• Can a mixed health care system be desirable on equity grounds ? 

      Marchand, Maurice; Schroyen, Fred (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2003-02)
      Should health care provision be public, private, or both? We look at this question in a setting where people differ in their earnings capacity and face some illness risk. We assume that illness reduces a person's time ...
    • Can competition reduce quality? 

      Brekke, Kurt Richard; Siciliani, Luigi; Straume, Odd Rune (Discussion paper;9/2012, Working paper, 2012-03)
      We study the effect of competition on quality in markets such as health care, long-term care and education, when providers choose both prices and quality in a setting of spatial competition. We offer a novel mechanism ...
    • Can Female Doctors Cure the Gender STEMM Gap? Evidence from Randomly Assigned General Practitioners 

      Riise, Julie; Willage, Barton; Willen, Alexander (DP SAM;18/2019, Working paper, 2019-10)
      We use random assignment of general practitioners (GPs) to provide the first evidence on the effects of female role models in childhood on the long-run educational outcomes of girls. We find that girls who are exposed to ...
    • Capital taxation and imperfect competition : ACE vs. CBIT 

      Brekke, Kurt R.; Pires, Armando José Garcia; Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper;32/14, Working paper, 2014-11)
      This paper studies the market and welfare effects of two main tax reforms – the Corporate Business Income Tax (CBIT) and the Allowance for Corporate Equity tax (ACE). Using an imperfect-competition model for a small open ...
    • Care or cash? : the effect of child care subsidies on student performance 

      Black, Sandra E.; Devereux, Paul J.; Løken, Katrine Vellesen; Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar (Discussion paper;13/2012, Working paper, 2012-05)
      Given the wide use of childcare subsidies across countries, it is surprising how little we know about the effect of these subsidies on children’s longer run outcomes. Using a sharp discontinuity in the price of childcare ...
    • Cartels uncovered 

      Steen, Frode; Toivanen, Otto; Hyytinen, Ari (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-03)
      How many cartels are there? The answer is important in assessing the efficiency of competition policy. We present a Hidden Markov Model that answers the question, taking into account that often we do not know whether a ...
    • Centralized vs. de-centralized multinationals and taxes 

      Nielsen, Søren Bo; Raimondos-Møller, Pascalis; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2005-03)
      The paper examines how country tax differences affect a multinational enterprise’s choice to centralize or de-centralize its decision structure. Within a simple model that emphasizes the multiple conflicting roles of ...
    • The challenge of a rising skill premium for redistributive taxation 

      Bjorvatn, Kjetil; Cappelen, Alexander W. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-02)
      The present paper analyses the challenge to redistribution programs posed by an increase in skill premium. The increase in skill premium, which we observe in most OECD countries, affects taxation through its effect on ...
    • Challenges for the construction of historical price indices : the case of Norway, 1777-1920 

      Klovland, Jan Tore (Discussion papers;5/2014, Working paper, 2014-03)
      This paper reviews some methodological and practical problems encountered in the construction of historical price indices. The underlying data sets in such studies are often characterized by heterogenous and incomplete ...
    • Childhood Nutrition and Labor Market Outcomes: Evidence from a School Breakfast Program 

      Bütikofer, Aline; Mølland, Eirin; Salvanes, Kjell G. (DP SAM;15/2016, Working paper, 2016-11-29)
      While a growing literature documents the short-term effects of public programs providing children with nutritious food, there is scarce evidence of the long-term eects of such programs. This paper studies the long-term ...
    • A chronology of financial crises for Norway 

      Grytten, Ola Honningdal; Hunnes, Arngrim (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-05)
      The paper offers a chronology of financial crises in Norway from her independence in 1814 till present times. Firstly, business cycles, covering almost two hundred years of economic history are mapped. These reveal years ...
    • Climate policy and the steel industry : achieving global emission reductions by an incomplete climate agreement 

      Mathiesen, Lars; Mæstad, Ottar (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2002-10)
      The steel industry is one of the largest sources of global CO2 emissions and hence a candidate for climate policies. A carbon tax on emissions in industrialized countries, however, will cause relocation of steel production ...
    • Climate variability and international migration : an empirical analysis 

      Coniglio, Nicola D.; Pesce, Giovanni (Discussion paper;31/14, Working paper, 2014-10)
      Is international migration an adaptation strategy to sudden or gradual climatic shocks? In this paper we investigate the direct and the indirect role of climatic shocks in developing countries as a determinant of ...
    • Collude, compete, or both? : deregulation in the Norwegian airline industry 

      Salvanes, Kjell Gunnar; Steen, Frode; Sørgard, Lars (Discussion paper, Working paper, 1998-10)
      The purpose of this paper is to test the nature of competition concerning price and capacity setting in the Norwegian airline industry after the deregulation in 1994. Did the two airlines, SAS and Braathens, compete on ...
    • Commodity market integration 1850 - 1913 : evidence from Britain and Germany 

      Klovland, Jan Tore (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2001-10)
      In a sample that contains annual prices of 39 selected commodities in Britain and Germany in the period 1850 to 1913 substantial evidence of well integrated commodity markets is found. The degree of integration is not ...
    • Company tax reform in Europe and its effect on collusive behavior 

      Schindler, Dirk; Schjelderup, Guttorm (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2006-05)
      We study how harmonization of corporate tax systems affects the stability of international cartels. We show that tax base harmonization reinforces collusive agreements, while harmonization of corporate tax rates may ...
    • Comparative advantage and economic geography : estimating the location of production in the EU 

      Midelfart, Karen Helene; Overman, Henry G.; Venables, Anthony J. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2000-10)
      We develop and econometrically estimate a model of the location of industries across countries. The model combines factor endowments and geographical considerations, and shows how industry and country characteristics ...
    • Comparative advantage or discrimination? : studying male-female wage differentials using displaced workers 

      Kunze, Astrid; Troske, Kenneth R. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2007-09)
      We examine differences in search behavior between men and women using data on displaced workers. We find that men and women have similar search duration once we limit our estimation to women with a constant number of ...
    • Comparing estimation methods for spatial econometrics techniques using R 

      Bivand, Roger S. (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2010-10)
      Recent advances in spatial econometrics model fitting techniques have made it more desirable to be able to compare results and timings. Results should correspond between implementations using different applications, ...
    • The comparison between ad valorem and specific taxation under two-part tariffs 

      Schjelderup, Guttorm; Jensen, Sissel (Discussion paper, Working paper, 2009-06)
      In this paper, we compare ad valorem and specific taxation under heterogeneous demand when a monopolist offers a menu of two-part tariffs. An increase in either tax rate leads to a higher usage fee for all consumers, whereas ...