Now showing items 533-552 of 575

    • A U-shaped Europe? : a simulation study of industrial location 

      Forslid, Rikard; Haaland, Jan Ingvald Meidell; Midelfart, Karen Helene (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1999-09)
      This paper uses a full-scale CGE-model - calibrated on 1992 data - to investigate the effects of European integration on the location of industrial production. Our results reveal large differences among individual ...
    • Uncertainty in the theory of public finance 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-09)
      This paper discusses the role that the economics of uncertainty has played in the theory of public finance. From being mostly concerned with its choice-theoretic foundations in the 1950s and ‘60s, the theory of expected ...
    • Under pressure? : the effect of peers on outcomes of young adults 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Devereux, Paul J.; Black, Sandra E. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-05)
      A variety of public campaigns, including the “Just Say No” campaign of the 1980s and 1990s that encouraged teenagers to “Just Say No to Drugs”, are based on the premise that teenagers are very susceptible to peer influences. ...
    • Unionized oligopoly, trade liberalization and location choice 

      Lommerud, Kjell Erik; Meland, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-07)
      In a two-country reciprocal dumping model, with one country unionized, we analyze how wage setting and firm location are influenced by trade liberalization. We show that trade liberalization can induce FDI, which is at ...
    • Universal Childcare for the Youngest and the Maternal Labour Supply 

      Kunze, Astrid; Liu, Xingfei (DP SAM;03/2019, Working paper, 2019-02)
      In this paper, we investigate whether the expansion of childcare leads to an increase in the female labour supply. We measure female labour supply at both the extensive and intensive margin. For identification, we exploit ...
    • Upstream merger in a successive oligopoly : who pays the price? 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars; Ulsaker, Simen A. (Discussion Papers;17/2013, Working paper, 2013-12)
      This study develops and uses a successive oligopoly model, with an unobservable non-linear tariff between upstream and downstream firms, to analyze the possible anti-competitive effects of an upstream merger. We find ...
    • Using survey data of inflation expectations in the estimation of learning and rational expectations models 

      Ormeño, Arturo; Molnár, Krisztina (Discussion paper;20/2014, Working paper, 2014-05)
      Does survey data contain useful information for estimating macroeconomic models? We address this question by using survey data of inflation expectations to estimate the New Keynesian model by Smets and Wouters (2007) and ...
    • Using the Helmert-transformation to reduce dimensionality in a mixed model: Application to a wage equation with worker and firm heterogeneity 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Raknerud, Arvid; Skjerpen, Terje (Discussion Papers;11/2011, Working paper, 2011-07)
    • Utility analysis, luxuries and risk : a critical comment 

      Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-10)
      This note questions the analysis of Diacon (2006) in the June issue of Economics Letters. It points at a misinterpretation and claims that the conclusion—that the presence of luxuries may make people love income gambles ...
    • The value of equality 

      Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      Over the years, egalitarian philosophers have made some challenging claims about the nature of egalitarianism. They have argued that the Rawlsian leximin principle is not an egalitarian idea; that egalitarian reasoning ...
    • Vaporware 

      Choi, Jay Pil; Kristiansen, Eirik Gaard; Nahm, Jae (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-09)
      It is a widely adopted practice for firms to announce new products well in advance of actual market availability, especially in the computer industry. This practice of preannouncement often has been derisively referred to ...
    • Variations in the price and quality of English grain, 1750-1914: quantitative evidence and empirical implications. 

      Brunt, Liam; Cannon, Edmund (Discussion paper;06/15, Working paper, 2015-03)
      Interpretation of historic grain price data may be hazardous owing to systematic grain quality variation – both cross sectionally and over varying time horizons (intra-year, inter-year, long run). We use the English wheat ...
    • Viscosity and dispersion in an evolutionary model of learning 

      Kolstad, Ivar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-03)
      A two-population evolutionary model of learning is proposed where there is a conflict of interests between populations, and where interaction ranges from complete viscosity to complete dispersion. The long run stochastically ...
    • Vocational training and gender : wages and occupational mobility among young workers 

      Fitzenberger, Bernd; Kunze, Astrid (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-08)
      This paper investigates the relationship between the gender wage gap, the choice of training occupation, and occupational mobility. We use longitudinal data for young workers with apprenticeship training in West Germany. ...
    • Wage dips and drops around first birth 

      Kunze, Astrid; Ejrnæs, Mette (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-01)
      We use a rich longitudinal data set for West Germany to disentangle the wage effects for female workers around first birth. Data on daily real wages reveal a dip in women’s real wages shortly before giving birth and a ...
    • War of attrition with affiliated values. 

      Chi, Chang Koo; Murto, Pauli; Välimäki, Juuso (DP SAM;16/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      We study the war of attrition between two players when the players’ signals are binary and affiliated. Our model covers both the case of common values and affiliated private values. We characterize the unique symmetric ...
    • Water with power : market power and supply shortage in dry years 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Skaar, Jostein; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-12)
      The purpose of this paper is to analyse how market power may affect the allocation of production between seasons (summer and winter) in a hydro power system with reservoirs and where inflow in winter is uncertain. We find ...
    • The Wealth of a Nation: Norways Road to Prosperity 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;17/2020, Working paper, 2020-09)
      The present paper discusses Norway’s way to prosperity during the two last centuries. The main reason for its wealth seems to have been the ability to meet international demand by utilizing its rich natural resources, ...
    • Weather shocks and English wheat yields, 1690-1871 

      Brunt, Liam (Discussion paper;02/15, Working paper, 2015-03)
      We estimate a time series model of weather shocks on English wheat yields for the early nineteenth century and use it to predict weather effects on yield levels from 1697 to 1871. This reveals that yields in the 1690s were ...
    • Weber revisited: A literature review on the possible Link between Protestantism, Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal (DP SAM;08/2020, Working paper, 2020-06)
      The present paper looks at the Weber-Tawney thesis on the positive link between Protestant ethic and economic growth. Both scholars observed that Protestant areas in the Western world seemed to gain faster and more wealth ...