• Har kvaliteten på lærere falt over tid? 

      Møen, Jarle; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Thorsen, Helge Sandvig (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Bekymringer om opptakskravene til lærerstudiet er et tilbakevendende tema i offentlig debatt, og myndighetene har også forsøkt ulike tiltak for å bedre rekrutteringen. Det er derfor interessant å studere de lange linjene ...
    • Humankapital og omstilling? 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2014)
      Norsk økonomi står overfor omstilling til næringer der høykompetent arbeidskraft både innen tjenesteytende virksomheter og industrien står sentralt. Spørsmålet vi stiller i denne artikkelen, er hvordan Norge er rustet til ...
    • Hvordan bekjempe priskarteller? 

      Jensen, Sissel; Sørgard, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      I denne artikkelen drøftes det hvordan en kan utforme en bøtepolitikk som bidrar til å bekjempe priskarteller. Det forklares hvordan bøter og lempningsordning (amnesti) kan utformes slik at en enten gjør dannelse av karteller ...
    • Hvordan påvirker redusert skjenketid omsetningen i utelivsbransjen? Nettrapport 

      Melberg, Hans Olav; Schøyen, Øivind (Forskningsrapport;2012, Research report, 2012)
      Denne rapporten analyserer i hvor stor grad en reduks j on i skjenketide n påvirker omsetningen i utelivsbransjen. I Norge er det en nasjonalt beste mt maksimal skjenketid fram til kl 03.00 alle dager, men ...
    • Implementing Approximations to Extreme Eigenvalues and Eigenvalues of Irregular Surface Partitionings for use in SAR and CAR Models 

      Griffith, Daniel; Bivand, Roger; Chun, Yongwan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Good approximations of eigenvalues exist for the regular square and hexagonal tessellations. To complement this situation, spatial scientists need good approximations of eigenvalues for irregular tessellations. Starting ...
    • Incarceration, Recidivism, and Employment 

      Bhuller, Manudeep; Mogstad, Magne; Dahl, Gordon Boyack; Løken, Katrine Vellesen (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2020)
      Using a random judge design and panel data from Norway, we estimate that imprisonment discourages further criminal behavior, with re-offense probabilities falling by 29 percentage points and criminal charges dropping by ...
    • Individuelle priser i dagligvaremarkedet 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Steen, Frode (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Bedrifter har fått større mulighet til å samle informasjon om hver enkelt kunde. I dagligvaremarkedet samler kjedene informasjon om hvor og hva vi handler. NorgesGruppen og Coop har i mange år hatt rabattprogrammer hvor ...
    • Insentiver og innsats 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      I denne artikkelen presenterer vi innsikter fra nyere forskning innen adferdsøkonomi og eksperimentelle økonomi som har dokumentert at forholdet mellom økonomiske insentiver og innsats er mer komplekst enn det økonomisk ...
    • International Income Inequality: Measuring PPP Bias by Estimating Engel Curves for Food 

      Almås, Ingvild (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Purchasing power-adjusted incomes applied in cross-country comparisons are measured with bias. This paper estimates the purchasing power parity (PPP) bias in Penn World Table incomes and provides corrected incomes. The ...
    • Intuition and moral decision-making-the effect of time pressure and cognitive load on moral judgment and altruistic behavior 

      Tinghög, Gustav; Andersson, David; Bonn, Caroline; Johannesson, Magnus; Kirchler, Michael; Koppel, Lina; Västfjäll, Daniel (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2016-10-26)
      Do individuals intuitively favor certain moral actions over others? This study explores the role of intuitive thinking—induced by time pressure and cognitive load—in moral judgment and behavior. We conduct experiments ...
    • Just Luck: An Experimental Study of Risk-Taking and Fairness 

      Cappelen, Alexander Wright; Konow, James; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf; Tungodden, Bertil (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      Choices involving risk significantly affect the distribution of income and wealth in society. This paper reports the results of the first experiment, to our knowledge, to study fairness views about risktaking, specifically ...
    • Kvinner, kontekst og konkurranse 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Falch, Ranveig; Hernæs, Ulrikke Johanne (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2012)
      Det har i den senere tid vært knyttet stor optimisme til entreprenørskap som vei ut av fattigdom. Mikrofinansbevegelsen, for eksempel, bygger på idéen om at fattige mennesker har kunnskapene og holdningene som skal til for ...
    • Liberal Resourcism: Problems and Possibilities 

      Tungodden, Bertil; Vallentyne, Peter (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2013)
      A basic question for egalitarians is the “equality of what?” question. This is an instance of the more general “distribution of what?” question for distributive justice. The question is of great importance both for ...
    • Life-cycle and intergenerational effects of child care reforms 

      Chan, Marc K; Liu, Kai (Peer reviewed; Journal article, 2018)
    • Luck, choice and responsibility - An experimental study of fairness views 

      Mollerstrom, Johanna; Reme, Bjørn-Atle; Sørensen, Erik Øiolf (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2015)
      Weconduct laboratory experimentswhere third-party spectators have the opportunity to redistribute Resources between two agents, thereby eliminating inequality and offsetting the consequences of controllable and uncontrollable ...
    • Market-specific Sunk Export Costs: The Impact of Learning and Spillovers 

      Maurseth, Per Botolf; Medin, Hege (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Firms may face sunk costs when entering an export market. Previous studies have focused on global or country-specific sunk export costs. This study analyses the importance of market-specific sunk export costs (defining ...
    • Market-specific Sunk Export Costs: The Impact of Learning and Spillovers 

      Maurseth, Per Botolf; Medin, Hege (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2017)
      Firms may face sunk costs when entering an export market. Previous studies have focused on global or country-specific sunk export costs. This study analyses the importance of market-specific sunk export costs (defining ...
    • Markup cyclicality and input factor adjustments 

      Askildsen, Jan Erik; Nilsen, Øivind Anti (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2010)
      This paper investigates the existence of markups and their cyclical behaviour at the industry sector level. Markups are given as a price-cost relation that is estimated from a dynamic, structural model of the firm. The ...
    • Merger simulations with observed diversion ratios 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Sørgard, Lars (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2011)
      One approach to merger simulations used in antitrust cases is to calibrate demand from market shares and a few additional parameters. When the products involved in the merger case are differentiated along several dimensions, ...
    • Missing Work is a Pain: The Effect of Cox-2 Inhibitors on Sickness Absence and Disability Pension Receipt 

      Buetikofer, Aline; Skira, Meghan (Journal article; Peer reviewed, 2018)
      How does medical innovation affect labor supply? We analyze how the availability of Cox-2 inhibitors, pharmaceuticals used for treating pain and inflammation, affected the sickness absence and disability pension receipt ...