Now showing items 337-356 of 575

    • Oh Mother: The Neglected Impact of School Disruptions 

      Jaume, David; Willén, Alexander (DP SAM;30/2018, Working paper, 2018-12)
      Temporary school closures (TSC) represent a major challenge to policymakers across the globe due to their potential impact on instructional time and student achievement. A neglected but equally important question relates ...
    • Older and wiser? : birth order and IQ of young men 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-08)
      While recent research finds strong evidence that birth order affects children’s outcomes such as education and earnings, the evidence on the effects of birth order on IQ is decidedly mixed. This paper uses a large dataset ...
    • Older or wealthier?: the impact of age adjustment on cross-sectional inequality measures 

      Almås, Ingvild; Mogstad, Magne (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-03)
      Differences in individual wealth holdings are widely viewed as a driving force of economic inequality. However, as this finding relies on cross-section data, a concern is that one confuses older with wealthier. We propose ...
    • On the competitive effect of informative advertising 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Kuhn, Michael (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-10)
      This paper analyses the competitive effects of informative advertising. The seminal work by Grossman and Shapiro (1984) show that informative advertising results in lower prices and that firms may benefit from advertising ...
    • On the Effect of Parallel Trade on Manufacturers’ and Retailers’ Profits in the Pharmaceutical Sector. 

      Dubois, Pierre; Sæthre, Morten (DP SAM;3/2018, Working paper, 2018-02)
      Differences in regulated pharmaceutical prices within the European Economic Area create arbitrage opportunities that pharmacy retailers can use through parallel imports. For prescription drugs under patent, such provision ...
    • On the importance of openness for industrial policy design in developing countries 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Coniglio, Nicola D. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      How should industrial policy be designed in developing countries? Should industrial policy be targeted to a few sectors or be more broad based and therefore more neutral? Our theoretical analysis demonstrates that access ...
    • On the perils of stabilizing prices when agents are learning 

      Mele, Antonio; Molnár, Krisztina; Santoro, Sergio (Discussion paper;01/15, Working paper, 2015-01)
      We show that price level stabilization is not optimal in an economy where agents have incomplete knowledge about the policy implemented and try to learn it. A systematically more accommodative policy than what agents expect ...
    • On the perils of stabilizing prices when agents are learning 

      Mele, Antonio; Molnar, Krisztina; Santoro, Sergio (DP SAM;22/2018, Working paper, 2018)
      The main advantage of price level stabilization compared with in ation stabilization rests on the central bank's ability to shape expectations. We show that stabilizing prices is no longer optimal when the central bank ...
    • On the political economy of resource rents in polarized societies 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-01)
      The present paper analyses how resource rents may affect political outcomes in a polarized society, where groups hold conflicting views on economic policy. A politically dominant group decides whether or not to include ...
    • On the possibility of Paretian egalitarianism 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Vallentyne, Peter (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-07)
      Paretian egalitarianism holds that equality should be promoted, but only when this does not conflict with certain (Pareto) efficiency considerations. Like leximin, it has the attractive feature of never favoring leveling ...
    • On the profitability of cross-border mergers 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      A horizontal merger is unlikely to be profitable unless it involves the large majority of firms in an industry. This well established result was developed by Salant et al (1983) in a closed economy setting. The present ...
    • On the significance of pre-existing distortions for the costs of environmental regulation 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Håkonsen, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-05)
      Recently, several papers have shown that environmental taxes are more costly in an economy with preexisting distortions than in an undistorted economy. This result applies for equal percent reductions from different ...
    • On the workings of a cartel : evidence from the Norwegian cement industry 

      Röller, Lars-Hendrik; Steen, Frode (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003)
      Using the institutional set-up of the Norwegian cement industry, in particular its sharing rule, we are able to identify the workings of a cartel in some detail. Given data on prices, production, and exports, we are able ...
    • On the workings of a cartel : evidence from the Norwegian cement industry 

      Steen, Frode; Röller, Lars-Hendrik (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-06)
      Using the institutional set-up of the Norwegian cement industry, in particular its sharing rule, we are able to identify the workings of a cartel in some detail. We focus on the two problems that any cartel faces: deciding ...
    • Operational expressions for the marginal cost of indirect taxation when merit arguments matter 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-02)
      Marginal indirect tax reform analysis evaluates for each commodity (group) the marginal welfare cost (MC) of increasing government revenue with 1 Euro by raising the indirect tax rate on that commodity. In this paper, ...
    • Optimal agricultural policy and PSE measurement : an assessment and application to Norway 

      Blandford, David; Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-10)
      The producer support estimate (the successor to the producer support equivalent) calculated by the OECD is widely used as an indicator of distortions created by agricultural policies. In this paper we demonstrate that ...
    • Optimal hospital payment rules under rationing by random waiting. 

      Gravelle, Hugh; Schroyen, Fred (SAM;8/2016, Working paper, 2016-05-19)
      We derive optimal rules for paying hospitals in a public health care system in which providers can choose quality and random patient demand is rationed by waiting time. Since waiting time imposes real costs on patients ...
    • Optimal income taxation with a risky asset : the triple income tax 

      Schindler, Dirk (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      We show in a two-period world with endogenous savings and two assets, one of them exhibiting a stochastic return that an interest adjusted income tax is optimal. This tax leaves a safe component of interest income tax ...
    • Optimal labor income taxation under maximin: an upper bound 

      Jacquet, Laurence (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-02)
      This paper assumes the standard optimal income tax model of Mirrlees (Review of Economic Studies, 1971). It gives fairly mild conditions under which the optimal nonlinear labor income tax profile derived under maximin ...
    • Optimal merger policy 

      Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      The purpose of this article is to investigate the optimal merger policy in the presence of deterrence as well as type I and type II errors. We derive the optimal number of merger investigations, both when the competition ...