Now showing items 43-62 of 493

    • Backhauling in forest transportation : models, methods and practical usage 

      Carlsson, Dick; Rönnqvist, Mikael (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006)
      Transportation planning in forestry is divided into strategic, tactical and operational depending on the length of the planning horizon. We consider a tactical problem of finding efficient backhauling routes. Given a set ...
    • Bank Supervision after the Financial Crisis: Signals from the Market for Liquidity 

      Nyborg, Kjell G. (Discussion paper;14/15, Working paper, 2015-04-10)
      The financial turmoil that we have been living with since August 2007 has left central banks, regulators, politicians, and economists with two big, overriding questions: How do we best get out of the crisis and how should ...
    • Batteries in Offshore Support vessels - Pollution, climate impact and economics 

      Lindstad, Haakon Elizabeth; Eskeland, Gunnar S.; Rialland, Agathe (Discussion paper;21/16, Working paper, 2016-12-07)
      This paper assesses the pros and the cons of installing batteries on offshore support vessels. These vessels are specially designed to provide services to oil and gas operations, such as anchor handling, supply and subsea ...
    • Bayesian estimation of NIG-parameters by Markov chain Monte Carlo methods 

      Lillestøl, Jostein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-01)
      The Normal Inverse Gaussian (NIG) distribution recently introduced by Barndorff-Nielsen (1997) is a promising alternative for modelling financial data exhibiting skewness and fat tails. In this paper we explore the Bayesian ...
    • A behavioral explanation of the relative performance evaluation puzzle 

      Fershtman, Chaim; Hvide, Hans K.; Weiss, Yoram (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-11)
      We study the effects of competitive preferences, where Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) compare their wage to the wage of other CEOs within the same industry, and derive additional utility from being ahead of them. We show ...
    • Benefit efficient statistical distributions on patient lists 

      Ubøe, Jan; Lillestøl, Jostein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006)
      In this paper we consider statistical distributions of different types of patients on the patient lists of doctors. In our framework different types of patients have different preferences regarding their preferred choice ...
    • Best estimate reporting with asymmetric loss 

      Lillestøl, Jostein; Sinding-Larsen, Richard (Discussion paper;07/15, Working paper, 2015-01-30)
      This paper considers the problem of point prediction based on a predictive distribution, representing the uncertainty about the outcome. The issue explored is the reporting of a single characteristic, typically the mean, ...
    • Beta-creaming 

      Lillestøl, Jostein; Sinding-Larsen, Richard (Discussion paper;08/15, Working paper, 2015-02-09)
      This paper considers sampling proportional to expected size from a partly unknown distribution. The applied context is the exploration for undiscovered resources, like oil accumulations in different deposits, where the ...
    • Beyond the local mean-variance analysis in continuous time. The problem of non-normality 

      Aase, Knut K.; Lillestøl, Jostein (Discussion paper;11/15, Working paper, 2015-02-23)
      The paper investigates the effects of deviations from normality on the estimates of risk premiums and the real equilibrium, short-term interest rate in the conventional rational expectations equilibrium model of Lucas ...
    • Bidding and performance in repo auctions : evidence from ECB open market operations 

      Bindseil, Ulrich; Nyborg, Kjell G.; Strebulaev, Ilya A. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-07)
      Repo auctions are used to inject central bank funds against collateral into the banking sector. The ECB uses standard discriminatory auctions and hundreds of banks participate. The amount auctioned over the monthly reserve ...
    • Bidding in mandatory bankruptcy auctions : theory and evidence 

      Eckbo, B. Espen; Thorburn, Karin S. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-07)
      We analyze bidding incentives and present evidence on takeover premiums in mandatory Swedish bankruptcy auctions, where three-quarters of the firms are sold as going concerns. The bankrupt firms’ main creditors (banks) ...
    • A branch and price algorithm for the combined vehicle routing and scheduling problem with synchronization constraints 

      Bredström, David; Rönnqvist, Mikael (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007)
      In this paper we present a branch and price algorithm for the combined vehicle routing and scheduling problem with synchronization constraints. The synchronization constraints are used to model situations when two or more ...
    • Callable risky perpetual debt : options, pricing and bankruptcy implications 

      Mjøs, Aksel; Persson, Svein-Arne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-01-05)
      Issuances of perpetual risky debt are often motivated by capital requirements for financial institutions. However, observed market practice indicates that actual maturity equals first possible call date. We analyze callable ...
    • Can an Emission Trading Scheme really reduce CO2 emissions in the short term? Evidence from a maritime fleet composition and deployment model 

      Gu, Yewen; Wallace, Stein W.; Wang, Xin (Discussion paper;10/18, Working paper, 2018-06-27)
      Global warming has become one of the most popular topics on this planet in the past decades, since it is the challenge that needs the efforts from the whole mankind. Maritime transportation, which carries more than 90% of ...
    • Capital structure and international debt shifting: a comment 

      Møen, Jarle; Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-08)
      In a recent article, Huizinga, Laeven and Nicodème (2008) present a novel model that motivates an extensive empirical analysis of international debt shifting. We point out that the model fails to account for internal ...
    • Capital Taxation and Imperfect Competition: ACE vs. CBIT 

      Brekke, Kurt; Pires, Armando José Garcia; Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper;37/14, Working paper, 2014-11)
      This paper studies the market and welfare effects of two main tax reforms – the Corporate Business Income Tax (CBIT) and the Allowance for Corporate Equity tax (ACE). Using an imperfect-competition model for a small open ...
    • Career concerns, monetary incentives and job design 

      Kaarbøe, Oddvar M.; Olsen, Trond E. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-12)
      We study optimal incentive contracts when commitments are limited, and agents have multiple tasks and career concerns. The agent career concerns are determined by the outside market. We show that the principal might want ...
    • Career concerns, multiple tasks, and short-term contracts 

      Kaarbøe, Oddvar M.; Olsen, Trond E. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-12)
      We study optimal incentive contracts when commitments are limited, and agents have multiple tasks and career concerns. The agent career concerns are determined by the outside market. We show that the optimal compensation ...
    • Cashier fraud : data analysis in a context 

      Lillestøl, Jostein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999)
      A true story is told about the role of a statistical expert witness in a cashier fraud case. It illustrates Shewhart’s first principle of understanding data: "Data have no meaning apart from their context". It may be used ...
    • Centrality Computation in Weighted Networks Based on Edge-Splitting Procedure 

      Belik, Ivan; Jörnsten, Kurt (Discussion paper;40/14, Working paper, 2014-12)
      The analysis of network’s centralities has a high-level significance for many real-world applications. The variety of game and graph theoretical approaches has a paramount purpose to formalize a relative importance of ...