Now showing items 1-20 of 102

    • Climate Policy and the steel industry: achieving global emission reductions by an incomplete climate agreement 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Mæstad, Ottar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2004)
      The steel industry is one of the largest sources of global CO 2 emissions and hence a candidate for climate policies. A carbon tax on emissions in industrialized countries, however, will cause relocation of steel production ...
    • Why the apple doesn't fall far: Understanding intergenerational transmission of human capital 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell G. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2005)
      Parents with higher education levels have children with higher education levels. Why is this? There are a number of possible explanations. One is a pure selection story: the type of parent who has more education and earns ...
    • The pluralism of fairness ideals: An experimental approach 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Hole, Astri Drange; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2007)
      A core question in the contemporary debate on distributive justice is how to understand fairness in situations involving production. Important theories of distributive justice, such as strict egalitarianism, liberal ...
    • Optimal labor income taxation under maximin : an upper bound 

      Jacquet, Laurence (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper compares marginal income tax rates for the maximin versus a welfarist criterion in the standard Mirleesian optimal income tax problem. It derives fairly mild conditions under which the former is higher than the ...
    • Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people’s fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for ...
    • Small family, smart family? Family size and the IQ scores of young men 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper uses Norwegian data to estimate the effect of family size on IQ scores of men. Instrumental variables (IV) estimates using sex composition as an instrument show no significant negative effect of family size; ...
    • Company taxation and tax spillovers: Separate accounting versus formula apportionment 

      Nielsen, Søren Bo; Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      It is observed in the real world that taxes matter for location decisions and that multinationals shift profits by transfer pricing. The US and Canada use so-called formula apportionment (FA) to tax corporate income, and ...
    • Responsibility for what? Fairness and individual responsibility 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      What should individuals be held responsible for? This is a fundamental question in much of the contemporary debate on distributive justice. Different fairness ideals, such as strict egalitarianism, and different versions ...
    • The tyranny of non-aggregation versus the tyranny of aggregation in social choices: a real dilemma 

      Fleurbaey, Marc; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Can a tiny gain to sufficiently many well-off justify imposing a much larger sacrifice on the worst-off? We show that if one answers negatively to such a question and endorses replication invariance, one is forced to accept ...
    • Markup cyclicality and input factor adjustments 

      Askildsen, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Øivind Anti (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper investigates the existence of markups and their cyclical behaviour at the industry sector level. Markups are given as a price-cost relation that is estimated from a dynamic, structural model of the firm. The ...
    • Antarctic Tourism and Maritime Heritage 

      Basberg, Bjørn L. (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      Maritime activities in the Antarctic region date back to the eighteenth century. They evolved from exploration and discoveries to commercial enterprises, especially sealing, whaling and fishing. Antarctic tourism is a much ...
    • Teaching business in Tanzania: evaluating participation and performance 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      There is increased awareness that success among small-scale entrepreneurs in developing countries requires more than microfinance, and that an important limiting factor for business growth is the level of human capital ...
    • The challenge of a rising skill premium for redistributive taxation 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Cappelen, Alexander Wright (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      The present paper analyzes the challenge to redistribution programs posed by an increase in the skill premium. The skill premium affects both the profitability of education and the profitability of migration. We propose a ...
    • Vindkraft og vannkraft : Norge som kraftbatteri for Europa? 

      Hope, Einar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Vil det være samfunnsøkonomisk lønnsomt for Norge å investere i flere overføringsforbindelser av kraft til utlandet for derved å utnytte produksjonsegenskapene ved norsk vannkraft til i større grad å fungere som et ...
    • Baby booming inequality? Demographic change and earnings inequality in Norway, 1967–2000 

      Almås, Ingvild; Havnes, Tarjei; Mogstad, Magne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      In this paper, we demonstrate how age-adjusted inequality measures can be used to evaluate whether changes in inequality over time are due to changes in the age-structure. To this end, we use administrative data on ...
    • Merger simulations with observed diversion ratios 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      One approach to merger simulations used in antitrust cases is to calibrate demand from market shares and a few additional parameters. When the products involved in the merger case are differentiated along several dimensions, ...
    • Single-product versus uniform SSNIPs 

      Sørgard, Lars; Daljord, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      It is common to apply a SSNIP test with a uniform price increase on all products in the candidate market. We show that in situations with asymmetries – for example variations in revenues – a uniform SSNIP test may suggest ...
    • Priceless: The nonpecuniary benefits of schooling 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Oreopoulos, Philip (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      Increasing wealth provides key motivation for students to forgo earnings and struggle through exams. But, as we argue in this paper, schooling generates many experiences and affects many dimensions of skill that, in turn, ...
    • Business Training in Tanzania: From Research-driven Experiment to Local Implementation 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Juniwaty, Kartika Sari; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Field experiments documenting positive treatment effects have a strong policy message: scale up! However, such experiments are typically implemented under close supervision of the research group in charge of the study. In ...
    • Adferdsøkonomi og økonomiske eksperimenter F 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Tungodden, Bertil (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2012)