Now showing items 240-259 of 506

    • Merger negotiations with stock market feedback 

      Betton, Sandra; Eckbo, B. Espen; Thompson, Rex; Thorburn, Karin S. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-05)
    • Mergers and partial ownership 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Shaffer, Greg (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-12)
      In this paper we compare the profitability of a merger between two firms (one firm fully acquires another) and the profitability of a partial ownership arrangement between the same two firms in which the acquiring firm ...
    • A method for numerical and analytical solutions to a class of nonlinear optimal control problems 

      Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Berge, Gerhard (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-02)
      Dynamic optimization problems cover a great class of problems in theoretical and applied economics and technology. In this account the exploitation of a general renewable capital stock is modeled through an alternative ...
    • A microeconomic approach to distance-deterrence functions in modeling journeys to work 

      Glenn, Paul; Thorsen, Inge; Ubøe, Jan (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001)
      In this paper we suggest a microeconomic model for how commuting flows relate to traveling distance. Commuting is the preferred choice of a worker whenever he can obtain an increase in wages greater than the cost of ...
    • Missing in Action? Speed optimization and slow steaming in maritime shipping 

      Assmann, Lisa; Andersson, Jonas; Eskeland, Gunnar S. (Discussion paper;13/15, Working paper, 2015-03-12)
      This paper analyzes the claim, made by both academics and by industry insiders, that vessels speed up under conditions of high freight rates and low bunker prices. The rationale for the claim is that a ship should move ...
    • Misspecifications due to aggregation of data in models for journeys-to-work 

      Gitlesen, Jens Petter; Thorsen, Inge; Ubøe, Jan (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-10)
      In this paper we develop a new simulation procedure that can be used to examine validity of model extensions. Our testing regime is carried out on a number of different trip distribution models. We test the models on ...
    • Mixed contracts for the newsvendor problem with real options 

      Jörnsten, Kurt; Nonås, Sigrid Lise; Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Ubøe, Jan (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-04)
    • Mixed Member Proportional; equal influence and assembly size 

      Stensholt, Eivind (Discussion paper;10/20, Working paper, 2020-08-31)
      With the present (2020) tally rules, the number of seats in the Bundestag is highly volatile. In 2017 it got 709 seats, 111 of them extra-ordinary. The tally rules may double the influence of a voter who splits the vote; ...
    • MMP-elections and the assembly size 

      Stensholt, Eivind (Discussion paper;15/19, Working paper, 2019-10-30)
      MMP (Mixed Member Proportional) elections for legislatures have ballots with one vote in a local single seat tally and one vote for a party list in a multi-seat tally. In Germany, the multi-seat tally occasionally violated ...
    • A model of deferred callability in defautable debt 

      Mjøs, Aksel; Persson, Svein-Arne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-05)
    • Modeling an integrated market for sawlogs, pulpwood and forest bioenergy 

      Kong, Jiehong; Rönnqvist, Mikael; Frisk, Mikael (Discussion paper;2011:11, Working paper, 2011-06)
      Traditionally, most applications in the initial stage of forest supply chain deal with sawlogs to sawmills, pulpwood to pulp or paper mills and forest residues to heating plants. However, in the past decades, soaring ...
    • Modeling freight markets for coal 

      Andersson, Jonas; Jörnsten, Kurt; Strandenes, Siri Pettersen; Ubøe, Jan (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-12)
      In this paper we study bulk shipping of coal between the central regions in the world. We compare the performance of cost-minimizing models with a gravity model approach. The main nding in the paper is that cost minimizing ...
    • Modeling heterogeneity in trip-distributions with partial information 

      Jörnsten, Kurt; Kleppe, Gisle; Thorsen, Inge; Ubøe, Jan (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007)
      In this paper we propose a modified gravity model that takes into account that a population generally consists of heterogeneous groups, and we suggest a new statistical test for heterogeneity. We apply our new model to two ...
    • Modeling international financial returns with a multivariate regime switching copula 

      Chollete, Lorán; Heinen, Andreas; Valdesogo, Alfonso (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-03)
      In order to capture observed asymmetric dependence in international financial returns, we construct a multivariate regime-switching model of copulas. We model dependence with one Gaussian and one canonical vine copula ...
    • Modeling the dynamics of regulated resource systems : a fishery example 

      Ussif, Al-Amin M. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-06)
      In this paper we develop a discrete-time model of jointly managed fisheries. Most modern real world fisheries are shared or jointly exploited and are under some kind of regulation. The regulatory part of the fishery in ...
    • Modelling social welfare effects of relocation and road pricing 

      Babri, Sahar; McArthur, David Philip; Thorsen, Inge; Ubøe, Jan (Discussion paper;42/14, Working paper, 2014-12)
      Road pricing is a popular congestion reduction strategy. However, there may be wider impacts associated with a road toll. We consider a factor which is sometimes overlooked, namely that workers and rms may choose to ...
    • Monetary policy implementation: A European Perspective 

      Bindseil, Ulrich; Nyborg, Kjell G. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-02)
      Monetary policy implementation is one of the most significant areas of interaction between central banking and financial markets. Historically, how this interaction takes place has been viewed as having an important impact ...
    • More is less : the tax effects of ignoring flow externalities 

      Sandal, Leif Kristoffer; Steinshamn, Stein Ivar; Grafton, R. Quentin (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-11)
      Using a model of nonlinear decay of the stock pollutant, and starting from the same initial conditions, the paper shows that a tax that only corrects for stock externalities can, at the steady state, be higher than a tax ...
    • Multinationals, minority ownership and tax-efficient financing structures 

      Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-10)
      We model how multinationals structure their borrowing and lending transactions and find that affiliates in high-tax countries have higher internal and overall debt ratios and lower rental rates of physical capital than ...
    • Multinationals, regulatory competition and outside options 

      Olsen, Trond E.; Osmundsen, Petter (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-12)
      Lower barriers to entry and developments in world capital markets have increased the actual and potential mobility of multinational enterprises. This poses challenges for host countries’ tax and regulation policies. The ...