Now showing items 67-86 of 105

    • Rags and Riches: Relative Prices, Non-Homothetic Preferences, and Inequality in India 

      Almås, Ingvild; Kjelsrud, Anders Grøn (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2017)
      It is well known that consumption patterns change with income. Relative price changes would therefore affect rich and poor consumers differently. Yet, the standard price indices are not income-specific, and hence, they ...
    • Reducing Early Pregnancy in Low-Income Countries : a literature review and new evidence 

      Berge, Lars Ivar Oppedal; Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Maalim, Amina Mohamed; Somville, Vincent; Tungodden, Bertil (Chapter; Peer reviewed, 2018)
    • Relative purchasing power parity and the European monetary union: Evidence from eastern Europe 

      Findreng, Jon Håkon (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      This paper examine whether relative purchasing power parity holds for Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Romania and Turkey versus Germany over the period January 1999 to May 2013. We investigate the real ...
    • Responsibility for what? Fairness and individual responsibility 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      What should individuals be held responsible for? This is a fundamental question in much of the contemporary debate on distributive justice. Different fairness ideals, such as strict egalitarianism, and different versions ...
    • Rettferdighet på hjernen 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Hjernen har lenge vært en sort boks for økonomer, men i økende grad har økonomer begynt å studere hvilke mentale prosesser som ligger bak folks valg. Ikke minst forsøker man å forstå hvorfor folk noen ganger velger å gjøre ...
    • Rettferdig ulikhet 

      Almås, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Haaland, Ingar Kyrkjebø; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Hvilke ulikheter oppfattes som rettferdige? Vi presenterer resultatet fra en surveyundersøkelse med et nasjonalt representativt utvalg av den norske befolkningen. Hovedfunnet er at nordmenn synes ulikheter kan være både ...
    • Revisiting 'mothers and sons' preference formation and the female labor force in Switzerland 

      Bütikofer, Aline (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013-01)
      This paper analyzes the interrelation between men's gender role attitudes and female labor supply decision. Following Fernández, Fogli, and Olivetti (2004), I argue that the recent increases in the female labor market ...
    • Revisiting the Boston data set. Changing the units of observation affects estimated willingness to pay for clean air 

      Bivand, Roger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Harrison, Rubinfeld (1978c) used a hedonic model to find out how house values were affected by air pollution in Boston, when other variables were taken into consideration. Their primary interest was in estimating willingness ...
    • Risk Taking and Fiscal Smoothing with Sovereign Wealth Funds in Advanced Economies 

      Mork, Knut A.; Lindset, Snorre (Peer reviewed, 2019)
      In an economy with a sovereign wealth fund (SWF), the government may draw on the fund to supplement other government revenues. If the fund is invested in risky assets, this introduces a new stochastic element into the ...
    • Sequential exporting 

      Albornoz, Facundo; Calvo Pardo, Héctor F.; Corcos, Gregory (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Many new exporters give up exporting very shortly, despite substantial entry costs; others shoot up foreign sales and expand to new destinations. We develop a model based on experimentation to rationalize these and other ...
    • Single-product versus uniform SSNIPs 

      Sørgard, Lars; Daljord, Øystein (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      It is common to apply a SSNIP test with a uniform price increase on all products in the candidate market. We show that in situations with asymmetries – for example variations in revenues – a uniform SSNIP test may suggest ...
    • Small family, smart family? Family size and the IQ scores of young men 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper uses Norwegian data to estimate the effect of family size on IQ scores of men. Instrumental variables (IV) estimates using sex composition as an instrument show no significant negative effect of family size; ...
    • Software for Spatial Statistics 

      Bivand, Roger; Pebesma, Edzer; Ribeiro, Paulo Justiano (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      We give an overview of the papers published in this special issue on spatial statistics, of the Journal of Statistical Software. 21 papers address issues covering visualization (micromaps, links to Google Maps or Google ...
    • Spatial Data Analysis with R-INLA with Some Extensions 

      Bivand, Roger; Gómez-Rubio, Virgilio; Rue, Håvard (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015-01)
      The integrated nested Laplace approximation (INLA) provides an interesting way of approximating the posterior marginals of a wide range of Bayesian hierarchical models. This approximation is based on conducting a Laplace ...
    • Spatial diffusion and spatial statistics: revisting Hägerstrand’s study of innovation diffusion. 

      Bivand, Roger (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Torsten Hägerstrand’s 1953 study of innovation diffusion [1] was pathbreaking in many ways. It was based on an explicit micro-model of information spread, and on Monte Carlo simulation of the hypothesised spatial process. ...
    • Spillovers from US monetary policy: evidence from a time varying parameter global vector auto-regressive model 

      Crespo Cuaresma, Jesus; Doppelhofer, Gernot Peter; Feldkircher, Martin; Huber, Florian (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2019)
      The paper develops a global vector auto-regressive model with time varying parameters and stochastic volatility to analyse whether international spillovers of US monetary policy have changed over time. The model proposed ...
    • Strictly for the birds? On ecosystem services of forage fish 

      Hannesson, Røgnvaldur (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Small pelagic fish like sardine, anchovy and herring feed on zooplankton and are in turn prey for fish higher up in the food chain. They are therefore expected to play a vital role in transfer of energy between levels ...
    • Sustainable recursive social welfare functions 

      Asheim, Geir B.; Mitra, Tapan; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      What ethical criterion for intergenerational justice should be adopted, e.g., when faced with the task of managing the global environment? Koopmans’ axiomatization of discounted utilitarianism is based on seemingly compelling ...
    • Sustainable recursive social welfare functions 

      Asheim, Geir Bjarne; Mitra, Tapan; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      What ethical criterion for intergenerational justice should be adopted, e.g., when faced with the task of managing the global environment? Koopmans’ axiomatization of discounted utilitarianism is based on seemingly compelling ...
    • Tax-adjusted Discount Rates: a General Formula under Constant Leverage Ratios 

      Molnar, Peter; Nyborg, Kjell Gustav (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2013)
      Cooper and Nyborg (2008) derive a tax-adjusted discount rate formula under a constant proportion leverage policy, investor taxes and risky debt. However, their analysis assumes zero recovery in default. We extend their ...