• Agriculture versus fish – Norway in WTO 

      Gaasland, Ivar (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-09)
      The Norwegian agriculture is highly protected and subsidised. The opposite is the case for fisheries and fish farming which suffer from foreign market restrictions. Using a computational general equilibrium model, the gain ...
    • Can a warmer climate save northern agriculture? 

      Gaasland, Ivar (Working Paper, Working paper, 2004-05)
      Agriculture at high latitudes is expected to be the main beneficiary of a man-made climate change. A numerical model, using Norway as a case, is employed to analyze the impacts of a warmer climate on northern agriculture. ...
    • Deregulation of the Norwegian market for dairy products 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working Paper, Working paper, 2001-01)
      The Norwegian dairy policy is based on price discrimination. Monopoly profit is passed on to the farmers by raising the average price of milk. This procedure increases milk production, and involves cross-subsidization. ...
    • Economy-wide costs of food trade restrictions : the case of Norway 

      Gaasland, Ivar (Working paper, Working paper, 2006-11)
      Using a partial equilibrium model, the economic cost of the Norwegian agricultural policy is estimated to 1.3% of GDP. General equilibrium calculations elevate the cost estimate to between 1.6% and 3.6%. Thus, the agricultural ...
    • Efficiency losses in milk marketing boards : the importance of exports 

      Brunstad, Rolf Jens; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working Paper, Working paper, 2004-03)
      A milk marketing board (MMB) is a legislatively specified compulsory marketing institution, and a common way to regulate markets for dairy products. MMBs are based on price discrimination. As price discrimination leads to ...
    • Efficient supply of cultural landscape in a CGE framework 

      Gaasland, Ivar; Rødseth, Kenneth L.; Vårdal, Erling (Working paper;02/13, Working paper, 2013-02)
      It is widely recognized that the agricultural sector, in addition to private goods, produces public goods that benefit the domestic consumers. The prime example is cultural landscape which is produced jointly with private ...
    • Equilibrium and price stabilization 

      Flåm, Sjur Didrik; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working Paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      The main objects here are markets with stochastic demand and supply. Agriculture provides prime instances. A key concern is how a buffer agency may learn to stabilize prices. We model such learning and identify conditions ...
    • Everybody knows that the boat is leaking : How Norway thwarts its WTO commitments 

      Blandford, David; Gaasland, Ivar; Vårdal, Erling (Working paper;32/12, Working paper, 2012-10)
      We conduct a WTO-consistent assessment of Norwegian agricultural programs and policy since 1995. Most important, we highlight cases where Norway has found ways to work around its WTO-commitments in order to avoid policy ...
    • Markedsføring av kjøtt i Norge : organisering og finansieringskilder 

      Gaasland, Ivar; Mjørlund, Rune; Vårdal, Erling (Arbeidsnotat, Working paper, 2008-06)
      Dette notatet belyser statens bidrag til dekning av markedsføringskostnader i kjøttbransjen, og beskriver hvordan de ulike finansieringsordningene er organisert.
    • Modelling farmers' labour supply in CGE models 

      Gaasland, Ivar (Working paper, Working paper, 2008-03)
      In most CGE models with special focus on farm policy, the on-farm wage either follows the ordinary wage in the economy or it is varies according to an assumption of sector specific farm labour. This paper demonstrates a ...