Now showing items 423-442 of 575

    • Resale price maintenance and restrictions on dominant firm and industry-wide adoption 

      Foros, Øystein; Kind, Hans Jarle; Shaffer, Greg (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-06)
      This paper examines the use of market-share thresholds (safe harbors) in evaluating whether a given vertical practice should be challenged. Such thresholds are typically found in vertical restraints guidelines (e.g., the ...
    • Resolving distributional conflicts between generations 

      Asheim, Geir B.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-05)
      We describe a new approach to the problem of resolving distributional conflicts between an infinite and countable number of generations. We impose conditions on the social preferences that capture the following idea: ...
    • Responsibility and reward 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-09)
      It is not straightforward to define the ethics of responsibility in cases where the consequences of factors under our control are partly affected by factors outside our control. One way to approach this issue is to ask ...
    • Revisiting the Boston data set (Harrison and Rubinfeld, 1978): a case study in the challenges of system articulation. 

      Bivand, Roger (SAM;30/2015, Working paper, 2015-12-18)
      In the extended topical sphere of Regional Science, more scholars are addressing empirical questions using spatial and spatio-temoral data. An emerging challenge is to alert “new arrivals” to existing bodies of knowledge ...
    • Rewarding effort 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2004-06)
      According to liberal egalitarian ethics, individuals should be rewarded for factors under their control, but not for factors outside their control. A fundamental challenge to liberal egalitarian theories of justice is ...
    • Rich meets poor : an international fairness experiment 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Moene, Karl Ove; Sørensen, Erik Ø.; Tungodden, Bertil (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2008-10)
      Why do people in rich countries not transfer more of their income to people in the world's poorest countries? To study this question and the relative importance of needs, entitlements, and nationality in people's social ...
    • The risk sharing effects of social security and the stochastic properties of income growth 

      Thøgersen, Øystein (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-05)
      Time-series analyses suggest that income shocks are fairly persistent. This has implications for the intergenerational risk-sharing effects of pay-as-you- go (paygo) social security programs. By means of a simple stochastic ...
    • Robust growth determinants 

      Doppelhofer, Gernot; Weeks, Melvyn (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2011-02)
    • Robust Information Aggregation Through Voting 

      Midjord, Rune; Rodríguez Barraquer, Tomás; Valasek, Justin (DP SAM;12/2019, Working paper, 2019-06-10)
      Numerous theoretical studies have shown that information aggregation through voting is fragile. We consider a model of information aggregation with vote-contingent payoffs and generically characterize voting behavior in ...
    • The role of FDI in economic development 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Kind, Hans Jarle; Nordås, Hildegunn Kyvik (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-12)
      This paper deals with two questions: First, what are the determinants of FDI? Second, what is the role of FDI in economic development? In order to provide some answers to these questions, we draw upon the existing ...
    • Samaritan agents? : on the delegation of aid policy 

      Hagen, Rune Jansen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003)
      Should a donor delegate the responsibility for allocating its aid budget to a less inequality-averse agent to alleviate the consequences of the Samaritan’s Dilemma it is facing? I show that when aid impact differs across ...
    • Samaritan agents? : on the delegation of aid policy 

      Hagen, Rune Jansen (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-12)
      Should an aid donor delegate the responsibility for allocating its budget to an agent less averse to inequality than itself in order to alleviate the Samaritan’s Dilemma it is facing? Despite the intuitive appeal of ...
    • Samuel Pufendorf and Ludvig Holberg on Political Economy 

      Sæther, Arild (DP SAM;15/2017, Working paper, 2017)
      My interest in the history of economic thought goes several decades back. My studies in the Dano-Norwegian history of economic thought brought me to Ludvig Holberg (1684-1754). As many of you are aware of Holberg is known ...
    • Saving and Bequest in China: An Analysis of Intergenerational Exchange. 

      Almås, Ingvild; Freddi, Eleonora; Thøgersen, Øystein (SAM;10/2016, Working paper, 2016-05-31)
      Particularly high saving rates among the elderly in both rural and urban China call for an investigation of the involved bequest motive. Utilizing unique survey data from a diverse group of Chinese households, we document ...
    • The scale and scope of environmental taxation 

      Sandmo, Agnar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-10)
      This paper provides a discussion of the principles of environmental taxation. It considers the empirical identification of environmental taxes and the problems associated with the choice of the right tax base from the ...
    • Scarring effects of unemployment 

      Nilsen, Øivind Anti; Reiso, Katrine Holm (Discussion Papers;26/2011, Working paper, 2011-12)
      Using Norwegian individual register data of young workers, from the period 1986-2008, we analyse whether there are large and persistent negative relationships between unemployment and the risk of repeated unemployment ...
    • Seasonal Social Preferences. 

      Ekström, Mathias (DP SAM;4/2017, Working paper, 2017-03)
      Christmas is when people are expected to act selflessly for the well-being of others, but are people actually more altruistic at this time of the year? Responding to this question poses a challenge because of the confounding ...
    • A Second Chance? Labor Market Returns to Adult Education Using School Reforms 

      Bennett, Patrick; Blundell, Richard; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (DP SAM;14/2020, Working paper, 2020-08)
      Roughly one third of a cohort drop out of high school across OECD countries, and developing effective tools to address prime-aged high school dropouts is a key policy question. We leverage high quality Norwegian register ...
    • Second-best fairness under limited information: The trade-off between false positives and false negatives 

      Cappelen, Alexander W.; Cappelen, Cornelius; Tungodden, Bertil (DP SAM;18/2018, Working paper, 2018-08)
      In many important economic settings, limited information makes it impossible for decision makers to ensure that each individual gets what he or she deserves. Decision makers are then faced with the trade-off between giving ...
    • Segregation, polarization and the protection of minorities : national versus regional policy 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Cappelen, Alexander W. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-02)
      We analyse the optimal level of political decision making, national or regional. The benefit of policy making at the regional level is that it allows for policy differentiation, which serves the interests of regional ...