Now showing items 225-244 of 654

    • Gasoline prices jump up on Mondays : an outcome of aggressive competition? 

      Foros, Øystein; Steen, Frode (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-03)
      This paper examines Norwegian gasoline pump prices using daily station-specific observations from March 2003 to March 2006. Whereas studies that have analyzed similar price cycles in other countries find support for the ...
    • Gender differences in entry wages and early career wages 

      Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-05)
      This paper investigates the gender wage gap in entry wages and in the early career for German skilled workers in the period 1975-1990. We use a new administrative longitudinal data source that allows to observe complete work ...
    • Gender diversity, labour in the boardroom and gender quotas 

      Kunze, Astrid; Scharfenkamp, Katrin (SAM DP;16/2022, Working paper, 2022-10-31)
      This study investigates boards of (non-executive) directors and whether employee representation has a positive effect on gender diversity on boards. We exploit rich, newly assembled board–director matched panel data for ...
    • Gender wage gap studies : consistency and decomposition 

      Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-12)
      This paper reviews the empirical literature on the gender wage gap, with particular attention given to the identification of the key parameters in human capital wage regression models. This is of great importance in the ...
    • Gender-biased technological change: Milking machines and the exodus of women from farming 

      Ager, Philipp; Goñi, Marc; Salvanes, Kjell G. (Working paper, 2023-08-14)
      This paper studies the link between gender-biased technological change in the agricultural sector and structural transformation in Norway. After WWII, Norwegian farms began widely adopting milking machines to replace the ...
    • Geocomputation and open source software:components and software stacks 

      Bivand, Roger S. (Discussion Papers;23/2011, Working paper, 2011-11)
      Geocomputation, with its necessary focus on software development and methods innovation, has enjoyed a close relationship with free and open source software communities. These extend from communities providing the ...
    • Give and take in dictator games 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Nielsen, Ulrik H.; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil; Tyran, Jean-Robert (Discussion paper;14/2012, Working paper, 2012-07)
      It has been shown that participants in the dictator game are less willing to give money to the other participant when their choice set also includes the option to take money. We examine whether this effect is due to the ...
    • Global income inequality and cost-of-living adjustment : the Geary–Allen world accounts 

      Almås, Ingvild; Sørensen, Erik Ø. (Discussion paper;20/2012, Working paper, 2012-10)
      Standard ways of measuring real income are known to be inconsistent with consumer preferences. We provide preference-consistent estimates of real income, based on the income-specific price indices that are consistent ...
    • Global public economics : public goods and externalities 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      This paper extends the normative analysis of public goods and externalities to an international setting. The first part considers the optimal allocation of a global public good. Whether global production efficiency is ...
    • Globalisation and maritime labour in Norway after World War II 

      Tenold, Stig (Discussion paper;17/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      This paper looks at how "Globalisation" – narrowly defined as the causes and effects of increased international economic integration – has influenced the demand for and supply of maritime products and services, with a ...
    • Globalisation and the mix of wage and profit taxes 

      Haufler, Andreas; Klemm, Alexander; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-02)
      This paper analyses the development of the ratio of corporate taxes to wage taxes using a simple political economy model with internationally mobile and immobile firms. Among other results, our model predicts that countries ...
    • Globalisation and the welfare state : more inequality – less redistribution? 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-02)
      This paper considers the possible connection between globalisation and inequality in Western welfare states. There are a number of theoretical reasons why increased trade and factor mobility should lead to more inequality ...
    • Globalisation, inequality and redistribution 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Bjorvatn, Kjetil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      The present paper seeks to explain the pattern of income redistribution in a globalised world of increased market income inequality and lower costs of factor mobility. In some countries, larger market income inequality ...
    • Globalization, industrial policy and clusters 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Forslid, Rikard (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      This paper analyses industrial policy in a high wage open economy hosting an agglomeration consisting of vertically linked upstream and downstream firms. We show that optimal policy towards upstream industries typically ...
    • Going Fast or Going Green? Evidence from Environmental Speed Limits in Norway 

      Folgerø, Ingrid Kristine; Harding, Torfinn; Westby, Benjamin S. (DP SAM;17/2019, Working paper, 2019-10-03)
      This paper studies the impact of speed limits on local air pollution using a series of datespecific speed limit reductions in Oslo over the 2004-2011 period. We find that lowering the speed limit from 80 to 60 km/h reduces ...
    • Going Fast or Going Green? Evidence from Environmental Speed Limits in Norway 

      Folgerø, Ingrid Kristine; Harding, Torfinn; Westby, Benjamin S. (DP SAM;12/2017, Working paper, 2017-08)
      This paper studies the impact of speed limits on local air pollution, using a series of datespecific speed limit reductions in Oslo over the 2004-2015 period. We find that lowering the speed limit from 80 to 60 km/h reduces ...
    • Good skills in bad times : cyclical skill mismatch and the long-term effects of graduating in a recession 

      Liu, Kai; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Sørensen, Erik Ø. (Discussion paper;16/2012, Working paper, 2012-08)
      We show that cyclical skill mismatch, defined as mismatch between the skills supplied by college graduates and skills demanded by hiring industries, is an important mechanism behind persistent career loss from graduating ...
    • Growth in public finances as tool for control : Norwegian development 1850-1950 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (Discussion paper;15/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      By drawing on information from public accounts from the nineteenth and twentieth century the present paper aims at mapping the development of key financial indicators for the Norwegian central government sector. It ...
    • Guided through the "Red tape"? : information sharing and foreign direct investment 

      Balsvik, Ragnhild; Skaldebø, Line Tøndel (Discussion paper;3/2013, Working paper, 2013-02)
      What drives the observed tendency of new FDI, other things equal, to be attracted to locations where many other foreign investors are located? One explanation in the literature on FDI location is that expected bene ts ...
    • Habit formation, strategic extremism and debt policy 

      Thøgersen, Øystein; Matsen, Egil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-12)
      We suggest a probabilistic voting model where voters’ preferences for alternative public goods display habit formation. Current policies determine habit levels and in turn the future preferences of the voters. This allows ...