Now showing items 157-176 of 651

    • Employment changes, the structure of adjustment costs, and plant size 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Schiantarelli, Fabio (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-11)
      In this paper we analyze the pattern of employment adjustment using a rich panel of Norwegian plants. The data suggest that the frequency of episodes of zero net employment changes is inversely related to plant size. We ...
    • Employment Effects of Healthcare Policy: Evidence from the 2007 FDA Black Box Warning on Antidepressants 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Cronin, Cristopher; Skira, Meghan (DP SAM;01/2019, Working paper, 2019-01-04)
      Public policies aimed at improving health may have indirect effects on outcomes such as education and employment. We study the labor market effects of a 2007 regulatory action by the US Food and Drug Administration, in ...
    • Employment policies at the plant level : job and worker flows for heterogeneous labour in Norway 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-03)
      Despite the large degree of plant-specific heterogeneity in turnover patterns recently found in the gross job and worker literature, very little is known about the sources of the heterogeneity in plant level employment policies. ...
    • Employment Protection and Child Development 

      Willén, Alexander; Willage, Barton; Riise, Julie (SAM DP;19/2022, Working paper, 2022-12)
      This paper exploits conditional random assignment of patients to general practitioners to calculate a leniency measure of paid sick leave certification. We link these data to information on the human capital development ...
    • Empowering the disabled through savings groups: Experimental evidence from Uganda. 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;5/2018, Working paper, 2018-03)
      We report from the first randomized controlled trial of a development program targeting people with disabilities: a village savings‐ and loans program in rural Uganda. We find that it has had a strong, positive impact ...
    • Endogenous average cost based access pricing 

      Fjell, Kenneth; Foros, Øystein; Pal, Debashis (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      We consider an industry where a downstream competitor requires access to an upstream facility controlled by a vertically integrated and regulated incumbent. The literature on access pricing assumes the access price to ...
    • Endogenous multihoming and network effects: Playstation, Xbox, or both? 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Stähler, Frank (SAM DP;02/22, Working paper, 2022-02)
      Competition between firms that sell incompatible varieties of network products might be fierce, because it is important for each of them to attract a large number of users. The literature therefore predicts that stronger ...
    • Endogenous product differentiation in credit markets : what do borrowers pay for? 

      Kim, Moshe; Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard; Vale, Bent (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-11)
      This paper studies strategies pursued by banks in order to differentiate their services from those of their rivals. In that way competition among banks is softened. More specifically we analyze if the bank size, the ...
    • Energy Intensity and the Environmental Kuznets Curve 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Lindmark, Magnus; Minde, Kjell Bjørn (DP SAM;11/2020, Working paper, 2020-07)
      During the last decades several scholars have argued that environmental degradation first increases in initial phases of economic growth, and thereafter declines as economic growth enters a certain level in developed ...
    • Energy storage and renewable energy 

      Durmaz, Tunç (Discussion paper;18/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      I consider an economy with fossil fuel and renewable energy and energy storage, and search for the conditions that lead to welfare improvements when energy is stored. I then solve for the optimal decision rule and analyze ...
    • Enforcement vs deterrence in merger control : can remedies lead to lower welfare? 

      Cosnita-Langlais, Andreea; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper;7/2014, Working paper, 2014-03)
      This paper deals with the enforcement of merger policy, and aims to study how merger remedies affect the deterrence accomplished by controlling mergers. We determine the optimal frequency of investigations launched by ...
    • Entitled to Leave: the impact of Unenployment Insurance Eligibility on Employment Duration and Job Quality 

      Khoury, Laura; Brébion, Clément; Briole, Simon (DP SAM;01/2020, Working paper, 2020-01-13)
      Entitlement conditions are a little explored dimension of unemployment insurance (UI) schemes. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive evaluation of a reform that softened the minimum employment record condition to qualify ...
    • Entry in telecommunication : customer loyalty, price sensitivity and access prices 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      The purpose of this article is to investigate the prospects for entry into an existing network in the telecommunication industry, and how public policy may promote a more competitive outcome. We apply a model that captures ...
    • Environmental taxation and revenue for development 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-10)
      This paper considers the role of global environmental taxes both as instruments for improving the global environment and as a source of revenue for funding economic development. It reviews the general case for environmental ...
    • Equity theory and fair inequality: a neuroconomic study 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Eichele, Tom; Hugdahl, Kenneth; Specht, Karsten; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper;19/15, Working paper, 2015-08)
      The present paper reports results from the first study designed to examine the neuronal responses to income inequality in situations in which individuals have made different contributions in terms of work effort. ...
    • EU integration and outsiders : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Baldwin, Richard E.; Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-02)
      This paper focuses on the location effects of preferential trade areas (PTA) on non-members. More specifically, using a CGE model calibrated to real data, it focuses on the impact of tighter European integration on ...
    • Euler Equations, Subjective Expectations and Income Shocks 

      Attanasio, Orazio; Kovacs, Agnes; Molnar, Krisztina (DP SAM;21/2018, Working paper, 2018)
      In this paper, we make three substantive contributions: first, we use elicited subjective income expectations to identify the levels of permanent and transitory income shocks in a life-cycle framework; second, we use these ...
    • Euler Equations, Subjective Expectations and Income Shocks. 

      Attanasio, Orazio; Kovacs, Agnes; Molnar, Krisztina (DP SAM;05, Working paper, 2017-04)
      In this paper, we make three substantive contributions: first, we use elicited subjective income expectations to identify the levels of permanent and transitory income shocks in a life-cycle framework; second, we use these ...
    • A European type wage equation from an American type labour market : some evidence from a panel of Norwegian manufacturing industries in the 1930s 

      Bårdsen, Gunnar; Klovland, Jan Tore; Doornik, Jurgen A. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-09)
      Using a newly constructed panel of manufacturing industry data for interwar Norway, we estimate a long-run wage curve for the 1930s that has all the modern features of being homogeneous in prices, proportional to ...
    • Evaluating carbon capture and storage in a climate model with directed technical change 

      Durmaz, Tunç; Schroyen, Fred (Discussion Papers;14/2013, Working paper, 2013-08)
      Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is considered a critical technology needed to curb CO2 emissions and is envisioned by the International Energy Agency (IEA) as an integral part of least-cost greenhouse gas mitigation ...