyen, Fred; Treich, Nicolas (Discussion Papers;13/2013, Working paper, 2013-06)
      Two wealth effects typically arise in any contest: i) wealth decreases the marginal cost of effort, but also ii) decreases the marginal benefit of winning the contest. In this paper, we introduce three types of strategic ...
    • The principal problem in political economy : income distribution in the history of economic thought 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion Papers;15/2013, Working paper, 2013-09)
      The paper considers the history of theories of income distribution, from the time of Adam Smith until the 1970s. It is divided into two main parts. Part I considers the positive theory of income distribution, beginning ...
    • The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism the Haugian way 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper;1/2012, Working paper, 2012-02)
      On the basis of availabale sources the present paper seeks to map entrepreneural industrial activities the Norwegian puritan revivalist Hans Nielsen Hauge (1771- 1824) was involved in and quantify his financial activities. ...
    • The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism: Entrepreneurship of the Norwegian Puritan Leader Hans Nielsen Hauge. 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      The present paper deals with Max Webers hypothesis on the linkage between protestant ethics and the development of capitalism and entreprenaurship. It does so by study industrial entrepreneurship the great Norwegian puritan ...
    • The Public Economics of Climate Change 

      Sandmo, Agnar (SAM;27/2015, Working paper, 2015-11-19)
      This paper considers the challenges to the field of public economics that arise from the issue of global warming. It outlines the argument for viewing the global climate as a public good and describes the problems that ...
    • The public procurement of information systems: dialectics in requirements specification 

      Moe, Carl Erik; Newman, Michael; Sein, Maung Kyaw (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      When acquiring information systems, public entities face a dilemma. On the one hand, they want to procure the system that best suits their needs, which often requires lengthy dialogues with vendors. At the same time, they ...
    • The Role of Parenthood on the Gender Gap among Top Earners 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Jensen, Sissel; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;9/2018, Working paper, 2018-04)
      Is the wage penalty due to motherhood larger among highly qualified women? In this paper, we study the effect of parenthood on the careers of high-achieving women relative to high-achieving men in a set of high-earning ...